VOA英语学习网 > 美国之音 > voa慢速英语 > 2019年VOA慢速英语 > Education Report >
缩小放大

VOA慢速英语:教育工作者和设计师期望改变传统的教室家具

关注 听力课堂微信 (tingclass123),回复voa,加入voa学习微信交流群。
[提示:]双击单词,即可查看词义!如果生词较多,请先学习:VOA慢速英语1500基础词汇
中英对照 听力原文

Educators, Designers Look to Change Traditional Classroom Furniture

教育工作者和设计师期望改变传统的教室家具

For much of the past hundred years, classrooms have been designed with the teacher seated in front of desks for students. The desks are almost always positioned in lines facing the teacher.

在过去的百年间大多数的时间教室被设计成教师坐在学生的课桌前面的样子。课桌几乎总是被排放成一行行地并面对着教师。

But many educators now say children can do better in a less structured learning environment. And designers have been providing spaces and seating to meet those suggestions.

但是现在很多教育工作者表示孩子们在不太结构化的学习环境中能够表现得更好。并且设计师们已经提供了空间和座位来满足这些建议。

Bob Pearlman works as an education consultant in the United States. He helps teachers and school administrators with educational planning and other issues. He told The Associated Press that traditional classrooms are a thing of the past. Now students work in “extended learning areas” that include project-planning rooms, workrooms, and laboratories, as well as learning spaces for groups and individuals.

鲍勃·皮尔曼是美国的一名教育咨询师。他帮助老师和学校管理者制定教育计划并解决其他问题。他告诉美联社传统的教师已经是一种老旧的事物了。现在学生在项目策划室、工作室、实验室以及为群体和个人设计的学习空间等“可延伸的学习区域”进行学习。

Pearlman points to Albemarle County Public Schools, in Charlottesville, Virginia. The school system invited teams from all its schools to develop learning spaces that would help students deal with complex ideas and work on creative building projects. Now, its elementary school classes have exchanged traditional desks for things like soft seating and connectable tables.

皮尔曼指的是维吉尼亚州夏洛茨维尔市阿尔伯马尔县公立学校。学校系统邀请其学校的所有团队去发展可帮助学生处理复杂的想法并致力于创造性建筑项目的学习空间。现在它的小学课程已经将传统的课桌改变成了柔软的座椅和连续的课桌这样的桌椅。

Another change to the design of classrooms is the ability to connect to the internet.

“Classrooms, libraries, and [laboratories] used to be the only spaces where students spent their school hours. Wireless, laptops and project learning have changed that,” Pearlman said. He noted that this has made all school spaces into possible extended learning areas.

教室设计的另外一个改变是链接网络的能力。“教室、图书馆和[实验室]曾经是学生度过学校时光的唯一一些场所。无线、笔记本电脑和项目学习已经改变了那种方式,”皮尔曼说。他指出这已经使得学校的空间变成了可能延伸的学习区域。

Jo Earp is with Teacher magazine, a publication of the nonprofit Australian Council for Educational Research. She notes that in the 1970s, American Robert Sommer was urging a critical look at traditional classroom designs. Sommer was a psychologist. He believed that in any given room, the lighting or heating will be better in some places than in others.

乔·厄普是在非营利性的澳大利亚教育研究理事会发行的《教师》杂志工作。她指出在20世纪70年代,美国罗伯特·萨默正在大力主张对传统的课堂设计持一种批判性的看法。萨默是一名心理学家。他认为在任何的房间里,一些地方的灯光或者热量比其他地方会更好。

Earp said that in addition to newer “freeform” classroom designs, some teachers can find good results with designs that combine new and old ideas. They could try lining up desks at the start of the year and then placing them in groups as the classroom relationships become clearer and project work begins.

