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CNN News: 何为美国国情咨文?

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It's a report card and it's a prognostication. It is the president saying, this is what I would like to do in the coming year.
 
国情咨文报告既是一张成绩单,也是一个预言。特朗普表示,这是未来一年我想要做的事情。
 
The State of the Union is essentially a homework assignment from the framers of the Constitution to every president who's lived ever since. The Constitution tells them that they periodically must tell Congress how the country's doing if a president wants to lean hard to one side or hard to the other side, then you might see more political purpose in the State of the Union. Although often it's just a general sense of let's move this direction.
 
《国情咨文》本质上是制宪者给历任总统布置的家庭作业。宪法告诉他们,他们必须定期向国会汇报国家的情况,如果总统想要向一方或另一方倾斜,则意味着更多政治意图。虽然向一方倾斜,有时只是我们的感觉。
 
The whole thing is a huge pageant. The president comes walking in escorted by members of the House and Senate, the Sergeant of Arms announced him and everybody stands and cheers and there's quite a crowd there. Everyone has assigned seating. Right behind the president you will find the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and the President of the Senate which will be the vice-president of the United States and then the two parties generally - - generally stay on their side if the aisle.
 
整个过程就像一场盛大的庆典。总统在参众两院议员的陪同下走了进来,军士宣布了他的名字,人山人海,每个人都站起来欢呼。每个人都有座位。就在总统后面,你会看到美国众议院的发言人和参议院的总统,也就是美国的副总统,两党通常会站在他们一边。
 
You typically have the Supreme Court there, the Joint Chiefs of Staff are there representing the military and the First Lady will also be there usually with some sort of special guest in recent years that will illustrate some point is making.
 
最高法院在那里,参谋长联席会议在那里代表军队,第一夫人也会在那里,同时通常会有一些特殊的客人,近年来,这一点更得以证明。
 
One of the coolest part of the presidential address is always the missing cabinet member and figuring it out who it's going to be. One member of the cabinet always has to be somewhere else in case something terrible happened. So presumably you could have the Secretary of Agriculture sitting somewhere thinking about hog futures and suddenly he's the president of the United States which would be a huge shock to him.
 
总统演讲中最酷的部分之一就是失踪的内阁成员,以及如何找到合适的人选。内阁中总有一个人要到别的地方去,以防发生什么可怕的事情。假设你可以让农业部长坐在某处思考猪的未来,突然他变成了美国的总统这对他来说是一个巨大的冲击。
 
 Since the 1960s the opposition has also issued a response, that is someone selected by the opposing party to stand up and refute what the president said or say perhaps we have different ideas on how the government should be conducting itself and where we should be going in the coming year.
 
自20世纪60年代以来,反对派也选人发表回应,站出来驳斥总统说或说对于政府的管理以及未来一年的走向,我们有不同的想法。


 
It's a report card and it's a prognostication. It is the president saying, this is what I would like to do in the coming year.
 
The State of the Union is essentially a homework assignment from the framers of the Constitution to every president who's lived ever since. The Constitution tells them that they periodically must tell Congress how the country's doing if a president wants to lean hard to one side or hard to the other side, then you might see more political purpose in the State of the Union. Although often it's just a general sense of let's move this direction.
 
The whole thing is a huge pageant. The president comes walking in escorted by members of the House and Senate, the Sergeant of Arms announced him and everybody stands and cheers and there's quite a crowd there. Everyone has assigned seating. Right behind the president you will find the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and the President of the Senate which will be the vice-president of the United States and then the two parties generally - - generally stay on their side if the aisle. You typically have the Supreme Court there, the Joint Chiefs of Staff are there representing the military and the First Lady will also be there usually with some sort of special guest in recent years that will illustrate some point is making.
 
One of the coolest part of the presidential address is always the missing cabinet member and figuring it out who it's going to be. One member of the cabinet always has to be somewhere else in case something terrible happened. So presumably you could have the Secretary of Agriculture sitting somewhere thinking about hog futures and suddenly he's the president of the United States which would be a huge shock to him. Since the 1960s the opposition has also issued a response, that is someone selected by the opposing party to stand up and refute what the president said or say perhaps we have different ideas on how the government should be conducting itself and where we should be going in the coming year.


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