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VOA慢速英语:里希·苏纳克成为英国今年的第三任首相

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中英对照 听力原文

Rishi Sunak became Britain's third prime minister this year on Tuesday. The former Treasury chief promised to lead the country through an economic crisis and rebuild trust in politics.

周二,里希·苏纳克成为英国今年的第三任首相。这位前财政大臣承诺他将会带领英国度过经济危机,重建人们对政治的信任。

Sunak made the traditional visit to Buckingham Palace and met with King Charles III, who officially asked the prime minister to form a government. He leads the country's Conservative party.

苏纳克按照惯例前往白金汉宫与国王查尔斯三世会面,国王查尔斯三世正式授命这位新首相组建政府。他是英国保守党的党首。

The 42-year-old Sunak comes from an Indian and Hindu background. The former hedge fund chief first entered elected politics seven years ago. A hedge fund is a group of investors who use complex investments to gain high returns.

现年42岁的苏纳克是印度裔,有印度教背景。这位前对冲基金首席执行官7年前首次参与政治选举。对冲基金指的是一群投资者利用复杂的投资来获得高回报。

Sunak is the youngest British leader to be elected in more than 200 years. He replaces Liz Truss, who recently resigned after spending just 44 days in office. Truss faced a wave of criticism over a series of economic proposals that shook financial markets and divided her Conservative party.

苏纳克是200多年来当选的最年轻的英国领导人。他接替了利兹·特拉斯,特拉斯在任职仅44天后于近日辞职。特拉斯因一系列经济提案而面临一波又一波的批评,这些经济提案引发了金融市场的震荡,并导致她所在的保守党分裂。

Political experts say Sunak is seen by his party as a safe caretaker who can hopefully steady an economy moving toward recession.

政治专家表示,保守党把苏纳克视为财政上的“安全之手”,他有望稳定正在走向衰退的经济。

Speaking outside the prime minister's residence at 10 Downing Street in London, Sunak said he realized the great difficulties currently facing Britain. "I fully appreciate how hard things are," he said. He added that he also recognized that he will have to work hard to regain the public's trust. "All I can say is that I am not daunted."

苏纳克在伦敦唐宁街10号首相官邸外发表讲话时表示,他意识到英国目前面临的巨大困难。他说:“我完全理解事情有多难”。他还说,他也认识到,他必须努力工作,以重新赢得公众的信任。“我所能说的就是,我并不害怕。”

Sunak said he would look for the best ways to cut public spending and fix the "mistakes" made by Truss.

苏纳克表示,他将会寻找削减公共支出的最佳方式,并纠正特拉斯犯下的“错误”。

The new prime minister is expected to cut government spending to reduce an estimated $45 billion budget deficit. The deficit was created by an economic slowdown, higher borrowing costs and energy support measures. Solving the problem "will mean difficult decisions to come," Sunak said.

这位新首相预计将会削减政府开支,以减少约450亿美元的预算赤字。预算赤字是由经济放缓、借贷成本上升和能源支持措施造成的。苏纳克说,解决这个问题“将意味着做出艰难的决定”。

As chief of Britain's Treasury, Sunak became popular with the public by offering billions in support to closed businesses and unemployed workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

作为英国财政大臣,苏纳克在新冠疫情期间为倒闭的企业和失业工人提供了数十亿美元的支持,从而受到了公众的欢迎。

Now, he will have to oversee tax increases and spending cuts as he tries to bring inflation and government debt under control. Workers in the railroad, telecommunications, waste collection and other industries have gone on strike for higher wages recently.

如今,因为他要设法控制通货膨胀和政府债务,所以他将不得不增税和削减开支。最近,铁路、电信、垃圾收集等行业的工人举行了罢工,要求加薪。

Sunak also promised to put the public's needs before politics.

苏纳克还承诺,将把公众的需求置于政治之前。

Members of Britain's Indian community and people in India celebrated Sunak's new position. Social media and Indian media were flooded with congratulations for Sunak. New Delhi businessman Manoj Garg told The Associated Press, "It is a moment of pride for India that the country which ruled us for many years has now a prime minister of Indian heritage."

英国印度社区成员和印度人民庆祝苏纳克当选英国首相。社交媒体和印度媒体上充满了人们对苏纳克的祝贺。新德里商人马诺杰·加尔格对美联社说:“统治我们多年的国家现在有了一位具有印度血统的总理,这对印度来说是一个值得骄傲的时刻。”

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated Sunak on Twitter. He said he looked forward to "working closely" with the prime minister on world issues. Modi added, "Special Diwali wishes to the 'living bridge' of UK Indians as we transform historic ties into modern partnership."

