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VOA慢速英语: 非洲南部严重干旱导致数百万人挨饿

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中英对照 听力原文

Deadly Drought in Southern Africa Leaves Millions Hungry

非洲南部的严重干旱导致数百万人挨饿

A months-long drought affecting most of southern Africa has led to serious food shortages for millions of people.

持续数月的干旱影响了非洲南部大部分地区,导致数百万人严重缺粮。

The United Nations estimates that more than 11 million people are currently facing crisis levels of food insecurity. The World Food Program says southern Africa has received normal rainfall in just one of the past five growing seasons.

联合国估计,目前有1100多万人面临粮食安全的危机。世界粮食计划署表示,非洲南部在过去五个生长季节中只有一个正常的雨季。

Among the hardest hit areas is South Africa's Northern Cape province. There, many farmers are struggling to keep their families and animals alive as they lose money and debt grows.

受灾最严重的地区是南非的北开普省。在那里,随着钱财流失和债务增长,许多农民在努力维持家人和动物的生命。

Sheep farmer Louis van der Merwe told The Associated Press he had lost more than 400 sheep and 450 springboks over the past two years. He said the current drought is the worst he has seen during his 45 years of farming.

牧羊农民路易斯·范德梅罗告诉美联社,在过去的两年里,他已经失去了400多只羊和450只羚羊。他说,目前的干旱是他45年农业生涯中所见过的最严重的干旱。

Some of his animals died of hunger. Others were harvested earlier than normal to reduce the number of animals he had to feed. Van der Merwe got emotional while explaining that he now accepts donations of animal feed so he can keep the rest of his animals alive.

一些动物死于饥饿。另一些则提前宰杀,以减少需要喂养的动物数量。范德·梅维激动地解释说,他现在接受动物饲料的捐赠,这样他就可以让其他动物活下去。

"If we didn't have hope, we would not be here anymore," he said. "We have to have hope and faith. There are a couple of times when we have felt it is not worth it."

“如果我们没有希望,就不会在这里了,”他说。“我们必须有希望和信念。即使有时候,我们觉得并不值得。”

One farmers' organization estimates that South Africa's Northern Cape province will need at least $28 million over the next three months to assist 15,500 affected farms. So far, South Africa's government has promised $2 million.

一个农民组织估计,南非的北开普省在未来三个月至少需要2千8百万美元来援助1万5千5百个受影响的农场。到目前为止,南非政府已经承诺提供200万美元。

Gertruida Buffel lives in the Northern Cape town of Vosburg. She told the AP that things have gotten so bad that she now shares her family's food with their animals.

Gertruida Buffel住在开普敦北部的沃斯堡。她告诉美联社,事态变得非常糟糕,现在需要将家人的实物分享给牲畜。

For two weeks, she fed two small lambs a mixture of dried corn and water after their mother starved to death. But she said one lamb ended up dying, likely because the corn mixture was not part of the lambs' usual diet.

她用干玉米和水的混合物喂养了两只小羊羔两个星期,因为它们的母亲已经饿死了。但有一只羊羔最后死了,可能是因为这种玉米混合物并不是羊羔日常饮食。

Small children are hungry, too. At Vosburg's only school, Delta Primary School, large groups of children line up every morning for what becomes both breakfast and lunch. The meal usually includes corn meal, vegetables and soup.

小孩子饱受饥饿之苦。在沃斯堡唯一的学校——德尔塔小学(Delta Primary school),每天早上都有一大群孩子排队买早餐和午餐。这顿饭通常包括玉米粉、蔬菜和汤。

The school food program began before the drought. But teachers say it has become increasingly important for the town's struggling families. "It's very hard for the parents to actually feed their children at home," one teacher said.

学校的食品计划在干旱之前就开始了。但教师们表示,这对这个小镇上贫困的家庭来说变得越来越重要。一位老师说:“因为家长很难在家里真正喂饱孩子。

In Kimberley, the capital of Northern Cape, government officials give out money from the $2-million disaster aid program. The job can be difficult because some farmers live in places that are not easy to get to.

在北开普的首都金伯利,政府官员从200万美元的救灾援助项目中拨款。这项工作可能很困难,因为有些农民住得比较偏远。

Farmers Jan Louw and Martiens Tieties are among those hoping to receive government-provided animal feed. But they are not expecting any assistance until January. Until then, they plan to keep sharing feed with other farmers to keep their animals alive.

农民Jan Louw和Martiens ti等人希望得到政府提供的动物饲料。但预计在明年1月之前不会得到任何援助。在此之前,他们计划继续与其他农民分享饲料,让家里的牲畜活下去。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

我是布莱恩·林恩

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

drought - a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain

province – areas that some countries are divided into

faith – n. complete trust or confidence in someone or something

Deadly Drought in Southern Africa Leaves Millions Hungry

A months-long drought affecting most of southern Africa has led to serious food shortages for millions of people.

The United Nations estimates that more than 11 million people are currently facing crisis levels of food insecurity. The World Food Program says southern Africa has received normal rainfall in just one of the past five growing seasons.

Among the hardest hit areas is South Africa's Northern Cape province. There, many farmers are struggling to keep their families and animals alive as they lose money and debt grows.

Sheep farmer Louis van der Merwe told The Associated Press he had lost more than 400 sheep and 450 springboks over the past two years. He said the current drought is the worst he has seen during his 45 years of farming.

Some of his animals died of hunger. Others were harvested earlier than normal to reduce the number of animals he had to feed. Van der Merwe got emotional while explaining that he now accepts donations of animal feed so he can keep the rest of his animals alive.

"If we didn't have hope, we would not be here anymore," he said. "We have to have hope and faith. There are a couple of times when we have felt it is not worth it."

One farmers' organization estimates that South Africa's Northern Cape province will need at least $28 million over the next three months to assist 15,500 affected farms. So far, South Africa's government has promised $2 million.

Gertruida Buffel lives in the Northern Cape town of Vosburg. She told the AP that things have gotten so bad that she now shares her family's food with their animals.

For two weeks, she fed two small lambs a mixture of dried corn and water after their mother starved to death. But she said one lamb ended up dying, likely because the corn mixture was not part of the lambs' usual diet.

Small children are hungry, too. At Vosburg's only school, Delta Primary School, large groups of children line up every morning for what becomes both breakfast and lunch. The meal usually includes corn meal, vegetables and soup.

The school food program began before the drought. But teachers say it has become increasingly important for the town's struggling families. "It's very hard for the parents to actually feed their children at home," one teacher said.

In Kimberley, the capital of Northern Cape, government officials give out money from the $2-million disaster aid program. The job can be difficult because some farmers live in places that are not easy to get to.

Farmers Jan Louw and Martiens Tieties are among those hoping to receive government-provided animal feed. But they are not expecting any assistance until January. Until then, they plan to keep sharing feed with other farmers to keep their animals alive.

I'm Bryan Lynn.

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

drought - a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain

province – areas that some countries are divided into

faith – n. complete trust or confidence in someone or something


内容来自 VOA英语学习网https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8742-241890-1.html
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