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VOA慢速英语:面对通货膨胀的痛苦,一些阿根廷人转向垃圾场

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Inflation continues to rise to record levels in Argentina. The country faces a possible inflation rate of 100 percent this year.

阿根廷的通货膨胀率继续上升到创纪录的水平。该国今年可能面临 100% 的通货膨胀率。

As prices rise, some people have turned to waste dumps to seek materials that can be sold for recycling. Others are lining up to trade personal belongings in special groups, or clubs, to earn extra money.

随着价格上涨,一些人转向垃圾场寻找可出售的材料。其他人则排队在特殊团体或俱乐部中交易个人物品,以赚取额外的钱。

This year, the South American nation is set to record its sharpest rise in prices since 1990. The rate represents an extreme case although many nations face inflation partly brought on by Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

今年,这个南美国家的物价涨幅将创下90年代以来的最高纪录。尽管许多国家面临部分由俄乌冲突引起的通货膨胀,但这一涨幅仍然是极端的案例。

"My income is no longer enough," said Sergio Omar. The 41-year-old told Reuters he spent 12 hours a day searching through waste at a landfill in Lujan, about 65 kilometers outside the capital Buenos Aires. He looks for cardboard, plastic and metal that he can sell.

“我的收入已经不够用了,”塞尔吉奥·奥马尔说。这位 41 岁的老人告诉路透社,他每天要花 12个小时在首都布宜诺斯艾利斯外约 65公里的卢扬垃圾填埋场寻找垃圾。他寻找可以出售的纸板、塑料和金属。

Omar said food costs have increased so much in recent months that it has become hard to feed his family with five children. He said an increasing number of people are coming to the waste dump to find materials they can sell in the struggle to survive.

奥马尔说,近几个月来食品成本大幅上涨,以至于养活五个孩子的家人变得困难。他说,越来越多的人来到垃圾场寻找可以出售的材料,以求生存。

"Twice as many people are coming here because there is so much crisis," Omar added. He explained that he could make between $13 and $40 per day selling recyclable waste.

“来这里的人是原来的两倍多,因为危机太严重了。”奥马尔补充道。他解释说,他每天可以通过销售可回收垃圾赚取 13 到 40 美元。

At the dump, Reuters reporters saw men and women searching for usable clothing and even food. They move through mountains of flowing waste, alongside rats, wild dogs and birds. Gases produced by the breakdown of waste can cause sudden fires.

在垃圾场,路透社记者看到男人和女人在寻找可用的衣服甚至食物。他们穿过堆积如山的流动垃圾,旁边还有老鼠、野狗和鸟类。垃圾分解产生的气体会导致突发火灾。

One hundred years ago, Argentina was one of the world's richest countries. But in recent years, it has experienced several economic crises and struggled to keep inflation under control.

一百年前,阿根廷是世界上最富有的国家之一。但近年来,它经历了几次经济危机,并努力控制通胀。

Now, prices are rising at the fastest rate since the 1990s. The problems are linked to government deficit spending and a series of price increases by businesses. Existing problems worsened because of worldwide increases in fertilizer costs and natural gas import prices.

现在,价格正以90年代以来最快的速度上涨。这些问题与政府赤字支出和企业一系列价格上涨有关。由于全球肥料成本和天然气进口价格上涨,现有问题进一步恶化。

Experts questioned by Reuters estimated that inflation likely rose 6.7 percent in September. That has led the central bank to raise the interest rate to 75 percent, with the possibility of additional increases.

接受路透社询问的专家估计,9 月份通胀率可能上升 6.7%。这导致央行将利率提高到 75%,并有可能进一步加息。

Poverty rose to over 36 percent of the population in the first half of 2022. Extreme poverty rose to 8.8 percent, which represents about 2.6 million people. Government assistance programs have helped prevent further poverty rises. But some people are calling for more social spending.

到 2022 年上半年,贫困人口的比例上升到 36% 以上。极端贫困人口上升到 8.8%,约260万人。政府援助计划有助于防止贫困进一步加剧。但有些人呼吁增加社会支出。

In 2001, during one of Argentina's worst economic crises, Sandra Contreras set up the Lujan Barter Club. This idea is now growing in popularity as many Argentines are trading things like old clothes for needed food supplies without using money.

