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VOA慢速英语:老年痴呆症调查研究

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New research suggests many older Americans may incorrectly estimate their chances for developing dementia.

新的研究表明,许多美国老年人可能错估了他们患痴呆症的机会。

Almost half of adults questioned believed they were likely to develop dementia. Signs of the condition include changes in personality and memory loss. Alzheimer's disease is one form of dementia.

几乎一半的被调查者认为他们有可能患上痴呆症。症状包括性格的改变和记忆的丧失。阿尔茨海默病是痴呆症的一种。

The research suggests many people did not understand the link between physical health and brain health or how racial differences could affect one's dementia risk.

研究表明,许多人并不了解身体健康和大脑健康之间的联系,也不知道种族差异会如何影响患痴呆症的风险。

A report on the study appeared in JAMA Neurology, a publication of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

一份关于这项研究的报告发表在《美国医学会神经病学杂志》上。

The survey was based on information from the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging. One thousand adults from across the United States completed an online questionnaire in October 2018. All the men and women were 50 to 64 years of age.

这项调查基于密歇根大学关于健康老龄化的全国民意调查。2018年10月,来自美国各地的1000名成年人完成了一份在线问卷。所有的男性和女性的年龄都在50到64岁之间。

Many subjects who rated their health as fair or poor thought their chances of developing dementia were low. At the same time, many who said they were in excellent health said they were likely to develop the disease.

许多认为自己健康状况一般或较差的受试者认为自己患痴呆症的几率很低。与此同时,许多自称健康状况良好的人表示,他们可能会患上这种疾病。

Many said they tried at least one of four unproven memory-protecting methods, including taking dietary supplements like fish oil and ginkgo. The most popular method for keeping the mind active was doing crossword puzzles.

许多人说,他们至少尝试了四种未经证实的记忆保护方法中的一种,包括服用鱼油和银杏等膳食补充剂。最流行的保持思维活跃的方法是做填字游戏。

Keith Fargo supervises research and outreach programs at the Alzheimer's Association, a not-for-profit group. He was not involved in the study. Fargo says there is strong evidence that activities more challenging than puzzles can help protect against dementia. He suggested activities such as playing chess, taking a class and reading about subjects not well-known to the reader.

基思·法戈(Keith Fargo)负责监督阿尔茨海默氏症协会(Alzheimer's Association)的研究和推广项目。他没有参与这项研究。法戈说,有强有力的证据表明,比智力游戏更具挑战性的活动有助于预防痴呆症。他建议参加一些活动,如下棋、上课和阅读一些读者不熟悉的内容。

Research has shown that regular exercise, a healthy diet, limiting alcohol and not smoking make dementia less likely. Supplements have not been shown to help.

研究表明,有规律的锻炼、健康的饮食、限制饮酒和不吸烟可以降低患痴呆症的可能性。没有证据表明补充剂有帮助。

Donovan Maust is the study's lead author and a geriatric psychiatrist at the University of Michigan. He said researchers have not done a good job of informing the public that "there really are things you can do to lower" the risk of dementia.

多诺万·马斯特(Donovan Maust)是这项研究的主要作者,也是密歇根大学(University of Michigan)的一位老年精神病学家。他说,研究人员在告知公众“确实有办法降低”患痴呆症的风险方面做得不好。

The online survey asked people to estimate their likelihood of developing dementia. It also asked whether they had ever discussed ways to prevent the condition with their doctor. Few people said they had.

这项在线调查要求人们估计自己患痴呆症的可能性。调查还询问了他们是否曾与医生讨论过预防这种疾病的方法。很少有人说他们有。

Maust said the survey results raise concerns because doctors can help people control high blood pressure and diabetes – two conditions often linked with dementia risk.

Maust说,这项调查的结果引起了人们的关注,因为医生可以帮助人们控制高血压和糖尿病,这两种疾病通常与痴呆症的风险有关。

Among those who said their physical health was only fair or poor, close to 40% thought they were at low risk for Alzheimer's disease or other dementia. Almost the same percentage rated their chances as likely even when they reported being in very good or excellent physical health.

在那些认为自己身体健康状况一般或较差的人中,近40%的人认为自己患阿尔茨海默病或其他痴呆症的风险较低。即使他们的身体状况非常好或非常棒,也有几乎相同比例的人认为他们成功的机会是可能的。

In the survey, more whites than blacks or Hispanics believed they were likely to develop dementia. But only 93 blacks were questioned, making it difficult to generalize for the U.S. population. Across the country, non-whites face higher risks for dementia than whites. The Alzheimer's group operates programs in black and Hispanic communities.

