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VOA慢速英语:美国运动队采用高科技帮助运动员从损伤中修复

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US Sports Teams Use High-Tech Treatments to Reduce Injuries

美国运动队采用高科技治疗来减少损伤

One of the biggest struggles for professional sports teams is finding ways to keep their players from getting injured. Major injuries can greatly affect a team's overall success and profitability.

困扰专业运动队最大的问题就是找到让他们的运动员免受损伤的方法。 严重损伤会很大程度上影响一个团队整体的成功和盈利。

One team that has suffered many injuries in recent years is the Washington Redskins of the National Football League, or NFL. During the past two seasons, the Redskins lost more players to injury than any other NFL team.

近几年受到损伤最多的一个队是国家橄榄球联盟(NFL)的华盛顿红人队。在过去两季中,红人队因受伤而损失的球员比其他任何一支NFL球队都多。

Washington officials say they have learned that reacting to an injury after it happens is not good enough. They are now attempting to lower the risk of players getting injured in the first place.

华盛顿官员说,他们已经了解到对受伤后的反应是不够好的。他们现在正试图将降低球员受伤的风险放在第一位。

With this goal in mind, the team's trainers are now offering players treatments that use technology-based sports medicine.

考虑到这个目标,球队的教练现在正在向球员提供高科技运动药物治疗。

Redskins head trainer Larry Hess showed off some of the high-tech equipment recently to a reporter who visited the team's headquarters in Ashburn, Virginia.

红人队的主教练拉里·赫斯最近向参观该球队维吉尼亚州阿什本总部的一名记者展示了一些高科技设备。

Hess says the treatments are aimed at strengthening the body as a whole.

赫斯说,治疗的目的是在整体上加强(队员的)身体素质。

“There are things in here that are setting their body up to perform better in the weight room, to perform better in their meetings mentally,” he said. “Mental preparedness - that's where our advantage is.”

“这里有一些东西可以让他们的身体在健身房表现得更好,在他们的会议上精神状态更佳,”他说“精神方面的准备是我们的优势所在。”

Hess said an important part of the injury prevention program involves something that many people struggle with – getting enough sleep and relaxation.

赫斯说避免损伤项目非常重要的一部分是很多人都在努力解决的问题,即得到足够的睡眠和充分的放松。

Hess said he learned a lot about this idea while visiting several English Premier League football clubs. He said the clubs told him they consider quality sleep a huge part of keeping players healthy and injury free.

赫斯说他在他拜访几个英超联盟足球俱乐部时了解了很多关于这个想法的东西。他说俱乐部里的人告诉他,他们认为高质量的睡眠在使运动员保持身体健康和免受损伤方面起着很大一部分作用。

The Redskins decided to partner with Bedgear, a New York-based company that works with other U.S. sports teams. Bedgear sells products it describes as “performance bedding.” Its specially-designed beds and pillows are made to provide strong neck and back support for better sleep. The products are also designed to moderate sleeping temperatures.

红人队决定与总部位于纽约且与其他美国运动队有合作关系的公司Bedgear成为合作伙伴。Bedgear售卖一种自称作“性能卧具”的产品。它的经过特殊设计的床和枕头能够给脖子和背部提供强有力的支撑而有利于更好的睡眠。该产品也被设计成可调节睡眠时的温度。

Team officials say the bedding products combined with other methods are helping the team make progress in fighting injuries. Hess noted that the Redskins were able to reduce soft-tissue injuries, such as damage to muscles, by more than 50 percent last season.

领队表示卧具产品结合其他方法正在帮助这个队在对抗损伤方面有了好的进展。赫斯指出,上一季红人队减少超过一半的软组织损伤率,例如肌肉的损伤。

The team now operates a “recovery room” at its Ashburn training center. The room is always open and a place for players to rest up after a physical workout.

该队在它的阿什本训练中心制备了一间“修复室”。这个房间总是开放的,可为运动员在进行身体训练之后提供一个休息的地方。

After a game, there is a three-part “restoration” process. It starts with the player spending at least 12 minutes lying down inside a large covered machine. The device uses three kinds of infrared light to help repair cells all over the body. Hess said that studies have shown it is good for helping players regain strength and recover better from intense weight room workouts.

一场比赛过后,需要三个部分的“修复”过程。首先运动员需要在一个大型的有盖机器里躺至少12分钟。该设备使用三种红外线帮助修缮全身的细胞。赫斯说研究显示这对帮助球员从剧烈的负重训练中恢复体力和更好地复原是有好处的

The next step involves cryotherapy, in which the body is put inside equipment that produces extreme cold. During the treatment, a player can feel like he is having difficulty breathing because the cold tricks the body into sending blood to major organs to survive. There have been studies linking cryotherapy to improved and faster recoveries from sports injuries.

下一步包括冷冻疗法。这一步是将身体置于极度寒冷的设备内。在这个治疗过程中,一名球员可能会感到呼吸困难,因为寒冷会导致身体将血液输送到主要器官以生存下来。有研究将冷冻疗法与改善和加速从运动损伤中恢复联系起来。

In the third part of the treatment process, a player enters a large tank filled with water mixed with 450 kilograms of salt. He floats in the water and salt mixture in complete darkness, usually with soft music playing. The experience is designed to temporarily reduce the player's sensitivity to help him reach a state of total relaxation.