2001年,在阿根廷最严重的经济危机期间,桑德拉·孔特雷拉斯成立了卢汉易货俱乐部。这个想法现在越来越受欢迎,因为许多阿根廷人不用钱就可以用旧衣服等东西来换取所需的食物供应。

Contreras told Reuters that many people come to the club "very desperate" because their jobs no longer provide enough money. She said, "things are getting worse day by day."

孔特雷拉斯告诉路透社,许多人来到俱乐部“非常绝望”,因为他们的工作不再提供足够的钱。她说,“情况一天比一天糟糕。”

Contreras noted that some people start lining up two hours before the barter club opens each morning. "People have no money left, they need to take something home, so there's no choice but to barter."

孔特雷拉斯指出,有些人每天早上在易货俱乐部开门前两小时就开始排队。“人们没钱了,他们需要带东西回家,所以除了以物易物别无选择。”

Pablo Lopez is a 26-year-old man who works in a small recycling center. He said the effects of rising prices can be seen clearly every day. "This inflation is a madness, you can see it here with the people who come to work that inflation hits us all," Lopez said.

帕布罗·洛佩兹是一名 26 岁的男子,在一家小型回收中心工作。他说,每天都可以清楚地看到物价上涨的影响。“通货膨胀已经疯了,在这里的人都能看到通货膨胀对所有人的打击”洛佩兹说。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

布莱恩·林恩报道。

Inflation continues to rise to record levels in Argentina. The country faces a possible inflation rate of 100 percent this year.

As prices rise, some people have turned to waste dumps to seek materials that can be sold for recycling. Others are lining up to trade personal belongings in special groups, or clubs, to earn extra money.

This year, the South American nation is set to record its sharpest rise in prices since 1990. The rate represents an extreme case although many nations face inflation partly brought on by Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

"My income is no longer enough," said Sergio Omar. The 41-year-old told Reuters he spent 12 hours a day searching through waste at a landfill in Lujan, about 65 kilometers outside the capital Buenos Aires. He looks for cardboard, plastic and metal that he can sell.

Omar said food costs have increased so much in recent months that it has become hard to feed his family with five children. He said an increasing number of people are coming to the waste dump to find materials they can sell in the struggle to survive.

"Twice as many people are coming here because there is so much crisis," Omar added. He explained that he could make between $13 and $40 per day selling recyclable waste.

At the dump, Reuters reporters saw men and women searching for usable clothing and even food. They move through mountains of flowing waste, alongside rats, wild dogs and birds. Gases produced by the breakdown of waste can cause sudden fires.

One hundred years ago, Argentina was one of the world's richest countries. But in recent years, it has experienced several economic crises and struggled to keep inflation under control.

Now, prices are rising at the fastest rate since the 1990s. The problems are linked to government deficit spending and a series of price increases by businesses. Existing problems worsened because of worldwide increases in fertilizer costs and natural gas import prices.

Experts questioned by Reuters estimated that inflation likely rose 6.7 percent in September. That has led the central bank to raise the interest rate to 75 percent, with the possibility of additional increases.

Poverty rose to over 36 percent of the population in the first half of 2022. Extreme poverty rose to 8.8 percent, which represents about 2.6 million people. Government assistance programs have helped prevent further poverty rises. But some people are calling for more social spending.

In 2001, during one of Argentina's worst economic crises, Sandra Contreras set up the Lujan Barter Club. This idea is now growing in popularity as many Argentines are trading things like old clothes for needed food supplies without using money.

Contreras told Reuters that many people come to the club "very desperate" because their jobs no longer provide enough money. She said, "things are getting worse day by day."

Contreras noted that some people start lining up two hours before the barter club opens each morning. "People have no money left, they need to take something home, so there's no choice but to barter."

Pablo Lopez is a 26-year-old man who works in a small recycling center. He said the effects of rising prices can be seen clearly every day. "This inflation is a madness, you can see it here with the people who come to work that inflation hits us all," Lopez said.

I'm Bryan Lynn.

Reuters reported this story. Bryan Lynn adapted the report for VOA Learning English.

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Words in This Story

recycle - v. to put used paper, glass, plastic, etc. through a process so that it can be used again

fertilizer - n. a natural or chemical substance you put on land in order to make plants grow well

barter - v. to exchange goods or services for other goods of services, without using money

desperate - adj. a feeling that you have no hope left

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