厄普表示除了更新的“自由形式”的教室设计之外,一些教师能够找到将新旧思想结合的设计带来的好的结果。他们能够试着在年初的时候将课桌排放成一排排的然后当课堂关系变得更清晰和项目开始时候再将课桌按组排放。

Natural light, reduced outside noise and good air quality are all considerations in classroom design, says Aaron Jobson. He is with the Quattrocchi Kwok Architects in Santa Rosa, California.

亚伦·乔布森说自然光、降低室外噪音和良好的空气质量都是在教室设计中需要考虑的因。他加利福尼亚州圣罗莎的Quattrocchi Kwok Architects工作。

“More and more evidence connects the physical environment to learning outcomes,” Jobson said.

“越来越多的证据将物理环境与学习成果联系起来,”乔布森说。

New designs include glass walls inside buildings and doors that increase connectedness among students and create more open space for teachers.

新型的设计包括建筑内的玻璃墙和可增加学生间连接性并可为老师创造更多开放的空间的门。

A major supporter of nontraditional, explorative learning spaces is David Thornburg, who wrote the book “From the Campfire to the Holodeck.” He says schools should provide spaces based on how humans learn. That could mean one room is used in different ways at different times, or in different ways at the same time.

非传统探索性的学习空间的主要支持者是大卫·索恩伯格。他写了《从萤火到全息甲板》这本书。他说学校必须根据人类是如何学习的来提供学习空间。那可能意味着一个房间在不同时刻以不同形式呈现或者在同一时刻以不同形式呈现。

Loren Myers teaches at a public charter school in San Jose, California. She says redesigning traditional schools can be costly, and teachers do not have big budgets. So she noted that many teachers get creative with what little money they have to create a specially designed classroom.

洛伦·迈尔斯在加利福尼亚州圣何塞市的一所公立特许学校教学。她说重新设计传统学校可能会花费巨大,并且老师没有高额的预算。所以她指出很多教师用他们拥有的极少数的钱来变得富有创造性从而营造一个特殊设计的教室。

In her class, Myers set up a space where students can calm down and a special workplace for students who demonstrate good behavior.

在她的课上,迈尔斯建立起来一个学生可以平静下来的空间和为表现良好的学生提供的一个特殊的场所。

Over the years, famous designers have lent their abilities to school furniture — among them, Jean Prouve, Alvar Aalto and Arne Jacobsen. Today, classroom furniture includes all kinds of seating, with work tables of different heights.

多年来,著名的设计师们把他们的能力运用到了学校的家具上-其中包括吉恩·普拉夫、阿尔瓦·阿尔托和阿恩·雅各布森。现在,教室家具包括各种座位以及不同高度课桌。

Imagine Charter Schools, which operates schools in nine U.S. states, offers colorful seating that turns in different directions and other soft seating. Montessori schools have soft lighting similar to home environments, and simpler furniture than traditional classrooms.

在美国九个州都运营学校的想象特许学校提供多彩的可转向不同方向的座位以及其他柔软的座位。蒙台梭利学校设有与家庭环境相似的柔和的灯光以及比传统教室更简单的家具。

Marianne Box is a design specialist at school-furniture maker Hertz Furniture, in Ramsey, New Jersey. She says movable pieces are big sellers at the company. They are designed to help control children’s energy levels, and give them places to center their attention.

玛丽安·博克斯是新泽西州拉姆齐学校家具制造商赫兹家具的一名设计专家。她说可移动的部件是该公司的热卖产品。他们被设计成可帮助控制孩子们能量水平并且给他们可集中注意力的地方。

Self-contained study areas have power supplies for computers, footrests and armrests.

设备齐全的学习区域有供电脑、搁脚物和座位扶手充电的设备。

Teacher Loren Myers loves that designers are coming up with more seating choices for young students.

教师洛伦·迈尔斯喜欢设计师想出更多可供年轻学生选择的座位。

“Children shouldn’t be expected to sit still in a chair for more than 20 minutes at a time,” she says. “Sometimes it’s as simple as switching where and how you sit that can set the tone for the rest of your day.”

