VOA英语学习网 > 美国之音 > voa慢速英语 > 2019年VOA慢速英语 > Technology Report >
缩小放大

VOA慢速英语:在智能手机上打字速度有多快?

[提示:]双击单词,即可查看词义!如果生词较多,请先学习:VOA慢速英语1500基础词汇
中英对照 听力原文

Many Americans use smartphones for most or all of their day-to-day communication activities. One result is that people have gotten faster and better at typing emails and text messages on their phones.

许多美国人使用智能手机进行大部分或全部日常交流活动。结果是,人们在手机上输入电子邮件和短信的速度更快、效果更好。

But how fast are we at using an electronic device compared to typing words on a traditional, physical keyboard? A new study has some answers. A team of researchers carried out an experiment. It involved more than 37,000 volunteers from over 160 countries.

但是,与在传统物理键盘上打字相比,我们使用电子设备的速度有多快呢?一项新的研究给出了一些答案。一组研究人员进行了一项实验。来自160多个国家的3万7千多名志愿者参加了这次活动。

The study was a project of researchers from Finland's Aalto University, England's University of Cambridge and ETH Zurich, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. They used an Internet-based system to test the typing speed of people on their smartphones.

这项研究是由芬兰阿尔托大学、英国剑桥大学和瑞士联邦理工学院苏黎世联邦理工学院的研究人员共同完成的。他们使用一个基于互联网的系统来测试人们在智能手机上的打字速度。

On average, the volunteers estimated they spent about six hours a day using their phones. The majority said they used two thumbs to write messages. Both Android and iPhone users were tested, and most said they used the device's standard keyboard.

志愿者们平均每天花在手机上的时间约为6小时。大多数人表示他们用两个拇指写信息。安卓和iPhone用户都接受了此项测试,大多数人说他们使用的是该设备的标准键盘。

The volunteers were given 15 English sentences to type out on their phones "as quickly and accurately as possible." The research team found that on average, people wrote about 36 words per minute. Those tested made a typing mistake 2.3 percent of the time.

志愿者被要求用手机打出15个英语句子,同时“越快越好,越准确越好”。研究小组发现,人们平均每分钟写36个字。被测试者犯打字错误的几率为2.3%。

The researchers noted that 36 words per minute is about 25 percent slower than the average rate for people using a computer keyboard. In a 2018 University of Cambridge study, the average speed for computer typists was about 52 words per minute.

研究人员指出,每分钟36个单词的速度比使用电脑键盘平均速度慢25%。在2018年剑桥大学的一项研究中,电脑打字员的平均速度约为每分钟52个单词。

The researchers noted one reason for the narrowing of speed rates between smartphones and computers. They said people have become slower at typing on keyboards over the years.

研究人员指出了智能手机和电脑之间速度差距变小的一个原因。他们说,这些年来,人们在键盘上打字的速度变慢了。

Seventy-five percent of those taking part in the study had typing speeds below 44 words per minute. But the fastest phone typists reached speeds of over 80 words per minute.

75%的参与者打字速度低于每分钟44个单词。但是最快的手机打字速度达到了每分钟80个字。

The published results show there was no difference between males and females in the typing speeds.

发表的结果表明,男性和女性在打字速度上没有差异。

Subjects who reported using two thumbs or two fingers reached speeds of 38 words per minute. Those who said they used only one finger typed 29 words per minute.

使用两个拇指或两个手指的受试者速度为每分钟38个单词。而那些只用一根手指打字的人每分钟能打29个字。

Among age groups, the fastest typists on an electronic device were between 10 and 19 years old. They typed nearly 40 words per minute. People aged 40 to 49 wrote about 29 words per minute. And the rate dropped to 26 words per minute for those aged 50 to 59.

在不同年龄组中,使用电子设备打字速度最快的是10到19岁之间的测试人群。他们每分钟打将近40个单词。年龄在40到49岁之间的人每分钟写大约29个单词。而对于年龄在50到59岁之间的人来说,这一比率降到了每分钟26个单词。

Reaction to the findings

反思研究结果

Anna Feit, a researcher at ETH Zurich, helped lead the study. She said it makes sense that younger people have higher typing speeds because they generally spend a lot more time on their devices.

苏黎世联邦理工学院的研究员安娜·费特协助组织这项研究。她说,年轻人打字速度更快是有道理的,因为他们通常会花更多时间在手机上。

"Such a large amount of experience transfers to the development of typing skill," Feit said. "And explains why young people - who spend more time with social media, communicating with each other - are picking up higher speeds."

