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Balloon Festivals Celebrate First Method of Human Flight

The path of human aviation is uneven and dangerous. But, from the ancient story of an English king killed in his attempt to fly with handmade wings to the launchings of rockets to the International Space Station, the desire for flight continues.

人类飞行的道路困难重重。但是,从古代故事,一位英国国王在尝试用手工制作的翅膀飞行时牺牲,到向国际空间站发射火箭,人们对飞行的渴望仍在继续。

Some people think of the American brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright as the first pilots of the sky. In 1903, the two men made four brief flights in a powered plane in North Carolina.

有些人认为美国的威尔伯·莱特和奥维尔·莱特兄弟是第一批天空飞行员。1903年,两人驾驶动力飞机在北卡罗来纳州进行了四次短暂飞行。

But more than 100 years earlier, two Frenchmen were actually the first to float through the sky.

但早在100多年前,两名法国人实际上是第一个漂浮在空中的。

On November 21, 1783, Jean François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes got into a small open airboat. Above their heads, long ropes attached the craft to a huge hot air balloon. The balloon rose slowly, carrying its pilots over a public park in Paris.

1783年11月21日,让·弗朗索瓦·皮拉特雷·德·罗齐埃和阿尔兰德斯侯爵登上了一艘小型的敞篷飞艇。在他们的头顶上,长长的绳子把飞船绑在一个巨大的热气球上。气球缓缓上升,载着驾驶员飞过巴黎的一个公园。

In 1785, two other pilots flew a similar airship across the English Channel.

1785年,另外两名飞行员驾驶一艘类似的飞艇横渡英吉利海峡。

Although it never became a main form of transportation, balloon flight has stuck.

虽然它从未成为一种主要的交通工具,但气球飞行一直停滞不前。

Today, hot air balloon fans celebrate the aircraft in festivals around the world. Hundreds of thousands recently attended the largest such event, held in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The León International Balloon Festival just closed in Mexico. Similar celebrations take place in Canada, France and Japan, to name a few. Today, we explore a few of these events.

In Saga, Japan, more than 100 balloons from about 20 countries take part in a five-day competition and celebration. Competitors are tested on flight control and other skills.

今天,世界各地的热气球爱好者都在庆祝热气球的节日。最近,数十万人参加了在新墨西哥州阿尔伯克基举行的最大规模的此类活动。利昂国际气球节刚刚在墨西哥闭幕。类似的庆祝活动也在加拿大、法国和日本举行。今天,我们将探讨其中的一些事件。在日本佐贺,来自大约20个国家的100多个气球参加了为期5天的比赛和庆祝活动。参赛者要接受飞行控制和其他技能的测试。

Balloons rise into the air from along the Kase River each day. Others are launched elsewhere, and can be seen in the air over homes and other buildings.

气球每天都从凯萨河沿岸升空。还有的气球则是在其他地方发射的,可以在房屋和其他建筑物上空看到。

However, one of the most beautiful sights at the Saga International Balloon Festival happens after dark, during La Montgolfier Nocturne. Known as the Night Mooring in English, the event involves balloons lining up on the riverside. The balloons all light up at once from the firing of their burners. The result is an extensive, extraordinary glow, which is reflected in the river.

然而,在佐贺国际气球节最美丽的景象之一发生在天黑后。该活动在英语中被称为“夜间系泊”,活动中气球在河边排成一行。气球的燃烧器一点燃,所有的气球立刻都亮了起来。结果是河岸边上熠熠生辉.

The balloon fiesta in Saga takes place yearly in early November.

佐贺的热气球节每年11月初举行。

The León International Balloon Festival

利昂国际气球节

Next we travel to the central Mexican city of León. The yearly balloon celebration there is known as FIG, for Festival Internacional del Globo. The 2019 event took place from November 15-18.

接下来我们前往墨西哥中部城市莱昂。每年一度的气球庆祝活动被称为国际气球节(FIG)。2019于11月15日至18日举行。

The FIG is the biggest balloon festival in Latin America. About 200 hot air balloons and pilots from 15 different countries are involved. Hundreds of thousands of visitors attend.

这是拉丁美洲最大的气球节。大约有来自15个不同国家的200个热气球和飞行员参与其中。成千上万的游客参加。

The first FIG took place in 2002 with just 25 balloons. Its website says that year, the event "began the magic and the first experience of seeing this dream fly by painting the sky of León..."

