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VOA慢速英语:教授写作与教授阅读同样重要吗?

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Is Teaching Writing As Important As Teaching Reading?

教授写作与教授阅读同样重要吗?

When educators think of literacy -- the ability to read and write -- they often place more importance on students' abilities to read and fully understand a piece of writing.

当教育工作者想到读写能力(literacy即读和写的能力)时,他们通常会将学生读并充分理解一篇文章的能力放在更重要的位置。

But experts say critical and creative writing skills are equally important. And, they say, they are too often overlooked in the classroom.

但是专家表示批判性和创造性的写作技巧也同样重要。并且他们说它们往往在课堂中被忽视。

Compared to reading, writing is more active. It helps students be independent thinkers, take ownership of their stories and ideas and communicate them clearly to others, says Elyse Eidman-Aadahl. She heads the National Writing Project, which offers help for teachers who want to push students to write more.

与阅读相比,写作时思维更活跃。它帮助学生成为独立的思考者,成为他们的故事和思想的主人,并将它们与其他人清晰地交流,Elyse Eidman-Aadahl说。她指导了国家写作项目,该项目为想促进学生更多地写作的老师提供帮助。

Eidman-Aadahl said, "Unless we want an education system just focused on making people consumers and not focused on helping them be producers, this emphasis on reading only -- which does happen in so many places -- is very short-sighted."

Eidman-Aadahl说,“除非我们想建立一个仅仅致力于让人们成为消费者而不是致力于帮助他们成为生产者的教育系统,要不然这种在如此多的地方存在的只注重阅读能力的方式是很短见的。”

She said students' writing work now usually centers on examining a text, instead of presenting a new idea. Writing, she said, should be "the central thing you're learning. Not writing on a test, not writing to demonstrate you're learning what someone has taught you...."

她说现在学生的写作过程总是围绕着测试一篇文章上而非展现一种新思想而展开。她说写作必须是你正在学习的最中心的事物。而非在一场测试中的写作,也不是集中在你正在学习的某人所教授给你的东西上。

Teaching reading together with writing improves both skills, says Rebecca Wallace-Segall, who heads a New York City writing center, Writopia Lab.

纽约市写作中心Writopia Lab的负责人Rebecca Wallace-Segall表示将写作和阅读结合起来教授可同时提高两种技能。

She said writing affects a person's ability to read. More than 90 percent of young people in the Writopia program do not trust their writing abilities when they start, Wallace-Segall said.

她说写作影响一个人的阅读能力。 Wallace-Segall说,Writopia项目中90%以上的年轻人刚开始的时候都并不信任他们的写作能力。

But she said they learn to enjoy the writing process and become more effective readers, too.

但是她说他们学习享受写作过程并且也变成更高效的阅读者。

Eidman-Aadahl said employers today seek workers "all the time" who can write well. Digital tools increasingly mean that people are "interacting with the internet through writing," she said.

Eidman-Aadahl说现在的雇主一直在寻找写作能力很好的员工。数字工具越来越意味着人们需要通过写作用互联网互动,她说。

Young people are already writing all the time -- through text messages, emails and on social media.

年轻人已经一直在通过短信,邮件以及在社交媒体上进行写作过程。

Eidman-Aadahl said every young person today is a writer if they are connected to the internet. So, she added, "we have to help them do it in the best, most responsible, critical, prosocial way."

Eidman-Aadahl表示现在的每位年轻人都是一名作家,如果他们与互联网有关联。所以她补充道我们必须以一种最好的、最负责仁的、最具批判性和最亲社会的方式帮助他们做到这一点。

Supporters of writing-centered teaching add that writing empowers young people.

以写作为中心的教学方法的支持者补充道写作可赋予年轻人能力。

"When students own their voices and tell their stories, they become not only stronger and more confident writers, but also stronger and more confident individuals," says Ali Haider. He is director of the Austin Bat Cave, a creative writing center in Austin, Texas.

