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Greenland Sees Massive Ice Melt

格陵兰岛的冰出现大面积的融化

The recent heat wave that broke temperature records across Europe broke different records when it arrived in Greenland.

近期打破全欧洲气温记录的热浪抵达格陵兰时,打破了不同的记录。

On August 1, the Greenland Ice Sheet experienced its biggest single-day of ice loss in recorded history. About 12.5 billion tons of ice melted and poured into the Atlantic Ocean, satellite data showed.

在八月1号,格陵兰冰原经历了历史记载以来最大的单日冰块损失。卫星数据显示,约125亿吨的冰融化并涌入了大西洋。

One day earlier, over 10 billion tons of ice melted.

一天前,超过100亿吨冰融化了。

Every 1 billion tons of ice lost creates enough water to fill 400,000 Olympic swimming pools, the Danish Meteorological Institute noted late last week. The center offered the comparison to help people try to understand just how much ice melted.

每10亿吨的冰消失所产生的水足够将40万个奥林匹克游泳池填满,丹麦气象研究所于上周的晚些时候指出。该中心提供了这样的对比来帮助人们尽力去理解刚刚多少冰融化了。

One Danish scientist offered a different comparison. Climate expert Martin Stendl said the total ice that melted in Greenland on July 31 and August 1 could cover all of Germany with seven centimeters of water.

一个丹麦的科学教提供了一个截然不同的比对。气候专家马丁·斯滕德尔表示格陵兰岛于7月31日和八月1日总共融化的冰可能用七厘米的水覆盖德国。

The Greenland Ice Sheet covers 80 percent of the island. It has developed over many thousands of years from snow that has continually pressed itself into ice. It is the world’s second-largest body of ice, after the Antarctic Ice Sheet.

格陵兰冰原覆盖了该岛80%的面积。数千年来它上面的雪不断地将自己挤压成冰。它是既南极冰原之后世界上第二大冰体。

Greenland’s so-called “melt season” usually goes from June to the end of August. During these months, billions of tons of ice melts and flows into the Atlantic. A lot of what melts, however, does not flow away. It later refreezes onto the ice sheet when the weather cools.

格陵兰岛所谓的冰融季通常从六月持续到八月底。在这几个月期间,数十亿吨的冰融化并流入了大西洋。然而很多融化的冰并没有流走。当天气变冷的时候它之后又重新结成了冰原。

The ice sheet has lost about 248 billion tons so far this year, says polar scientist Marco Tedesco. He is with Columbia University’s Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory.

自今年起该冰原已经损失了约2480亿吨,极地科学家马科·特德斯科。他在美国哥伦比亚大学拉蒙特-多尔蒂地球观测站工作。

Greenland saw its most expansive ice melt on record in July 2012. That month, over 90 percent of the Greenland Ice Sheet was at least partly melting, scientists say. By late July 2012, about 250 billion tons of ice had melted.

格陵兰岛在2012年六月经历了记载上最广泛的冰融化。那个月超过90%的格陵兰冰原都存在至少部分的融化,科学家表示。到2012年7月底,约2500亿吨的冰融化了。

Last week, Tedesco spoke with reporters at National Geographic. He told them Greenland’s 2019 melt season could end up breaking the record set in 2012. “We’re basically on pace,” he said.

上周,特德斯科对国家地理的记者说。特德斯科告诉他们格陵兰岛2019年的融化季可能以打破2012年创下的记录而结束。“我们基本在速度上,”他说。

A June 2019 study by scientists in the United States and Denmark found that melting ice in Greenland will add between 5 and 33 centimeters to sea level rise by the year 2100.

美国和丹麦的科学家做的一项2019年的研究发现格陵兰岛融化的冰将在2100年之前使海平线上升5到33厘米。

The recent extreme melting in Greenland was caused by the same burst of hot air that hit Europe in late July. Places across Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Britain broke hot temperature records.

格陵兰最近的极端融化是由7月底袭击欧洲的同一股热气造成的。比利时、德国、卢森堡、荷兰和英国都打破了高温纪录。

Heat waves have always happened, notes Mike Sparrow, an expert at the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization. But he says extreme heat waves are happening 10 times more often now than they were a century ago.

