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VOA慢速英语:著名作家的亲戚在新书中提出了新的社会礼仪

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中英对照 听力原文

The famous American expert on manners, Emily Post, died in 1960. But two of Post's family members have updated her book of advice for the 21st century on the 100th anniversary of the first edition.

美国著名的礼仪专家艾米丽·波斯特 (Emily Post) 于 1960 年去世。但波斯特的两位家人在第一版出版 100 周年之际更新了她的 21 世纪建议书。

Etiquette is a word describing the rules for acceptable behavior among members of a society. But different societies and cultures have different rules.

礼仪是描述社会成员之间可接受的行为规则的词。但是不同的社会和文化有不同的规则。

"I think mostly that it's really easy to paint etiquette and manners as tools for elitism, tools for secrecy, tools for exclusion," said Lizzie Post. She is Emily's great-great-granddaughter and co-writer of the latest Emily Post's Etiquette.

“我认为,把礼仪和举止描绘成精英主义、保密、排斥的工具真的很容易。”莉齐·波斯特 说。她是艾米丽的曾曾孙女,也是最新《艾米丽·波斯特礼仪》的合著者。

"But when we're using etiquette and manners as a tool for self-reflection and awareness of others, I think we're really going to have a chance to make the world a nicer place," she said.

“但当我们将礼仪和举止作为自我反省和了解他人的工具时,我认为我们真的有机会让世界变得更美好。”她说。

Post published her first version of the etiquette book under a different name in 1922. The book has been changed over the years, but the 20th edition, which was released in October, is its biggest update.

波斯特在1922年以不同的名字出版了她的第一版礼仪书。这本书多年来一直在修改,但10月发行的第20版更新程度最大。

The new book still has advice for setting dinner tables and dressing up for different events. There is also advice on how to give gifts and how to give extra money to food servers. But Post, and her cousin and co-writer, Daniel Post Senning, are interested in modern issues. They have included ideas from people who called in to their Awesome Etiquette podcast program.

这本新书仍然对布置餐桌和为不同的活动着装提供了建议。还有关于如何赠送礼物和如何给送餐服务员小费的建议。但是波斯特和她的表弟兼合著者丹尼尔·波斯特·森宁对现代问题感兴趣。他们收录了一些给他们的播客节目《令人敬畏的礼仪》打电话的人的想法。

Some of the issues have been made timely by the COVID-19 pandemic and the #MeToo movement, which reacted against sexual abuse. The book covers issues like handshakes, and seeking permission to hug or kiss on the cheek - actions that once were common.

2019年冠状病毒大流行和#MeToo运动及时解决了一些问题,这本书涵盖了握手、拥抱或亲吻脸颊等问题——这些行为曾经很常见。

There is also advice on how to handle failed marriages and separations.

还有关于如何处理失败婚姻和分居的建议。

"Avoid trying to push or suggest the right decision for a friend," the Posts write in the new book. "It's especially important to be careful what you say around children whose parents are separated or divorcing."

《邮报》在新书中写道:“不要试图推动或建议朋友做出正确的决定。”“尤其重要的是,在父母分居或离婚的孩子面前,你要小心说话。”

The book also deals with subjects that were not described in Emily Post's time, like mourning a miscarriage.

这本书还涉及了艾米丽·波斯特时代没有描述的主题,比如哀悼流产。

You do not want to say things like "'Next time it'll happen,'" or "'This just wasn't your time,'" the book advises.

这本书建议说,不要说“孩子还会有”或“孩子来的不是时候”之类的话。

Emily Post grew up in Baltimore, Maryland and New York City. But through her travels, Emily learned more about the lives of those outside her social status.

艾米丽·波斯特在巴尔的摩、马里兰州和纽约市长大。但是通过旅行,艾米丽更多地了解了她社会地位之外的人的生活。

The younger Posts also deal with the subject of privilege. In the book they write: "Privilege can be and sound like many different things, but...it mostly comes across as a lack of awareness that you have benefited in a way others may not have."

