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VOA慢速英语:自给自足的德国村庄几乎没有能源问题

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Europeans are preparing for the increase in prices of their energy bills. Many plan to try to save energy this winter by turning down the heat and turning off lights.

欧洲人正在为能源账单价格的上涨做准备。许多人计划今年冬天通过关掉暖气和关灯来节省能源。

But not the 130 people who live in the east German village of Feldheim.

但这不包括住在东德费尔德海姆村的130人。

The little town has been energy self-sufficient for more than ten years.

这个小镇十多年来一直能源自给自足。

Feldheim built a few wind turbines to provide it electricity as an experiment in the 1990s. Then, the village expanded that effort to build a local electrical system, or a grid, and solar panels, batteries, and more turbines.

费尔德海姆在20世纪90年代作为实验地,建造了一些风力涡轮机来提供电力。然后,该村扩大了这一努力,建设了当地电力系统或电网,以及太阳能电池板、电池和更多涡轮机。

A biogas factory built to keep piglets warm was enlarged. It pumps hot water though a village-wide central heating system. A hydrogen production center is also being built.

扩建了一个为小猪取暖而建的沼气厂。它通过全村的中央供暖系统输送热水。一个氢气生产中心也在建设中。

Now, 55 wind turbines can be seen (and not heard) on the farmlands around Feldheim. Locals enjoy some of the lowest electricity and natural gas prices in Germany.

现在,在费尔德海姆周围的农田上可以看到(而不是听到)55台风力涡轮机。当地人享受着德国最低的电力和天然气价格。

Kathleen Thompson works for a local educational organization, the New Energies Forum. The villagers "can all sleep well at night," she said. "They've got no concerns because the prices are not going to change, not in the immediate future anyway."

凯瑟琳·汤普森在当地教育组织新能源论坛工作。村民们“晚上都能睡个好觉,”她说。“他们并不担心,因为价格不会改变,至少在短期内不会。”

Thousands of visitors from around the world come to see how Feldheim produces green energy. Germany, as a whole, still uses carbon-based fuel for much of its energy needs.

成千上万来自世界各地的游客,前来参观费尔德海姆是如何生产绿色能源的。德国几乎所有地区仍然使用碳基燃料来满足其大部分能源需求。

But the country has invested billions into the growth of renewable energy to reduce its use of climate-changing energy. Even with that investment, carbon-based fuels and nuclear energy were responsible for more than half of the country's total power production in the first six months of 2022.

但德国已经在可再生能源的发展上投入了数十亿美元,用以减少对气候变化能源的使用。即使有了这笔投资,碳基燃料和核能仍占2022年前六个月全国总发电量的一半以上。

A lack of sufficient transmission capacity often leads to shutdowns at wind parks. Carbon-based fuel plants then increase their production to provide electricity to factories in the south.

缺乏足够的输电能力通常会导致风电场关闭。碳基燃料厂随后增加产量,为南方的工厂提供电力。

Michael Knape is mayor of Treuenbrietzen, the city to which Feldheim belongs. He said letting locals take part in and benefit from the project was key to Feldheim's success.

迈克尔·克纳普是费尔德海姆所属城市特雷恩布里岑的市长。他说,让当地人参与并受益于这个项目是费尔德海姆成功的关键。

The community approved so many turbines that it makes, and exports, about 250 times more electricity than it uses.

当地批准了如此多的涡轮机,以至于它制造和出口的电力大约是其使用量的250倍。

Knape admitted that Feldheim's effort cannot be copied everywhere. But he said such projects could be a big part of a solution.

克纳普承认费尔德海姆的努力不能在任何地方复制。但是他说这样的项目可能是解决方案的一个重要部分。

"Many little Feldheims could supply at least parts of Berlin," he said.

“许多小费尔德海姆至少可以供应柏林的部分地区。”他说。

I'm Jill Robbins.

吉尔·罗宾斯报道。

Europeans are preparing for the increase in prices of their energy bills. Many plan to try to save energy this winter by turning down the heat and turning off lights.

But not the 130 people who live in the east German village of Feldheim.

The little town has been energy self-sufficient for more than ten years.

Feldheim built a few wind turbines to provide it electricity as an experiment in the 1990s. Then, the village expanded that effort to build a local electrical system, or a grid, and solar panels, batteries, and more turbines.

A biogas factory built to keep piglets warm was enlarged. It pumps hot water though a village-wide central heating system. A hydrogen production center is also being built.

Now, 55 wind turbines can be seen (and not heard) on the farmlands around Feldheim. Locals enjoy some of the lowest electricity and natural gas prices in Germany.

Kathleen Thompson works for a local educational organization, the New Energies Forum. The villagers "can all sleep well at night," she said. "They've got no concerns because the prices are not going to change, not in the immediate future anyway."

Thousands of visitors from around the world come to see how Feldheim produces green energy. Germany, as a whole, still uses carbon-based fuel for much of its energy needs.

But the country has invested billions into the growth of renewable energy to reduce its use of climate-changing energy. Even with that investment, carbon-based fuels and nuclear energy were responsible for more than half of the country's total power production in the first six months of 2022.

A lack of sufficient transmission capacity often leads to shutdowns at wind parks. Carbon-based fuel plants then increase their production to provide electricity to factories in the south.

Michael Knape is mayor of Treuenbrietzen, the city to which Feldheim belongs. He said letting locals take part in and benefit from the project was key to Feldheim's success.

The community approved so many turbines that it makes, and exports, about 250 times more electricity than it uses.

Knape admitted that Feldheim's effort cannot be copied everywhere. But he said such projects could be a big part of a solution.

"Many little Feldheims could supply at least parts of Berlin," he said.

I'm Jill Robbins.

Frank Jordans reported this story for The Associated Press. Gregory Stachel adapted it for VOA Learning English.

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Words in This Story

sufficient - adj. having or providing as much as is needed

turbine - n. an engine that has a part with blades that are caused to spin by pressure from water, steam, or air

solar panel ­­- n. a large, flat piece of equipment that uses the sun's light or heat to create electricity

battery - n. a device that is placed inside a machine (such as a clock, toy, or car) to supply it with electricity

transmission - n. the act or process of sending electrical signals to a radio, television, or computer

capacity - n. the amount of something that can be produced or managed by a factory or company

benefit - v. to be useful or helpful to (someone or something)

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