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CNN News: 美国阵亡将士纪念日

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Hi, I'm Carl Azuz. Welcoming our viewers around the world to the last broadcast of our Spring season. Fridays are awesome.

大家好,我是卡尔·阿祖兹。欢迎世界各地的朋友观看今日我们的节目。本次节目是我们春季节目最后一期。周五太棒了!

Many Americans have a three-day weekend coming up. Since 1971. the Memorial Day Holiday has been observed on the last Monday in May. It's come to symbolize the unofficial beginning of summer. A time of cookouts and family reunions, a time when Americans can wear white shoes again according to an old-fashioned fashion rule. But the true meaning of the holiday is in remembrance, Memorial Day is a tribute to all Americans who died serving in their nation's conflicts. It started during the Civil War when mourners used flowers to decorate the graves of those who'd been killed in battle.

许多美国人即将迎来一个为期三天的周末。自1971年以来,阵亡将士纪念日被定为5月的最后一个星期一。它已经成为夏季非正式开始的象征。这是一个野餐和家庭聚会的时间,也是美国人又可以穿白鞋的时候,这是一个过时的时尚法则。但是这个节日的真正意义是为了纪念阵亡将士,纪念日是向所有在国家冲突中牺牲的美国人致敬。它开始于内战期间,当时哀悼者用鲜花来装饰阵亡将士的坟墓。

That gave rise to the holiday known as Decoration Day. It was marked in states that fought for the Union and the Confederacy. After World War I, which ended in 1918. the holiday's name was changed to Memorial Day and it became a time to remember servicemen and women who'd been lost in every war. Flags are placed in their honor. Parades and church services, public events are held. The president traditionally lays a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery. That can take place on Veterans Day as well. But while that holiday recognizes everyone who served in the Armed Forces, Memorial Day focuses on those who gave their lives in service.

这就产生了一个被称为“装饰日”的节日。为联邦和南部邦联而战的各州都标明了这一点。在1918年结束的第一次世界大战之后,这个节日的名字被改为阵亡将士纪念日,它成为了一个纪念在每场战争中丧生的男女军人的日子。国旗代表了他们的荣誉。游行、教堂服务、公共活动都会举行。总统向阿灵顿国家公墓的无名烈士墓敬献花圈。这也可以发生在退伍军人节。但是这个节日是为了纪念所有在武装部队服役的人

The respects paid at Arlington are mirrored in cemeteries and communities all across America. This year Memorial Day coincides with another historic date. One of America's worst outbreaks of racial violence occurred on May 31st, 1921. It's known as the Tulsa Race Massacre or the Tulsa Race Riot.

美国各地的公墓和社区都表达了对阿灵顿国家公墓的敬意。今年的阵亡将士纪念日恰逢另一个具有历史意义的日子。美国最严重的种族暴力事件之一发生在1921年5月31日。它被称为塔尔萨种族大屠杀或塔尔萨种族暴乱。

Historians believe it started with an accusation against a black man. A confrontation between black and white mobs. The fatal shooting of a white protestor and then widespread destruction of an African American neighborhood of Tulsa, Oklahoma. There's a lot of mystery around it. No one knows who actually fired the first shot. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, estimates of the number killed range from 30 to 300. mostly African Americans. Here's CNN Contributor Chris James.

历史学家认为,它始于对一名黑人的指控。黑人和白人暴徒之间的对抗。一名白人抗议者被枪杀,然后是俄克拉荷马州塔尔萨的一个非裔美国人社区被广泛破坏。事件有很多蹊跷的地方。没人知道是谁开的第一枪。据《大英百科全书》估计,被杀的人数在30到300人之间,大部分是非洲裔美国人。CNN撰稿人克里斯·詹姆斯报道。

Hi, I'm Carl Azuz. Welcoming our viewers around the world to the last broadcast of our Spring season. Fridays are awesome.

Many Americans have a three-day weekend coming up. Since 1971. the Memorial Day Holiday has been observed on the last Monday in May. It's come to symbolize the unofficial beginning of summer. A time of cookouts and family reunions, a time when Americans can wear white shoes again according to an old-fashioned fashion rule. But the true meaning of the holiday is in remembrance, Memorial Day is a tribute to all Americans who died serving in their nation's conflicts. It started during the Civil War when mourners used flowers to decorate the graves of those who'd been killed in battle.

That gave rise to the holiday known as Decoration Day. It was marked in states that fought for the Union and the Confederacy. After World War I, which ended in 1918. the holiday's name was changed to Memorial Day and it became a time to remember servicemen and women who'd been lost in every war. Flags are placed in their honor. Parades and church services, public events are held. The president traditionally lays a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery. That can take place on Veterans Day as well. But while that holiday recognizes everyone who served in the Armed Forces, Memorial Day focuses on those who gave their lives in service.

The respects paid at Arlington are mirrored in cemeteries and communities all across America. This year Memorial Day coincides with another historic date. One of America's worst outbreaks of racial violence occurred on May 31st, 1921. It's known as the Tulsa Race Massacre or the Tulsa Race Riot.

Historians believe it started with an accusation against a black man. A confrontation between black and white mobs. The fatal shooting of a white protestor and then widespread destruction of an African American neighborhood of Tulsa, Oklahoma. There's a lot of mystery around it. No one knows who actually fired the first shot. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, estimates of the number killed range from 30 to 300. mostly African Americans. Here's CNN Contributor Chris James.


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