联合国世界气象组织的一名专家迈克·斯帕罗指出热浪经常发生。但是他表示现在极端的热浪比一世纪之前发生的频率要高出十倍多。

Sparrow told The Associated Press that such heat waves are weather events than can happen naturally. “But,” he said, “studies have shown that the frequency and intensity…have increased due to global warming.”

斯帕罗告诉美联社这样的热浪是天气原因造成的并不是自然现象。“但是,”他说,“研究显示这样的频率和密度……会因为全球变暖而增加。”

He also noted that sea ice spread in the Arctic and Antarctic are both currently at record lows.

他也指出南极和北极地区的海冰现今都处于最低水平。

On Monday, scientists confirmed that July 2019 was the hottest month in Earth’s recorded history. It beat the record set in July 2016, when the planet was experiencing an especially strong El Niño event.

周一,科学家们证实2019年7月是地球记录史上最热的月份。它打破了2016年7月创下的纪录,当时这个星球正在经历一个特别强大的厄尔尼诺事件。

I’m Ashley Thompson.

阿什利·汤普森为您报道。

_______________________________________________

Words in This Story

ice sheet - n. a very large and thick area of ice that covers a region

pace - n. the speed at which someone or something moves

frequency - n. the number of times that something happens during a particular period

global - adj. involving the entire world

El Niño ​- n. a flow of unusually warm water along the western coast of South America that causes many changes in weather in other places (such as a lot of rain in areas that are usually dry)

Greenland Sees Massive Ice Melt

The recent heat wave that broke temperature records across Europe broke different records when it arrived in Greenland.

On August 1, the Greenland Ice Sheet experienced its biggest single-day of ice loss in recorded history. About 12.5 billion tons of ice melted and poured into the Atlantic Ocean, satellite data showed.

One day earlier, over 10 billion tons of ice melted.

Every 1 billion tons of ice lost creates enough water to fill 400,000 Olympic swimming pools, the Danish Meteorological Institute noted late last week. The center offered the comparison to help people try to understand just how much ice melted.

One Danish scientist offered a different comparison. Climate expert Martin Stendl said the total ice that melted in Greenland on July 31 and August 1 could cover all of Germany with seven centimeters of water.

The Greenland Ice Sheet covers 80 percent of the island. It has developed over many thousands of years from snow that has continually pressed itself into ice. It is the world’s second-largest body of ice, after the Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Greenland’s so-called “melt season” usually goes from June to the end of August. During these months, billions of tons of ice melts and flows into the Atlantic. A lot of what melts, however, does not flow away. It later refreezes onto the ice sheet when the weather cools.

The ice sheet has lost about 248 billion tons so far this year, says polar scientist Marco Tedesco. He is with Columbia University’s Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory.

Greenland saw its most expansive ice melt on record in July 2012. That month, over 90 percent of the Greenland Ice Sheet was at least partly melting, scientists say. By late July 2012, about 250 billion tons of ice had melted.

Last week, Tedesco spoke with reporters at National Geographic. He told them Greenland’s 2019 melt season could end up breaking the record set in 2012. “We’re basically on pace,” he said.

A June 2019 study by scientists in the United States and Denmark found that melting ice in Greenland will add between 5 and 33 centimeters to sea level rise by the year 2100.

The recent extreme melting in Greenland was caused by the same burst of hot air that hit Europe in late July. Places across Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Britain broke hot temperature records.

Heat waves have always happened, notes Mike Sparrow, an expert at the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization. But he says extreme heat waves are happening 10 times more often now than they were a century ago.

Sparrow told The Associated Press that such heat waves are weather events than can happen naturally. “But,” he said, “studies have shown that the frequency and intensity…have increased due to global warming.”

He also noted that sea ice spread in the Arctic and Antarctic are both currently at record lows.

On Monday, scientists confirmed that July 2019 was the hottest month in Earth’s recorded history. It beat the record set in July 2016, when the planet was experiencing an especially strong El Niño event.

I’m Ashley Thompson.

_______________________________________________

Words in This Story

ice sheet - n. a very large and thick area of ice that covers a region

pace - n. the speed at which someone or something moves

frequency - n. the number of times that something happens during a particular period

global - adj. involving the entire world

El Niño ​- n. a flow of unusually warm water along the western coast of South America that causes many changes in weather in other places (such as a lot of rain in areas that are usually dry)


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