第一次气球放飞是在2002年,当时只有25个气球。官网表示,那一年,“通过画利昂的天空,开始了魔法和这里的人们第一次看到梦想飞翔……”

At the 2014 FIG, American aviator Jonathan Trappe made history and paid respects to the beloved American film Up. The pilot attached dozens of balloons to an airboat that looked much like the house in the 2009 film. Then, just like the character Carl in the movie, Trappe floated the house up into the air. He traveled over Mexico that way for several days.

在2014年国际飞行联合会(FIG)上,美国飞行员乔纳森·特拉普创造了历史,并向深受观众喜爱的美国电影《飞吧,朋友们》(Up)致敬。飞行员将几十个气球绑在一艘飞艇上,这艘飞艇看起来很像2009年电影中的房子。然后,就像电影里的卡尔一样,特拉普把房子飘到了空中。他以这种方式在墨西哥旅行了几天。

Like at other festivals, the balloons come in different colors and shapes. Visitors might look up and see the Disney character Mickey Mouse. Or they might see a yellow smiley face, a giant heart, a space creature or a clown and zebra flying side by side.

和其他节日一样,气球有不同的颜色和形状。游客可能会抬头看到迪斯尼的卡通人物米老鼠。或者可能会看到一个黄色的笑脸,一个巨大的心脏,一个太空生物,或者一个小丑和斑马并排飞行。

Biggest in the World

世界上最大的气球节

The biggest hot air balloon festival in the world takes place in the American city of Albuquerque, New Mexico. It is called the Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta.

世界上最大的热气球节在美国新墨西哥州的阿尔伯克基举行。它被称为阿尔伯克基国际气球节。

Organizers of the event say more than 850,000 people attended the nine-day event this year. There were almost 600 balloons and 671 pilots from around the world.

活动组织者说,今年有85万多人参加了为期9天的活动。其中包括来自世界各地的近600个气球和671名飞行员。

The fiesta also appeals to photographers, both professional and amateur. It has long included a competition for best pictures of the celebration. That contest is named in honor of Cindy Petrehn, the official photographer of the Albuquerque festival until her death in 2013. Petrehn was also a balloon pilot herself. She captured images from and of hot air balloons all over the world.

嘉年华也吸引了专业和业余摄影师。长期以来,它一直包含着庆祝活动最佳照片的竞争。这项比赛以辛迪·彼得林的名字命名,她是阿尔布开克音乐节的官方摄影师,直到2013年去世。彼得林自己也是气球驾驶员。她拍摄了世界各地热气球的照片。

In this year's photography contest, Jeff Wamer won first prize for a picture that gives a look up and across the balloon field. In the image, a balloon in the shape of artist Vincent Van Gogh is seen floating. Just beyond is a balloon of Darth Vader from Star Wars and a balloon in the shape of a cow. They are among the many more traditional balloons in the sea-blue sky over the extraordinary Rio Grande Valley.

在今年的摄影比赛中,杰夫·威默获得了一等奖,他拍摄的一张照片让人看到了气球上的天空。在图片中,可以看到艺术家文森特·梵高形状的气球漂浮着。不远处是《星球大战》里达斯·维达的气球和一头奶牛形状的气球。在非凡的里约热内卢格兰德山谷的海蓝色天空中,它们是众多更传统的气球中的一个。

Balloon pilot Gary Michalek has been flying hot air balloons for 32 years and has been coming to the festival in Albuquerque for 20 years.

热气球驾驶员加里·米哈莱克驾驶热气球已经32年了,他参加阿尔伯克基的热气球节已经20余年了。

"Flying above the surface of the earth, like really close to the ground or high up, I mean, it's unique. You have few types of aviation where you can just float above the ground...."

“在地球表面飞行,可非常接近地面也可以飞得很高,我的意思是,这是独一无二的。几乎没有什么类型的飞机能让你浮在地面上……”

Fiesta operations director Sam Parks is proud of his work. "One of the things that I heard yesterday, which really touched my heart, was a young boy telling his mother, ‘This is the best day ever!

嘉年华运营总监山姆·帕克斯对自己的工作感到自豪。“昨天我听到的一件事真的触动了我的心,那就是一个小男孩对他的妈妈说:‘今天是最棒的一天!’

That, he added, "makes you feel like you're doing a good thing."

他补充说,这“让你觉得自己在做一件好事”。

I'm Ashley Thompson. And I'm Caty Weaver.

