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CNN News: 为何很多古埃及雕像缺少鼻子

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10 Second Trivia. The northern and southern kingdoms of what nation were unified in 3100 B.C.? India, Egypt, Persia or Japan. Events around the year 3100 B.C. resulted in the unification of ancient Egypt. 
 
10秒快速问答。哪个国家的南北王国在公元前3100年统一?印度,埃及,波斯或日本。公元前3100年的一系列事件导致了古埃及的统一。

One thing you might notice when looking at many statues from ancient Egypt is that they're missing their noses. Of course these artifacts are thousands of years old. Someone might think the noses would be the first things to fall or break off but a museum curator in New York City was asked the question so many times that he started researching why the noses were missing, and he found out that the faces were defaced on purpose. 
 
当你看到许多古埃及的雕像时,你可能会注意到它们缺了鼻子。当然这些手工艺品已经有几千年的历史了。有人可能认为鼻子会是最先掉下来或折断的东西,但是纽约市的一位博物馆馆长被问了很多次这个问题,以至于他开始研究为什么鼻子不见了,他发现这是故意损坏的。


The reasons are complicated. Power struggles between rulers. Changes in or disagreements over religion, political division, personal grudges. All of these are likely reasons for the damage, the criminal acts, the vandalism. 
 
原因很复杂。统治者之间的权力斗争。宗教、政治分裂、个人恩怨的变化或分歧。所有这些都可能是造成破坏的原因,甚至犯罪行为,破坏行为。

But why specifically the noses? The curators suggest that because the nose allows someone to breathe, removing it would make that impossible and effectively kill the statue that represents somebody. There are many other ways including natural ones. These relics decay or become damaged over the millennia and ahead of its opening this year, the Grand Egyptian Museum hired a number of experts to bring artifacts back to nearly original condition. 
 
但为什么是鼻子呢?策展人认为,因为鼻子可以让人呼吸,所以移除鼻子会让人无法呼吸,从而有效地杀死代表某人的雕像。还有很多其他的方式,包括自然的方式。这些文物经过数千年的腐烂或损坏,在今年开馆之前,大埃及博物馆聘请了一些专家,让文物恢复到接近原始的状态。
 

 
10 Second Trivia. The northern and southern kingdoms of what nation were unified in 3100 B.C.? India, Egypt, Persia or Japan. Events around the year 3100 B.C. resulted in the unification of ancient Egypt. 

One thing you might notice when looking at many statues from ancient Egypt is that they're missing their noses. Of course these artifacts are thousands of years old. Someone might think the noses would be the first things to fall or break off but a museum curator in New York City was asked the question so many times that he started researching why the noses were missing, and he found out that the faces were defaced on purpose. 

The reasons are complicated. Power struggles between rulers. Changes in or disagreements over religion, political division, personal grudges. All of these are likely reasons for the damage, the criminal acts, the vandalism. 

But why specifically the noses? The curators suggest that because the nose allows someone to breathe, removing it would make that impossible and effectively kill the statue that represents somebody. There are many other ways including natural ones. These relics decay or become damaged over the millennia and ahead of its opening this year, the Grand Egyptian Museum hired a number of experts to bring artifacts back to nearly original condition. 


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