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VOA慢速英语: 水果侦探寻找稀有品种的苹果

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An apple tree stands alone near the top of a hill. It produces the Arkansas Beauty, a fruit long believed to have disappeared from existence. Three years ago, plant experts E.J. Brandt and David Benscoterre discovered it.

一棵苹果树孤零零地立在山顶附近。它创造了阿肯色州的美丽,而人们认为这种水果很久以前就消失了。。三年前,植物专家E.J.勃兰特和大卫·本斯考特重新发现了它。

The men have found 13 long-lost apple varieties in an area once known as Oregon Territory in the northwestern United States.

他们在美国西北部的俄勒冈地区发现了13个消失已久的苹果品种。

Brandt and Benscoter, both retirees, lead a nonprofit called Lost Apple Project. They travel hundreds of kilometers in trucks and on foot to find orchards planted by settlers more than a century ago.

勃兰特和本斯考特都是退休人员,领导着一个名为“失落的苹果项目”的非营利组织。他们坐着卡车步行数百公里,寻找一个多世纪前定居者种植的果园。

The two are racing against time to keep the fruit from disappearing. The apple trees are old, and many are dying. Others are being ripped out for more wheat fields or housing developments.

他们正在与时间赛跑,以防止这种水果消失。苹果树老了,很多都快死了。其他的则被用于麦田或住房开发。

"To me, this area is a goldmine," said Brandt, who has found two historical varieties in the state of Idaho. "I don't want it lost in time. I want to give back to the people so that they can enjoy what our forefathers did."

“对我来说,这个地区是一座金矿,”勃兰特说,他在爱达荷州发现了两个具有历史意义的品种。“我不想让它在时间里消失。我要回报人民,使他们能够享受祖先所做的一切。”

History

历史

North America once had 17,000 named varieties of domesticated apples, but only about 4,000 remain. The Lost Apple Project believes settlers planted a few hundred varieties in their part of the Pacific Northwest alone.

北美曾经有17000种被命名的人工培育苹果,但现在只剩下4000种。“失落的苹果”项目认为,定居者仅在他们所在的太平洋西北地区就种植了几百种苹果。

The Homestead Act of 1862 gave 65 hectares to families who would improve the land and pay a small fee. These people planted orchards with enough variety to get them through the long winter. They planted apples that ripen from early spring until the first freeze.

1862年的《宅地法》将65公顷土地分给了愿意改善土地状况并支付少量费用的家庭。这些人种植的果园品种繁多,足以度过漫长的冬天。他们种的苹果从早春到第一次霜冻都会成熟。

Then, as now, people did not raise apples from seeds. People took cuttings taken from existing trees and then joined them with roots. The new trees do not have the genetic material that often makes "wild" apples unfit as food.

那时和现在一样,人们不用种子培育苹果。人们从现有的树木上取下插枝,然后用树根把它们连接起来。这种新树产生的果实凯可以食用。

Genetic Diversity

遗传多样性

Joanie Cooper is a plant scientist at the Temperate Orchard Conservancy. She has helped identify many of the lost varieties found in northern Idaho and eastern Washington. The trees have value beyond their historic importance, she notes.

Joanie Cooper是温带果园保护协会的一名植物科学家。她帮助鉴定了在爱达荷州北部和华盛顿东部发现的许多丢失的品种。她指出,这些树的价值超越了它们的历史重要性。

The trees could help genetic diversity among modern-day apple crops as climate change and disease take an increasing toll.

随着气候变化和疾病造成的损失越来越大,这些树可能有助于现代苹果作物的基因多样性。

Cooper said, "You have to have varieties that can last, that can grow, produce fruit, survive the heat and maybe survive the cold winter, depending on where you are. I think that's critical."

库柏说:“必须有能够持续生长、结出果实、经受得住炎热和寒冷冬天的品种,这取决于地理位置。我认为这是至关重要的。”

I'm Jonathan Evans.

我是乔纳森·埃文斯。

__________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

variety – n. a particular kind of person or thing

orchard – n. a planting of fruit trees, nut trees, or sugar maples

forefather – n. a person from an earlier time who helped to create or start something modern or important

domesticated – adj. from the verb

domesticate - v. to grow (a plant) for human use ; to breed or train (an animal) to need and accept the care of human beings : to tame (an animal)

ripen – v. to become ripe and ready to eat

An apple tree stands alone near the top of a hill. It produces the Arkansas Beauty, a fruit long believed to have disappeared from existence. Three years ago, plant experts E.J. Brandt and David Benscoter rediscovered it.

The men have found 13 long-lost apple varieties in an area once known as Oregon Territory in the northwestern United States.

Brandt and Benscoter, both retirees, lead a nonprofit called Lost Apple Project. They travel hundreds of kilometers in trucks and on foot to find orchards planted by settlers more than a century ago.

The two are racing against time to keep the fruit from disappearing. The apple trees are old, and many are dying. Others are being ripped out for more wheat fields or housing developments.

"To me, this area is a goldmine," said Brandt, who has found two historical varieties in the state of Idaho. "I don't want it lost in time. I want to give back to the people so that they can enjoy what our forefathers did."

History

North America once had 17,000 named varieties of domesticated apples, but only about 4,000 remain. The Lost Apple Project believes settlers planted a few hundred varieties in their part of the Pacific Northwest alone.

The Homestead Act of 1862 gave 65 hectares to families who would improve the land and pay a small fee. These people planted orchards with enough variety to get them through the long winter. They planted apples that ripen from early spring until the first freeze.

Then, as now, people did not raise apples from seeds. People took cuttings taken from existing trees and then joined them with roots. The new trees do not have the genetic material that often makes "wild" apples unfit as food.

Genetic Diversity

Joanie Cooper is a plant scientist at the Temperate Orchard Conservancy. She has helped identify many of the lost varieties found in northern Idaho and eastern Washington. The trees have value beyond their historic importance, she notes.

The trees could help genetic diversity among modern-day apple crops as climate change and disease take an increasing toll.

Cooper said, "You have to have varieties that can last, that can grow, produce fruit, survive the heat and maybe survive the cold winter, depending on where you are. I think that's critical."

I'm Jonathan Evans.

__________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

variety – n. a particular kind of person or thing

orchard – n. a planting of fruit trees, nut trees, or sugar maples

forefather – n. a person from an earlier time who helped to create or start something modern or important

domesticated – adj. from the verb

domesticate - v. to grow (a plant) for human use ; to breed or train (an animal) to need and accept the care of human beings : to tame (an animal)

ripen – v. to become ripe and ready to eat


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