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VOA慢速英语:PrEP药物可降低艾滋病风险

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HIV is the name for the human immunodeficiency virus. It can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, commonly known as AIDS.

HIV是人类免疫缺陷病毒的名字。这种病毒会导致获得性免疫缺陷综合症,俗称艾滋病。

The CDC says that white Americans at risk of getting HIV are seven times more likely than blacks or Hispanics to receive a drug shown to be effective at preventing infection. The drug is called PrEP. It has been shown to cut the risk of getting HIV through sex by as much as 99%.

美国疾病控制与预防中心说,美国白人感染艾滋病毒的风险是黑人或西班牙裔的七倍,他们服用一种被证明在预防感染方面有效的药物。这种药物被称为PrEP。它已经被证明可以将通过性行为感染艾滋病的风险降低99%。

The CDC says less than half of at-risk whites use the PrEP. It usually requires doctors' orders.

疾控中心表示,只有不到一半的高危白人使用这种预防药物,因为通常需要医生的指示。

The Trump administration recently announced a plan to provide PrEP free to Americans whose health insurance does not pay for prescription medicines.

特朗普政府最近宣布了一项计划,为那些医疗保险不支付处方药费用的美国人免费提供PrEP。

The medications, Truvada and Descovy, are made possible in part by a donation from the maker of the drugs, Gilead Sciences. The federal government is paying the manufacturer for several months to distribute the medications.

特鲁瓦达(Truvada)和德斯科维(Descovy)这两种药物之所以能够问世,部分原因是药物制造商吉利德科学(Gilead Sciences)的捐赠。联邦政府将支付制药商几个月的费用来分发这些药物。

Without insurance, one month of the drugs costs between $1,600 and $2,000.

若没有保险,一个月的药费在1600到2000美元之间。

CDC officials note that 40% of HIV infections involve people who do not know they have the virus. They urge everyone to get tested and those who test positive to take daily medications to control the virus.

疾控中心官员指出,40%的艾滋病毒感染者并不知道自己感染了这种病毒。他们敦促每个人都去做检测,那些检测呈阳性的人每天服用药物来控制病毒。

I'm Susan Shand.

我是苏珊·尚德。

_________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

epidemic – n. an outbreak of an illness that effects many people

insurance – n. a program by which a company or government agency provides a guarantee of payment for damages, sickness or death in exchange for payments by the person named in the policy

distribute – v. to give away or release

positive – adj. showing the presence or qualities of something

HIV is the name for the human immunodeficiency virus. It can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, commonly known as AIDS.

The CDC says that white Americans at risk of getting HIV are seven times more likely than blacks or Hispanics to receive a drug shown to be effective at preventing infection. The drug is called PrEP. It has been shown to cut the risk of getting HIV through sex by as much as 99%.

The CDC says less than half of at-risk whites use the PrEP. It usually requires doctors' orders.

The Trump administration recently announced a plan to provide PrEP free to Americans whose health insurance does not pay for prescription medicines.

The medications, Truvada and Descovy, are made possible in part by a donation from the maker of the drugs, Gilead Sciences. The federal government is paying the manufacturer for several months to distribute the medications.

Without insurance, one month of the drugs costs between $1,600 and $2,000.

CDC officials note that 40% of HIV infections involve people who do not know they have the virus. They urge everyone to get tested and those who test positive to take daily medications to control the virus.

I'm Susan Shand.

_________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

epidemic – n. an outbreak of an illness that effects many people

insurance – n. a program by which a company or government agency provides a guarantee of payment for damages, sickness or death in exchange for payments by the person named in the policy

distribute – v. to give away or release

positive – adj. showing the presence or qualities of something


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