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voa慢速英语视频:News Literacy Lesson 1: Real News vs. Fake News
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voa慢速英语视频:News Literacy Lesson 1: Real News vs. Fake News

News Literacy Lesson 1: Real News vs. Fake News

新闻素养第一课:真新闻与假新闻

Information is an important part of our society. People depend on it to guide them through a complex world.

信息是社会的重要组成部分,人们依靠它引导着自己认识复杂的世界。

The invention of movable type in 15th century Europe revolutionized the communication of ideas. This invention made it possible to print and publish information to masses of people.

15世纪欧洲发明的活字印刷术使思想交流发生了革命性的变化,这项发明使印刷和向大众发布信息成为可能。

This free flow of information eventually led to a free press in many parts of the world. But because information is so powerful, many world leaders have tried to stop it.

这种信息的自由最终引领了世界许多地区的新闻自由。但由于信息太过强大,许多世界领导人试图阻止它。

French leader Napoleon Bonaparte once said he feared four newspapers more than 1,000 bayonets.

法国领导人拿破仑·波拿巴曾经说过,他害怕四家报纸超过1000支刺刀。

The Chinese emperor who oversaw the building of the Great Wall famously used his power to stop published information. Qin Shi Huang ordered the burning of thousands of books on subjects he wanted to keep from the people. He even had hundreds of scholars executed for refusing to give up their book collections.

中国监督长城建造的皇帝,成功地使用他的权力阻止了信息传播。秦始皇下令烧毁数千本关于他不想要人民看到的主题的书,他甚至处决了数百名拒绝放弃藏书的学者。

Even powerful leaders in modern times have succeeded in blocking material they do not want the people to see, as in Russia and China.

就像俄罗斯和中国一样,即使是现代的当权者也成功地阻止了他们不想让人民看到的信息。

But when true information is allowed to reach the people, good results can follow. Information has fueled successful revolutions in many nations. Government atrocities have been identified and world leaders have been forced to be held accountable for their actions.

但是,当真正的信息传递给人们时,好的结果会产生,信息推动了许多国家的成功革命。政府的暴行已经被确认,迫使世界领导人对自己的行为负责。

Advances in media technology have made words and images more powerful and widespread than ever. Smart phones and social media have become quick and easy tools to receive and share news and information. These tools have even made it possible for anyone with a device to gather and publish “news.”

媒体技术的进步使文字和图像比以往任何时候都更加强大,传播更加广泛。智能手机和社交媒体已经成为接收和分享新闻、信息的便捷工具。这些工具甚至使任何拥有设备的人都有可能收集和发布“新闻”。

This media environment makes it important for us to be able to recognize reliable information. True information gives us the facts to guide our decisions and actions.

这种媒体环境使得我们能够识别可靠的信息变得非常重要。真实的信息给了我们事实来指导我们的决定和行动。

In addition to informing, news can also divert.

除了通知之外,新闻也可以使我们开心。

This means it can focus our attention on something we are interested in as a kind of escape. An example would be news about subjects we seek out for enjoyment, such as entertainment, celebrities or sports.

这意味着它可以把我们的注意力集中在我们感兴趣的东西上,作为一种逃避的方式。一个例子就是关于我们寻找娱乐等主题的新闻,比如娱乐、名人或运动。

News can also serve as a way to connect us as human beings. This could include stories about tragedies or uplifting events that affect us emotionally. Such stories can lead people to join a cause or donate money to help those in need.

新闻也可以作为连接我们人类的一种方式,这可能包括影响我们情感的悲剧或令人振奋的故事,这样的故事可以引导人们加入一个事业,或者捐钱帮助那些有需要的人。

No matter what kind of news we experience, we have to be able to tell whether it is authentic or not. In the coming lessons, we will show you the steps; how you can do this.

无论我们经历的是什么样的新闻,我们都必须能够判断它是否真实。在接下来的课程中,我们将向您展示如何做到这些。

 

Words in This Story

type - n. standardized letters for printing

masses - n. large groups of people

bayonet - n. Knife at the end of a rifle

atrocity - n. a cruel and terrible act

device - n. an item, such as mobile phone or radio

reliable - adj. can be trusted to do the correct thing

divert - v. to change direction, or move one's attention

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