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VOA慢速英语:海洋探险家们发现了二战时期沉没的军舰

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Ocean Explorers Discover Sunken Warships from World War II

海洋探险家们发现了二战时期沉没的军舰

Deep-sea explorers have reported finding two Japanese warships that sank during a major battle in World War II.

深海探险家报告说,他们发现了两艘在第二次世界大战中沉没的日本战舰。

Explorers and researchers used a robotic underwater vehicle to help with their search in the northern Pacific Ocean. The vehicle is equipped with sonar, which measures sound waves to create images.

探险家和研究人员使用水下机器人设备在北太平洋进行搜索。这种设备安装了声纳,可以通过测量声波来产生图像。

The team told The Associated Press (AP) it discovered a warship after examining sonar images collected from the vehicle on Sunday. The team said it appears the sunken ship is the Japanese aircraft carrier Akagi.

研究团队告诉美联社,周日,他们检查了设备从收集的声纳图像后发现了一艘军舰。调查小组说,看来这艘沉船是日本航空母舰赤城号。

The wreckage was found near Midway Atoll, an island about 2,100 kilometers northwest of Hawaii.

残骸是在距夏威夷西北约2100公里的中途岛附近发现的。

A private research ship, the Petrel, is leading the exploration. A private American company, Vulcan Inc., is providing support. Vulcan was started by Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft Corporation. Allen died last year.

一艘名为海燕号的私人科考船正在领导这次探险。美国私营公司Vulcan Inc.正在提供支持。Vulcan是由微软公司的联合创始人保罗•艾伦(Paul Allen)创办的。但艾伦于去年去世了。

Rob Kraft is head of Vulcan's undersea operations. He told The Associated Press that based on the data collected, his team is sure they found the aircraft carrier.

罗伯·克拉夫特是火神公司海底业务的负责人。他告诉美联社,根据收集到的数据,他的团队确信找到了这艘航空母舰。

"It can be none other than Akagi," he said.

“可能不是别的,正是赤城号,”他说。

Kraft added that the warship was sitting among a pile of wreckage and the surrounding ground was heavily affected by the ship hitting the seafloor.

克拉夫特补充说,这艘军舰当时正处于一堆残骸之中,周围的地面受到了船撞击海底的严重影响。

The Akagi was the second warship found in the area. Last week, the Petrel research team reported finding another Japanese aircraft carrier, the Kaga.

赤城号是在该地区发现的第二艘军舰。上周,海燕研究小组报告称发现了另一艘日本航空母舰——“加贺”号。

Sonar images of the Kaga showed it was in a similar condition. The front of the carrier is thought to have hit the seafloor at a high rate of speed, creating a large crater and spreading debris in the area.

声纳图像显示,“加贺”号情况类似。人们认为,这艘航母的前部以很高的速度撞击了海底,在该地区形成了一个大坑,碎片散落海底。

During the battle, bombs struck the Kaga, causing a massive fire. Yet sonar images show that the ship stayed mostly together when it sank.

在战斗中,炸弹袭击了“加贺”号,引起了一场大火。然而,声纳图像显示,这艘船沉没时基本没移动位置。

Historians consider the Battle of Midway in 1942 an important victory for the United States during World War II.

历史学家认为1942年的中途岛战役是美国在第二次世界大战中的一次重要胜利。

American and Japanese aircraft carriers and warplanes fought the battle about 320 kilometers off Midway Atoll. At the time, the atoll was home to a U.S. military base that provided naval and air support against the Japanese.

美国和日本的航空母舰和战机在距中途岛320公里的地方进行了战斗。当时,这个环礁是美国军事基地的所在地,为提供海空支援。

Japan's military had planned to capture Midway Atoll in a surprise attack. But U.S. forces gained possession of Japanese communications before the attack and were waiting when the forces arrived. More than 2,000 Japanese and 300 Americans died in the fighting.

日本军方曾计划对中途岛发动突然袭击。但美军在袭击前就占领了日本的通讯设施,并一直在等待日军的到来。超过2000名日本人和300名美国人在战斗中丧生。

Seven ships, five Japanese and two American, sank during the battle. Until now, only one of the seven had been found. The crew of the Petrel is hoping to find all the lost ships.

