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CNN News: 美政府实施强制隔离

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Impressions right now about government mandated quarantines and how do you enforce those? So let me ask you this. What legal authority does the government have to declare quarantines and how can a quarantine be enforced if someone violates it?

关于政府强制隔离以及如何实施?政府有什么法定权力来宣布隔离?如果有人违反隔离,如何执行隔离?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, so our government has very broad authority. I think broader than people may realize to order and enforce a quarantine, meaning a restriction on people move into or out of either specific places or broader geographical regions. Now, under Federal law, the government through the Department of Health and Human Services, has the authority to order a quarantine as necessary to prevent the spread of communicable diseases. That can either be an isolation order on a specific individual known to have a certain condition or in rare cases we can see a broader mass quarantine.

未知男性:所以我们的政府有非常广泛的权力。我认为下令实施隔离的范围比人们意识到的要广,这意味着限制人们进出特定的地方或更广阔的区域。现在,根据联邦法律,政府通过美国卫生与公众服务部有权下令进行必要的隔离,以防止传染病的传播。这可以是已知患有某种疾病的特定个体的隔离令,也可以是罕见的大规模隔离令。

The last time we saw that was over 100 years ago in 1918-1919. There was a mass Federal quarantine when we had that different influenza outbreak.

我们上一次看到这种情况是在100多年前的1918-1919年。流感爆发,实行了大规模的联邦隔离。

Also, all 50 states have laws enabling governors to order quarantines. So how are these enforced? Well, first of all, you hope its - - its sort of self-enforcing. You hope people do the right thing and obey but if not they can be enforced by fines and in some cases, some states and under Federal law even by arrest and prosecution. We hope it doesn't come to that. We hope everyone does the right thing but the government does have the power if necessary to enforce a quarantine.

此外所有50个州都有法律允许州长下隔离令。那么如何执行呢?首先,希望这是一种自我约束。希望人们做正确的事情,遵守法律,但如果不这样做,他们可能会被罚款,在某些情况下,在一些州,根据联邦法律,甚至会被逮捕和起诉。我们希望不会出现这种情况。希望每个人都做正确的事,但政府确实有权力在必要时实施隔离。

Impressions right now about government mandated quarantines and how do you enforce those? So let me ask you this. What legal authority does the government have to declare quarantines and how can a quarantine be enforced if someone violates it?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, Anna (ph) so our government has very broad authority. I think broader than people may realize to order and enforce a quarantine, meaning a restriction on people move into or out of either specific places or broader geographical regions. Now, under Federal law, the government through the Department of Health and Human Services, has the authority to order a quarantine as necessary to prevent the spread of communicable diseases. That can either be an isolation order on a specific individual known to have a certain condition or in rare cases we can see a broader mass quarantine.

The last time we saw that was over 100 years ago in 1918-1919. There was a mass Federal quarantine when we had that different influenza outbreak.

Also, all 50 states have laws enabling governors to order quarantines. So how are these enforced? Well, first of all, you hope its - - its sort of self-enforcing. You hope people do the right thing and obey but if not they can be enforced by fines and in some cases, some states and under Federal law even by arrest and prosecution. We hope it doesn't come to that. We hope everyone does the right thing but the government does have the power if necessary to enforce a quarantine.


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