“当学生拥有他们自己的声音并讲述他们的故事时,他们不仅能变成更强大更自信的作家,而且还能变成更强大更自信的个体,”Ali Haider说。他在位于德克萨斯州奥斯汀的一个创造性写作中心Austin Bat Cave担任主席。

Wallace-Segall said that writing also helps students work through difficulties they face in life. Writing lets them work through their problems "subconsciously," she said.

Wallace-Segall表示写作也能帮助学生度过他们生活中面临的困难。写作让他们潜意识地度过他们的问题,她说。

"They're not writing a story about a difficult father or directly about a bully in class, but they are creating a fictional scenario that might feel distant enough for them to go deep into it."

“他们不是在写关于一个难相处的父亲的故事,也不是直接写关于一个在课堂上横行霸道的人的故事,反而他们正在创造一种虚构的故事情节,那可能会让他们觉得有足够的空间去深入研究。”

Teaching students to write well can have an effect on the larger world, notes Dara Dukes. She leads Deep Center, an organization in Savannah, Georgia that works with young writers to share their stories with policymakers, judges, politicians and police officers.

达拉·杜克斯指出,教学生写得好会对更大的世界产生影响。她是位于佐治亚州萨凡纳的一个组织Deep Center的负责人。该组织与年轻作家合作来与决策者、法官、政治家和警官分享他们的故事。

Dukes said, "...Those adults can see that the stories they're telling themselves about those young people are often wrong and doing a lot of harm in the world."

杜克斯说,“……那些成年人能够看到他们自述的关于那些年轻人的故事通常是错误的并且在世界上造成了很多伤害。”

I'm Ashley Thompson.

阿什利·汤普森为您报道。

Is Teaching Writing As Important As Teaching Reading?

When educators think of literacy -- the ability to read and write -- they often place more importance on students' abilities to read and fully understand a piece of writing.

But experts say critical and creative writing skills are equally important. And, they say, they are too often overlooked in the classroom.

Compared to reading, writing is more active. It helps students be independent thinkers, take ownership of their stories and ideas and communicate them clearly to others, says Elyse Eidman-Aadahl. She heads the National Writing Project, which offers help for teachers who want to push students to write more.

Eidman-Aadahl said, "Unless we want an education system just focused on making people consumers and not focused on helping them be producers, this emphasis on reading only -- which does happen in so many places -- is very short-sighted."

She said students' writing work now usually centers on examining a text, instead of presenting a new idea. Writing, she said, should be "the central thing you're learning. Not writing on a test, not writing to demonstrate you're learning what someone has taught you...."

Teaching reading together with writing improves both skills, says Rebecca Wallace-Segall, who heads a New York City writing center, Writopia Lab.

She said writing affects a person's ability to read. More than 90 percent of young people in the Writopia program do not trust their writing abilities when they start, Wallace-Segall said.

But she said they learn to enjoy the writing process and become more effective readers, too.

Eidman-Aadahl said employers today seek workers "all the time" who can write well. Digital tools increasingly mean that people are "interacting with the internet through writing," she said.

Young people are already writing all the time -- through text messages, emails and on social media.

Eidman-Aadahl said every young person today is a writer if they are connected to the internet. So, she added, "we have to help them do it in the best, most responsible, critical, prosocial way."

Supporters of writing-centered teaching add that writing empowers young people.

"When students own their voices and tell their stories, they become not only stronger and more confident writers, but also stronger and more confident individuals," says Ali Haider. He is director of the Austin Bat Cave, a creative writing center in Austin, Texas.

Wallace-Segall said that writing also helps students work through difficulties they face in life. Writing lets them work through their problems "subconsciously," she said.

"They're not writing a story about a difficult father or directly about a bully in class, but they are creating a fictional scenario that might feel distant enough for them to go deep into it."

Teaching students to write well can have an effect on the larger world, notes Dara Dukes. She leads Deep Center, an organization in Savannah, Georgia that works with young writers to share their stories with policymakers, judges, politicians and police officers.

Dukes said, "...Those adults can see that the stories they're telling themselves about those young people are often wrong and doing a lot of harm in the world."

I'm Ashley Thompson.


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