我是阿什利·汤普森。我是卡蒂·韦弗。

___________________________________________________

Words in This Story

aviation - n. the business or practice of flying airplanes, helicopters, etc.

festival - n. a special time or event when people gather to celebrate something

reflect - v. to show the image of (something) on a surface

dozen - n. a group of 12 people or things

amateur - n. a person who does something (such as a sport or hobby) for pleasure and not as a job

unique - adj. used to say that something or someone is unlike anything or anyone else

The path of human aviation is uneven and dangerous. But, from the ancient story of an English king killed in his attempt to fly with handmade wings to the launchings of rockets to the International Space Station, the desire for flight continues.

Some people think of the American brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright as the first pilots of the sky. In 1903, the two men made four brief flights in a powered plane in North Carolina.

But more than 100 years earlier, two Frenchmen were actually the first to float through the sky.

On November 21, 1783, Jean François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes got into a small open airboat. Above their heads, long ropes attached the craft to a huge hot air balloon. The balloon rose slowly, carrying its pilots over a public park in Paris.

In 1785, two other pilots flew a similar airship across the English Channel.

Although it never became a main form of transportation, balloon flight has stuck.

Today, hot air balloon fans celebrate the aircraft in festivals around the world. Hundreds of thousands recently attended the largest such event, held in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The León International Balloon Festival just closed in Mexico. Similar celebrations take place in Canada, France and Japan, to name a few. Today, we explore a few of these events.

In Saga, Japan, more than 100 balloons from about 20 countries take part in a five-day competition and celebration. Competitors are tested on flight control and other skills.

Balloons rise into the air from along the Kase River each day. Others are launched elsewhere, and can be seen in the air over homes and other buildings.

However, one of the most beautiful sights at the Saga International Balloon Festival happens after dark, during La Montgolfier Nocturne. Known as the Night Mooring in English, the event involves balloons lining up on the riverside. The balloons all light up at once from the firing of their burners. The result is an extensive, extraordinary glow, which is reflected in the river.

The balloon fiesta in Saga takes place yearly in early November.

The León International Balloon Festival

Next we travel to the central Mexican city of León. The yearly balloon celebration there is known as FIG, for Festival Internacional del Globo. The 2019 event took place from November 15-18.

The FIG is the biggest balloon festival in Latin America. About 200 hot air balloons and pilots from 15 different countries are involved. Hundreds of thousands of visitors attend.

The first FIG took place in 2002 with just 25 balloons. Its website says that year, the event "began the magic and the first experience of seeing this dream fly by painting the sky of León..."

At the 2014 FIG, American aviator Jonathan Trappe made history and paid respects to the beloved American film Up. The pilot attached dozens of balloons to an airboat that looked much like the house in the 2009 film. Then, just like the character Carl in the movie, Trappe floated the house up into the air. He traveled over Mexico that way for several days.

Like at other festivals, the balloons come in different colors and shapes. Visitors might look up and see the Disney character Mickey Mouse. Or they might see a yellow smiley face, a giant heart, a space creature or a clown and zebra flying side by side.

Biggest in the World

The biggest hot air balloon festival in the world takes place in the American city of Albuquerque, New Mexico. It is called the Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta.

Organizers of the event say more than 850,000 people attended the nine-day event this year. There were almost 600 balloons and 671 pilots from around the world.

The fiesta also appeals to photographers, both professional and amateur. It has long included a competition for best pictures of the celebration. That contest is named in honor of Cindy Petrehn, the official photographer of the Albuquerque festival until her death in 2013. Petrehn was also a balloon pilot herself. She captured images from and of hot air balloons all over the world.

In this year's photography contest, Jeff Wamer won first prize for a picture that gives a look up and across the balloon field. In the image, a balloon in the shape of artist Vincent Van Gogh is seen floating. Just beyond is a balloon of Darth Vader from Star Wars and a balloon in the shape of a cow. They are among the many more traditional balloons in the sea-blue sky over the extraordinary Rio Grande Valley.

Balloon pilot Gary Michalek has been flying hot air balloons for 32 years and has been coming to the festival in Albuquerque for 20 years.

"Flying above the surface of the earth, like really close to the ground or high up, I mean, it's unique. You have few types of aviation where you can just float above the ground...."

Fiesta operations director Sam Parks is proud of his work. "One of the things that I heard yesterday, which really touched my heart, was a young boy telling his mother, ‘This is the best day ever!'

That, he added, "makes you feel like you're doing a good thing."

I'm Ashley Thompson. And I'm Caty Weaver.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

aviation n. the business or practice of flying airplanes, helicopters, etc.

festival n. a special time or event when people gather to celebrate something

reflect v. to show the image of (something) on a surface

dozen n. a group of 12 people or things

amateur n. a person who does something (such as a sport or hobby) for pleasure and not as a job

unique adj. used to say that something or someone is unlike anything or anyone else


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