在调查中,白人比黑人或西班牙人更相信自己有可能患上痴呆症。但只有93名黑人接受了调查,因此很难对美国人口进行概括。在全国范围内,非白人比白人面临更高的痴呆症风险。阿尔茨海默氏症小组在黑人和西班牙裔社区开展项目。

Keith Fargo said, "There's lots of work to do ... to educate the public so they can take some actions to protect themselves."

基思·法戈说:“还有很多工作要做……例如教育公众,让他们可以采取一些行动来保护自己。”

The Alzheimer's Association reports that one in three older Americans die with Alzheimer's or other dementias. There are currently no medicines or medical treatments proven to prevent the condition. But some European studies have shown that healthy lifestyles may help prevent mental decline. The Alzheimer's Association is supporting similar research in the U.S.

阿尔茨海默氏症协会报告说,三分之一的美国老年人死于阿尔茨海默氏症或其他痴呆症。目前还没有药物或医疗手段可以预防这种疾病。但一些欧洲研究表明,健康的生活方式可能有助于防止智力下降。美国阿尔茨海默氏症协会也支持类似的研究。

I'm Jean Kelly.

我是吉恩·凯利。

___________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

challenging – adj. difficult in a way that is usually interesting or enjoyable

crossword puzzle – n. a puzzle in which words that are the answers to clues are written into a pattern of numbered squares that go across and down

geriatric – adj. of or relating to the process of growing old and the medical care of old people; of or relating to geriatrics

regular – adj. happening over and over again at the same time or in the same way : occurring every day, week, month, etc.

supplement – n. something that is added to something else in order to make it complete

New research suggests many older Americans may incorrectly estimate their chances for developing dementia.

Almost half of adults questioned believed they were likely to develop dementia. Signs of the condition include changes in personality and memory loss. Alzheimer's disease is one form of dementia.

The research suggests many people did not understand the link between physical health and brain health or how racial differences could affect one's dementia risk.

A report on the study appeared in JAMA Neurology, a publication of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The survey was based on information from the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging. One thousand adults from across the United States completed an online questionnaire in October 2018. All the men and women were 50 to 64 years of age.

Many subjects who rated their health as fair or poor thought their chances of developing dementia were low. At the same time, many who said they were in excellent health said they were likely to develop the disease.

Many said they tried at least one of four unproven memory-protecting methods, including taking dietary supplements like fish oil and ginkgo. The most popular method for keeping the mind active was doing crossword puzzles.

Keith Fargo supervises research and outreach programs at the Alzheimer's Association, a not-for-profit group. He was not involved in the study. Fargo says there is strong evidence that activities more challenging than puzzles can help protect against dementia. He suggested activities such as playing chess, taking a class and reading about subjects not well-known to the reader.

Research has shown that regular exercise, a healthy diet, limiting alcohol and not smoking make dementia less likely. Supplements have not been shown to help.

Donovan Maust is the study's lead author and a geriatric psychiatrist at the University of Michigan. He said researchers have not done a good job of informing the public that "there really are things you can do to lower" the risk of dementia.

The online survey asked people to estimate their likelihood of developing dementia. It also asked whether they had ever discussed ways to prevent the condition with their doctor. Few people said they had.

Maust said the survey results raise concerns because doctors can help people control high blood pressure and diabetes – two conditions often linked with dementia risk.

Among those who said their physical health was only fair or poor, close to 40% thought they were at low risk for Alzheimer's disease or other dementia. Almost the same percentage rated their chances as likely even when they reported being in very good or excellent physical health.

In the survey, more whites than blacks or Hispanics believed they were likely to develop dementia. But only 93 blacks were questioned, making it difficult to generalize for the U.S. population. Across the country, non-whites face higher risks for dementia than whites. The Alzheimer's group operates programs in black and Hispanic communities.

Keith Fargo said, "There's lots of work to do ... to educate the public so they can take some actions to protect themselves."

The Alzheimer's Association reports that one in three older Americans die with Alzheimer's or other dementias. There are currently no medicines or medical treatments proven to prevent the condition. But some European studies have shown that healthy lifestyles may help prevent mental decline. The Alzheimer's Association is supporting similar research in the U.S.

I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

___________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

challenging – adj. difficult in a way that is usually interesting or enjoyable

crossword puzzle – n. a puzzle in which words that are the answers to clues are written into a pattern of numbered squares that go across and down

geriatric – adj. of or relating to the process of growing old and the medical care of old people; of or relating to geriatrics

regular – adj. happening over and over again at the same time or in the same way : occurring every day, week, month, etc.

supplement – n. something that is added to something else in order to make it complete


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