印度总理纳伦德拉·莫迪在推特上发文祝贺苏纳克。他说,他期待着与这位首相在全球性问题上“密切合作”。莫迪还说:“向英国印度人的‘活桥梁’致以特别的排灯节祝福,因为我们正将历史关系转变为现代伙伴关系。”

Sunak's grandparents came from Punjab state before India and Pakistan were divided after British rule ended in 1947. The family moved to East Africa in the late 1930s before settling in Britain in the 1960s. Sunak was born in 1980 in Southampton, on England's south coast.

苏纳克的祖父母来自英属印度时期的旁遮普邦,1947年英国结束对印度的统治,发生了印巴分治。这家人在20世纪30年代末移居东非,20世纪60年代在英国定居。苏纳克1980年出生于英格兰南海岸的南安普敦。

Sunak is married to Akshata Murty. Her father is Indian billionaire N.R. Narayana Murthy, creator of the technology company Infosys.

苏纳克娶了阿克莎塔·穆尔蒂。她的父亲是印度亿万富翁纳拉亚纳·穆尔蒂,印孚瑟斯科技有限责任公司的创始人。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

布莱恩·林恩报道。

Rishi Sunak became Britain's third prime minister this year on Tuesday. The former Treasury chief promised to lead the country through an economic crisis and rebuild trust in politics.

Sunak made the traditional visit to Buckingham Palace and met with King Charles III, who officially asked the prime minister to form a government. He leads the country's Conservative party.

The 42-year-old Sunak comes from an Indian and Hindu background. The former hedge fund chief first entered elected politics seven years ago. A hedge fund is a group of investors who use complex investments to gain high returns.

Sunak is the youngest British leader to be elected in more than 200 years. He replaces Liz Truss, who recently resigned after spending just 44 days in office. Truss faced a wave of criticism over a series of economic proposals that shook financial markets and divided her Conservative party.

Political experts say Sunak is seen by his party as a safe caretaker who can hopefully steady an economy moving toward recession.

Speaking outside the prime minister's residence at 10 Downing Street in London, Sunak said he realized the great difficulties currently facing Britain. "I fully appreciate how hard things are," he said. He added that he also recognized that he will have to work hard to regain the public's trust. "All I can say is that I am not daunted."

Sunak said he would look for the best ways to cut public spending and fix the "mistakes" made by Truss.

The new prime minister is expected to cut government spending to reduce an estimated $45 billion budget deficit. The deficit was created by an economic slowdown, higher borrowing costs and energy support measures. Solving the problem "will mean difficult decisions to come," Sunak said.

As chief of Britain's Treasury, Sunak became popular with the public by offering billions in support to closed businesses and unemployed workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Now, he will have to oversee tax increases and spending cuts as he tries to bring inflation and government debt under control. Workers in the railroad, telecommunications, waste collection and other industries have gone on strike for higher wages recently.

Sunak also promised to put the public's needs before politics.

Members of Britain's Indian community and people in India celebrated Sunak's new position. Social media and Indian media were flooded with congratulations for Sunak. New Delhi businessman Manoj Garg told The Associated Press, "It is a moment of pride for India that the country which ruled us for many years has now a prime minister of Indian heritage."

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated Sunak on Twitter. He said he looked forward to "working closely" with the prime minister on world issues. Modi added, "Special Diwali wishes to the 'living bridge' of UK Indians as we transform historic ties into modern partnership."

Sunak's grandparents came from Punjab state before India and Pakistan were divided after British rule ended in 1947. The family moved to East Africa in the late 1930s before settling in Britain in the 1960s. Sunak was born in 1980 in Southampton, on England's south coast.

Sunak is married to Akshata Murty. Her father is Indian billionaire N.R. Narayana Murthy, creator of the technology company Infosys.

I'm Bryan Lynn.

The Associated Press and Reuters reported this story. Bryan Lynn adapted the reports for VOA Learning English.

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Words in This Story

appreciate - v. to understand how good something or someone is

daunted - adj. worried or frightened

pride - n. a feeling that you respect yourself and deserve to be respected by other people

heritage - n. something possessed as a result of one natural situation or birth

transform - v. to change something completely, usually to improve it

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