费特表示:“如此大量的经验转移到了打字技能的发展上。”“这也解释了为什么年轻人——他们花更多的时间在社交媒体上,与他人交流——正在加快网速。”

The researchers also found that a phone's automatic correct tool can be extremely helpful. Users were able to type faster than those without the correct tool. But word prediction tools were not very helpful to users in the experiment, noted Aalto University researcher Sunjun Kim.

研究人员还发现,手机的自动纠错工具非常有用。拥有只能纠正设备的用户打字更快。但是阿尔托大学的研究员金孙军指出,在实验中,单词预测工具对用户并没有太大帮助。

"The given understanding is that techniques like word completion help people," Kim said. "But what we found out is that the time spent thinking about the word suggestions often outweighs the tme it would take you to type the letters, making you slower overall."

金姆表示:“人们认为,像填字这样的技术可以帮助人们。”“但我们发现,花在思考设备给出单词建议上的时间通常会超过你打字所花的时间,这让你打字的整体速度变慢。”

The researchers call the difference between typing words on a smartphone and a physical keyboard "the typing gap." They predict this gap will further narrow in the future as people get less skilled with keyboards and as smart methods for typing on devices continue to improve.

研究人员称在智能手机上打字和在实体键盘上打字的区别为“打字差距”。他们预测,随着人们对键盘的熟练程度越来越低,以及在设备上打字的智能方法不断改进,未来这一差距将进一步缩小。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

我是布莱恩·林恩。

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

type– v. write out letters on a keyboard

keyboard– n. a set of keys on a computer that a user presses to make it work

standard – adj. usual and not special

accurate– adj. correct or exact

per– prep. for each

transfer– v. to move from one thing to another

automatic – adj. happening as part of a normal process or system

gap– n. the difference between groups or situations

Many Americans use smartphones for most or all of their day-to-day communication activities. One result is that people have gotten faster and better at typing emails and text messages on their phones.

But how fast are we at using an electronic device compared to typing words on a traditional, physical keyboard? A new study has some answers. A team of researchers carried out an experiment. It involved more than 37,000 volunteers from over 160 countries.

The study was a project of researchers from Finland's Aalto University, England's University of Cambridge and ETH Zurich, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. They used an Internet-based system to test the typing speed of people on their smartphones.

On average, the volunteers estimated they spent about six hours a day using their phones. The majority said they used two thumbs to write messages. Both Android and iPhone users were tested, and most said they used the device's standard keyboard.

The volunteers were given 15 English sentences to type out on their phones "as quickly and accurately as possible." The research team found that on average, people wrote about 36 words per minute. Those tested made a typing mistake 2.3 percent of the time.

The researchers noted that 36 words per minute is about 25 percent slower than the average rate for people using a computer keyboard. In a 2018 University of Cambridge study, the average speed for computer typists was about 52 words per minute.

The researchers noted one reason for the narrowing of speed rates between smartphones and computers. They said people have become slower at typing on keyboards over the years.

Seventy-five percent of those taking part in the study had typing speeds below 44 words per minute. But the fastest phone typists reached speeds of over 80 words per minute.

The published results show there was no difference between males and females in the typing speeds.

Subjects who reported using two thumbs or two fingers reached speeds of 38 words per minute. Those who said they used only one finger typed 29 words per minute.

Among age groups, the fastest typists on an electronic device were between 10 and 19 years old. They typed nearly 40 words per minute. People aged 40 to 49 wrote about 29 words per minute. And the rate dropped to 26 words per minute for those aged 50 to 59.

Reaction to the findings

Anna Feit, a researcher at ETH Zurich, helped lead the study. She said it makes sense that younger people have higher typing speeds because they generally spend a lot more time on their devices.

"Such a large amount of experience transfers to the development of typing skill," Feit said. "And explains why young people - who spend more time with social media, communicating with each other - are picking up higher speeds."

The researchers also found that a phone's automatic correct tool can be extremely helpful. Users were able to type faster than those without the correct tool. But word prediction tools were not very helpful to users in the experiment, noted Aalto University researcher Sunjun Kim.

"The given understanding is that techniques like word completion help people," Kim said. "But what we found out is that the time spent thinking about the word suggestions often outweighs the time it would take you to type the letters, making you slower overall."

The researchers call the difference between typing words on a smartphone and a physical keyboard "the typing gap." They predict this gap will further narrow in the future as people get less skilled with keyboards and as smart methods for typing on devices continue to improve.

I'm Bryan Lynn.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

type – v. write out letters on a keyboard

keyboard – n. a set of keys on a computer that a user presses to make it work

standard – adj. usual and not special

accurate – adj. correct or exact

per – prep. for each

transfer – v. to move from one thing to another

automatic – adj. happening as part of a normal process or system

gap – n. the difference between groups or situations

 

 

 


内容来自 VOA英语学习网https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8743-241835-1.html
Related Articles
内容推荐