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VOA慢速英语:美国儿童医院报告RSV感染率激增

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中英对照 听力原文

Children's hospitals in parts of the United States are reporting a worrying surge in respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV.

美国部分地区的儿童医院报告称,呼吸道合胞病毒(RSV)激增,令人担忧。

The common virus affects the breathing system, usually causing minor sickness like a runny nose and cough. But RSV infections can cause much more serious disease in babies and old people.

这种常见的病毒会影响呼吸系统,通常会引起轻微的疾病,如流鼻涕和咳嗽。但是呼吸道合胞病毒感染,会在婴儿和老人中引起更严重的疾病。

RSV cases dropped sharply two years ago when the pandemic led to shutdowns of most public activity. But with restrictions easing in the summer of 2021, doctors saw a concerning increase in RSV infections. The disease usually spreads in the autumn and winter seasons.

两年前,当疫情导致大多数公共活动停止时,RSV病例急剧下降。但随着2021夏天限制措施的放宽,医生们看到通常在秋冬季传播的病毒出现了惊人的增长。

Doctors are preparing for the possibility that RSV, flu and COVID-19 may all surge in the coming months. Experts worry that such an event could cause greater medical demand than hospitals can meet.

医生们正在为RSV、流感和肺炎在未来几个月可能都会激增的可能性做准备。专家们担心,这样的事件可能会导致医院无法满足的医疗需求。

"I'm calling it an emergency," said Dr. Juan Salazar of Connecticut's Children's Hospital. There, RSV has forced led the hospital to repurpose some spaces in the building as patient rooms.

康涅狄格州儿童医院的胡安·萨拉扎医生说:“我称之为紧急情况。”。在那里,RSV迫使医院将大楼中的一些空间重新用作病房。

Most people infected with RSV can pass the virus over a three to eight day period. But, babies and people with weakened immune systems can spread RSV for up to four weeks. There is no vaccine for it, though several candidates are in testing.

大多数RSV感染者具有三到八天的传染性。但是,婴儿和免疫系统较弱的人可以传播RSV长达四周。没有疫苗,然而有几个候选疫苗正在测试中。

RSV can infect anyone. But it causes the most threat to babies, older adults and people with weakened immune systems. These groups are at greater risk of developing serious lung infections from RSV.

RSV可以感染任何人。但它对婴儿、老年人和免疫系统较弱的人造成的威胁最大。这些人群因呼吸道合胞病毒而发生严重肺部感染的风险更大。

Around 58,000 Americans under the age of five require hospital treatment for RSV in a usual year. The disease also kills as many as 500 children under five in the U.S. ever year.

每年大约有58000名五岁以下的儿童需要住院治疗RSV。美国每年有多达500名五岁以下儿童死于这种疾病。

For adults 65 and older, RSV causes 177,000 hospitalizations and 14,000 deaths yearly.

对于65岁及以上的成年人,RSV每年导致177000例住院治疗和14000例死亡。

For babies, the struggle to breathe can interfere with eating.

对婴儿来说,呼吸困难会影响进食。

Experts are suggesting several reasons for the current RSV surge.

专家们提出了目前RSV激增的几个原因。

They note that babies and children were less exposed to RSV and other common diseases during the pandemic lockdowns. Now that restrictions have ended, children face higher chances of contact with RSV.

他们指出,在疫情封锁期间,婴儿和儿童较少接触RSV和其他常见疾病。现在限制措施已经结束,儿童接触RSV的机会更大。

Also, experts say immune systems might not be as prepared to fight the virus after more than two years of masking, said Dr. Elizabeth Mack. She is with the Medical University of South Carolina.

此外,专家们表示,经过两年多的口罩防护,免疫系统可能没有做好抗击病毒的准备,伊丽莎白·麦克博士说。她在南卡罗来纳医科大学工作。

Last week, tests identified RSV infections in more than 7,000 people, said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). That is more than in past outbreaks.

疾病控制和预防中心(CDC)表示,上周,检测发现7000多人感染了RSV。比过去的病例要多。

There is no cure for RSV. Doctors may provide a steroid medicine or an inhaler to patients to ease their breathing. In serious cases, patients can require oxygen assistance, a breathing tube or a ventilator.

RSV没有治愈方法。医生会为患者提供类固醇药物或吸入器,来缓解患者的呼吸困难。在严重的情况下,患者可能需要氧气辅助、呼吸管或呼吸机。

To prevent the spread of viruses, people should wash their hands and stay home if feeling sick.

为了防止病毒的传播,人们应该注意洗手,如果感到生病就呆在家里。

During RSV season, an injection of an antibody-based medicine is sometimes given to protect babies at very high risk.

在RSV季节,有时会注射基于抗体的药物,以保护处于极高风险的婴儿。

I'm Ashley Thompson.

阿什利·汤普森报道。

Children's hospitals in parts of the United States are reporting a worrying surge in respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV.

The common virus affects the breathing system, usually causing minor sickness like a runny nose and cough. But RSV infections can cause much more serious disease in babies and old people.

RSV cases dropped sharply two years ago when the pandemic led to shutdowns of most public activity. But with restrictions easing in the summer of 2021, doctors saw a concerning increase in RSV infections. The disease usually spreads in the autumn and winter seasons.

Doctors are preparing for the possibility that RSV, flu and COVID-19 may all surge in the coming months. Experts worry that such an event could cause greater medical demand than hospitals can meet.

"I'm calling it an emergency," said Dr. Juan Salazar of Connecticut's Children's Hospital. There, RSV has forced led the hospital to repurpose some spaces in the building as patient rooms.

Most people infected with RSV can pass the virus over a three to eight day period. But, babies and people with weakened immune systems can spread RSV for up to four weeks. There is no vaccine for it, though several candidates are in testing.

RSV can infect anyone. But it causes the most threat to babies, older adults and people with weakened immune systems. These groups are at greater risk of developing serious lung infections from RSV.

Around 58,000 Americans under the age of five require hospital treatment for RSV in a usual year. The disease also kills as many as 500 children under five in the U.S. ever year.

For adults 65 and older, RSV causes 177,000 hospitalizations and 14,000 deaths yearly.

For babies, the struggle to breathe can interfere with eating.

Experts are suggesting several reasons for the current RSV surge.

They note that babies and children were less exposed to RSV and other common diseases during the pandemic lockdowns. Now that restrictions have ended, children face higher chances of contact with RSV.

Also, experts say immune systems might not be as prepared to fight the virus after more than two years of masking, said Dr. Elizabeth Mack. She is with the Medical University of South Carolina.

Last week, tests identified RSV infections in more than 7,000 people, said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). That is more than in past outbreaks.

There is no cure for RSV. Doctors may provide a steroid medicine or an inhaler to patients to ease their breathing. In serious cases, patients can require oxygen assistance, a breathing tube or a ventilator.

To prevent the spread of viruses, people should wash their hands and stay home if feeling sick.

During RSV season, an injection of an antibody-based medicine is sometimes given to protect babies at very high risk.

I'm Ashley Thompson.

______________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

surge - n. to move very quickly and suddenly in a particular direction

immune system - n. the system that protects your body from diseases and infections

mask - n. a covering for your face or for part of your face

steroid - n. a natural substance that is produced in the body

inhaler - n. a device used for inhaling a medicine

ventilator - n. a device that lets fresh air enter and move through a room, building, etc.


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