她说:“不应该指望孩子们安静地坐在椅子上一次超过20分钟。”“有时候只需简单地改变你所坐的位置或者坐下的方式便可设定你一天中剩余时光的氛围。”

I’m Pete Musto.

皮特·穆萨托为您报道。

Educators, Designers Look to Change Traditional Classroom Furniture

For much of the past hundred years, classrooms have been designed with the teacher seated in front of desks for students. The desks are almost always positioned in lines facing the teacher.

But many educators now say children can do better in a less structured learning environment. And designers have been providing spaces and seating to meet those suggestions.

Bob Pearlman works as an education consultant in the United States. He helps teachers and school administrators with educational planning and other issues. He told The Associated Press that traditional classrooms are a thing of the past. Now students work in “extended learning areas” that include project-planning rooms, workrooms, and laboratories, as well as learning spaces for groups and individuals.

Pearlman points to Albemarle County Public Schools, in Charlottesville, Virginia. The school system invited teams from all its schools to develop learning spaces that would help students deal with complex ideas and work on creative building projects. Now, its elementary school classes have exchanged traditional desks for things like soft seating and connectable tables.

Another change to the design of classrooms is the ability to connect to the internet.

“Classrooms, libraries, and [laboratories] used to be the only spaces where students spent their school hours. Wireless, laptops and project learning have changed that,” Pearlman said. He noted that this has made all school spaces into possible extended learning areas.

Jo Earp is with Teacher magazine, a publication of the nonprofit Australian Council for Educational Research. She notes that in the 1970s, American Robert Sommer was urging a critical look at traditional classroom designs. Sommer was a psychologist. He believed that in any given room, the lighting or heating will be better in some places than in others.

Earp said that in addition to newer “freeform” classroom designs, some teachers can find good results with designs that combine new and old ideas. They could try lining up desks at the start of the year and then placing them in groups as the classroom relationships become clearer and project work begins.

Natural light, reduced outside noise and good air quality are all considerations in classroom design, says Aaron Jobson. He is with the Quattrocchi Kwok Architects in Santa Rosa, California.

“More and more evidence connects the physical environment to learning outcomes,” Jobson said.

New designs include glass walls inside buildings and doors that increase connectedness among students and create more open space for teachers.

A major supporter of nontraditional, explorative learning spaces is David Thornburg, who wrote the book “From the Campfire to the Holodeck.” He says schools should provide spaces based on how humans learn. That could mean one room is used in different ways at different times, or in different ways at the same time.

Loren Myers teaches at a public charter school in San Jose, California. She says redesigning traditional schools can be costly, and teachers do not have big budgets. So she noted that many teachers get creative with what little money they have to create a specially designed classroom.

In her class, Myers set up a space where students can calm down and a special workplace for students who demonstrate good behavior.

Over the years, famous designers have lent their abilities to school furniture — among them, Jean Prouve, Alvar Aalto and Arne Jacobsen. Today, classroom furniture includes all kinds of seating, with work tables of different heights.

Imagine Charter Schools, which operates schools in nine U.S. states, offers colorful seating that turns in different directions and other soft seating. Montessori schools have soft lighting similar to home environments, and simpler furniture than traditional classrooms.

Marianne Box is a design specialist at school-furniture maker Hertz Furniture, in Ramsey, New Jersey. She says movable pieces are big sellers at the company. They are designed to help control children’s energy levels, and give them places to center their attention.

Self-contained study areas have power supplies for computers, footrests and armrests.

Teacher Loren Myers loves that designers are coming up with more seating choices for young students.

“Children shouldn’t be expected to sit still in a chair for more than 20 minutes at a time,” she says. “Sometimes it’s as simple as switching where and how you sit that can set the tone for the rest of your day.”

I’m Pete Musto.

 


内容来自 VOA英语学习网https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8746-241795-1.html
Related Articles
内容推荐