治疗过程的第三步,球员进入一个装满含有450千克盐的水的大型箱子中。他会在完全黑暗的环境中在水和盐混合物中漂浮起来,并且通常会播放柔和的音乐。这种体验被设计来暂时减轻球员的感觉来帮助他达到一种全身放松的状态。

Hess said the floating experience is supposed to recreate the weightless feeling of a baby still inside its mother. “It's an amazing experience,” he said. He added that the feeling can be compared to floating in the Dead Sea.

赫斯说,漂浮的经历应当是重新创造婴儿仍然在母体内失重的感觉。“这是一个令人惊奇的经历,”他说。他补充说,这种感觉可以比作漂浮在死海中。

“Our goal is to get them to that pre-sleep state to shut their body down,” Hess said. “It will lower their heart rate. The temperature of the water replicates your body temperature. Really we're taking all sensation out.”

“我们的目标是让他们进入睡眠前状态,从而使他们全身处于休息状态,”赫斯说.。他说:“这会减低他们的心率。水的温度可以复制你的体温。真的,我们把所有的感觉都消除了。”

Redskins head coach Jay Gruden says the players choose which treatments they want to use. He has spent time in the recovery room himself and liked the results.

红人队主教练杰伊·格鲁登说,球员们会选择他们想要哪种治疗方法。他自己也曾在康复室呆过一段时间,他很喜欢这个结果。

Gruden says he believes the treatments can provide his players with yet another way to help their bodies recover and prevent injuries for years to come. “Even if it gives them a mental state of mind where, ‘Hey, I feel pretty good,' then let's give them every avenue to feel that way,”he said.

格鲁登说,他相信这些治疗可以为他的球员提供另一种方法来帮助他们的身体恢复,并在未来的几年里防止受伤。他说:“即使这给了他们一种心理状态,‘嘿,我感觉很好’,那么让我们给他们提供每个可以让他们有那种感觉的途径吧”他说。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

布赖恩·林恩 为您报道。

US Sports Teams Use High-Tech Treatments to Reduce Injuries

One of the biggest struggles for professional sports teams is finding ways to keep their players from getting injured. Major injuries can greatly affect a team's overall success and profitability.

One team that has suffered many injuries in recent years is the Washington Redskins of the National Football League, or NFL. During the past two seasons, the Redskins lost more players to injury than any other NFL team.

Washington officials say they have learned that reacting to an injury after it happens is not good enough. They are now attempting to lower the risk of players getting injured in the first place.

With this goal in mind, the team's trainers are now offering players treatments that use technology-based sports medicine.

Redskins head trainer Larry Hess showed off some of the high-tech equipment recently to a reporter who visited the team's headquarters in Ashburn, Virginia.

Hess says the treatments are aimed at strengthening the body as a whole.

“There are things in here that are setting their body up to perform better in the weight room, to perform better in their meetings mentally,” he said. “Mental preparedness - that's where our advantage is.”

Hess said an important part of the injury prevention program involves something that many people struggle with – getting enough sleep and relaxation.

Hess said he learned a lot about this idea while visiting several English Premier League football clubs. He said the clubs told him they consider quality sleep a huge part of keeping players healthy and injury free.

The Redskins decided to partner with Bedgear, a New York-based company that works with other U.S. sports teams. Bedgear sells products it describes as “performance bedding.” Its specially-designed beds and pillows are made to provide strong neck and back support for better sleep. The products are also designed to moderate sleeping temperatures.

Team officials say the bedding products combined with other methods are helping the team make progress in fighting injuries. Hess noted that the Redskins were able to reduce soft-tissue injuries, such as damage to muscles, by more than 50 percent last season.

The team now operates a “recovery room” at its Ashburn training center. The room is always open and a place for players to rest up after a physical workout.

After a game, there is a three-part “restoration” process. It starts with the player spending at least 12 minutes lying down inside a large covered machine. The device uses three kinds of infrared light to help repair cells all over the body. Hess said that studies have shown it is good for helping players regain strength and recover better from intense weight room workouts.

The next step involves cryotherapy, in which the body is put inside equipment that produces extreme cold. During the treatment, a player can feel like he is having difficulty breathing because the cold tricks the body into sending blood to major organs to survive. There have been studies linking cryotherapy to improved and faster recoveries from sports injuries.

In the third part of the treatment process, a player enters a large tank filled with water mixed with 450 kilograms of salt. He floats in the water and salt mixture in complete darkness, usually with soft music playing. The experience is designed to temporarily reduce the player's sensitivity to help him reach a state of total relaxation.

Hess said the floating experience is supposed to recreate the weightless feeling of a baby still inside its mother. “It's an amazing experience,” he said. He added that the feeling can be compared to floating in the Dead Sea.

“Our goal is to get them to that pre-sleep state to shut their body down,” Hess said. “It will lower their heart rate. The temperature of the water replicates your body temperature. Really we're taking all sensation out.”

Redskins head coach Jay Gruden says the players choose which treatments they want to use. He has spent time in the recovery room himself and liked the results.

Gruden says he believes the treatments can provide his players with yet another way to help their bodies recover and prevent injuries for years to come. “Even if it gives them a mental state of mind where, ‘Hey, I feel pretty good,' then let's give them every avenue to feel that way,”he said.

I'm Bryan Lynn.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

professional – adj. related to connected to a job

advantage – n. something that will help someone succeed at something

relaxation – n. the loss of tension in the body

pillow – n. a soft support for the head of someone lying down

restoration – n. the act of repairing or bringing something back

amazing – adj. causing wonder or surprise

replicate – v. do something again in exactly the same way

avenue – n. a possible way of doing something


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