七艘船,五艘日本船和两艘美国船在战斗中沉没。到目前为止,七艘船只只有一只被找到。海燕号的船员们希望找到所有丢失的船只。

Robert Kraft said the research ship's efforts started with Paul Allen and his desire to honor his father's military service. But he says the project now extends way beyond that beginning.

罗伯特·克拉夫特表示,这艘科考船始于保罗·艾伦和他对父亲服兵役的敬意。但是他说,这个项目现在已经远远超出了最初的设想。

"We're honoring today's service members, it's about education and, you know, bringing history back to life for future generations," he said.

Frank Thompson is a historian with the Naval History and Heritage Command in Washington, D.C. He also is part of the Petrel research team.

"We read about the battles, we know what happened," Thompson told the AP. "But when you see these wrecks on the bottom of the ocean and everything, you kind of get a feel for what the real price is for war."

He added: "You see the damage these things took, and it's humbling to watch some of the video of these vessels because they're war graves."

他补充说:“你看这些东西所造成的损害,看一些这些船只的视频是令人羞愧的,因为它们是战争的坟墓。”

I'm Bryan Lynn.

我是布莱恩·林恩。

________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

data – n. factual information

pile – n. a number of things put one on top of another or next to each other

crater – n. a big hole in the ground

humbling – adj. feeling less important, less proud

vessel – n. a ship or large boat

Deep-sea explorers have reported finding two Japanese warships that sank during a major battle in World War II.

Explorers and researchers used a robotic underwater vehicle to help with their search in the northern Pacific Ocean. The vehicle is equipped with sonar, which measures sound waves to create images.

The team told The Associated Press (AP) it discovered a warship after examining sonar images collected from the vehicle on Sunday. The team said it appears the sunken ship is the Japanese aircraft carrier Akagi.

The wreckage was found near Midway Atoll, an island about 2,100 kilometers northwest of Hawaii.

A private research ship, the Petrel, is leading the exploration. A private American company, Vulcan Inc., is providing support. Vulcan was started by Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft Corporation. Allen died last year.

Rob Kraft is head of Vulcan's undersea operations. He told The Associated Press that based on the data collected, his team is sure they found the aircraft carrier.

"It can be none other than Akagi," he said.

Kraft added that the warship was sitting among a pile of wreckage and the surrounding ground was heavily affected by the ship hitting the seafloor.

The Akagi was the second warship found in the area. Last week, the Petrel research team reported finding another Japanese aircraft carrier, the Kaga.

Sonar images of the Kaga showed it was in a similar condition. The front of the carrier is thought to have hit the seafloor at a high rate of speed, creating a large crater and spreading debris in the area.

During the battle, bombs struck the Kaga, causing a massive fire. Yet sonar images show that the ship stayed mostly together when it sank.

Historians consider the Battle of Midway in 1942 an important victory for the United States during World War II.

American and Japanese aircraft carriers and warplanes fought the battle about 320 kilometers off Midway Atoll. At the time, the atoll was home to a U.S. military base that provided naval and air support against the Japanese.

Japan's military had planned to capture Midway Atoll in a surprise attack. But U.S. forces gained possession of Japanese communications before the attack and were waiting when the forces arrived. More than 2,000 Japanese and 300 Americans died in the fighting.

Seven ships, five Japanese and two American, sank during the battle. Until now, only one of the seven had been found. The crew of the Petrel is hoping to find all the lost ships.

Robert Kraft said the research ship's efforts started with Paul Allen and his desire to honor his father's military service. But he says the project now extends way beyond that beginning.

"We're honoring today's service members, it's about education and, you know, bringing history back to life for future generations," he said.

Frank Thompson is a historian with the Naval History and Heritage Command in Washington, D.C. He also is part of the Petrel research team.

"We read about the battles, we know what happened," Thompson told the AP. "But when you see these wrecks on the bottom of the ocean and everything, you kind of get a feel for what the real price is for war."

He added: "You see the damage these things took, and it's humbling to watch some of the video of these vessels because they're war graves."

I'm Bryan Lynn.

___________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

data – n. factual information

pile – n. a number of things put one on top of another or next to each other

crater – n. a big hole in the ground

humbling – adj. feeling less important, less proud

vessel – n. a ship or large boat


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