新书里也谈到了特权问题。他们在书中写道:“特权可以是许多不同的东西,但是,这在很大程度上表现为你缺乏意识,没有意识到你以一种其他人可能没有的方式受益。”

Modern-day manners on gender pronouns, like "he" and "she," are also discussed in the new book. Using the pronoun a person wants to be called is a way to show to support and respect, the book says.

新书中还讨论了现代性别代词的礼仪,如“他”和“她”。这本书说,使用一个人想被称为的代词是一种表示支持和尊重的方式。

"You might think someone's pronouns are easy enough to tell just by looking at them, but the reality is this isn't always the case," the Posts wrote.

作者在书中中写道:“你可能认为一个人的代词很容易看出来,但事实并非如此。”

In her books, Emily Post grew "more inclusive over the years," said the Lizzie, her great-great granddaughter. Emily Post's etiquette became based more on education than wealth, she said.

艾米丽·波斯特的曾曾孙女莉齐表示,在她的书中,她“这些年来变得更加包容”。艾米丽·波斯特说,她的礼仪更多地基于教育,而不是财富。

For that, Lizzie Post said, "I'm happy."

对此,莉齐·波斯特说:“我很高兴。”

I'm Dan Novak.

丹·诺瓦克报道。

The famous American expert on manners, Emily Post, died in 1960. But two of Post's family members have updated her book of advice for the 21st century on the 100th anniversary of the first edition.

Etiquette is a word describing the rules for acceptable behavior among members of a society. But different societies and cultures have different rules.

"I think mostly that it's really easy to paint etiquette and manners as tools for elitism, tools for secrecy, tools for exclusion," said Lizzie Post. She is Emily's great-great-granddaughter and co-writer of the latest Emily Post's Etiquette.

"But when we're using etiquette and manners as a tool for self-reflection and awareness of others, I think we're really going to have a chance to make the world a nicer place," she said.

Post published her first version of the etiquette book under a different name in 1922. The book has been changed over the years, but the 20th edition, which was released in October, is its biggest update.

The new book still has advice for setting dinner tables and dressing up for different events. There is also advice on how to give gifts and how to give extra money to food servers. But Post, and her cousin and co-writer, Daniel Post Senning, are interested in modern issues. They have included ideas from people who called in to their Awesome Etiquette podcast program.

Some of the issues have been made timely by the COVID-19 pandemic and the #MeToo movement, which reacted against sexual abuse. The book covers issues like handshakes, and seeking permission to hug or kiss on the cheek - actions that once were common.

There is also advice on how to handle failed marriages and separations.

"Avoid trying to push or suggest the right decision for a friend," the Posts write in the new book. "It's especially important to be careful what you say around children whose parents are separated or divorcing."

The book also deals with subjects that were not described in Emily Post's time, like mourning a miscarriage.

You do not want to say things like "'Next time it'll happen,'" or "'This just wasn't your time,'" the book advises.

Emily Post grew up in Baltimore, Maryland and New York City. But through her travels, Emily learned more about the lives of those outside her social status.

The younger Posts also deal with the subject of privilege. In the book they write: "Privilege can be and sound like many different things, but...it mostly comes across as a lack of awareness that you have benefited in a way others may not have."

Modern-day manners on gender pronouns, like "he" and "she," are also discussed in the new book. Using the pronoun a person wants to be called is a way to show to support and respect, the book says.

"You might think someone's pronouns are easy enough to tell just by looking at them, but the reality is this isn't always the case," the Posts wrote.

In her books, Emily Post grew "more inclusive over the years," said the Lizzie, her great-great granddaughter. Emily Post's etiquette became based more on education than wealth, she said.

For that, Lizzie Post said, "I'm happy."

I'm Dan Novak.

Dan Novak adapted this story for VOA Learning English based on reporting by The Associated Press.

____________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

manners - n. a right or good outcome that is given to some people but not to others

elitism - n. giving special treatment to people because they are rich or powerful

exclusion - n. to prevent someone from doing something or being party of a group

reflect - v. to think about it a deep way

miscarriage - n. a condition where a mother loses her unborn baby because of a problem with the pregnancy

privilege - n. something that some people have that others do not

benefit - v. to receive a good result

gender - n. related to male or female sex


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