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VOA慢速英语:电子游戏与暴力行为之间存在联系吗?

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Is There a Link Between Video Games and Violence?

电子游戏与暴力行为之间存在联系吗?

Do some kinds of video games cause violence? Scientific studies do not suggest a link.

一些种类的电子游戏会引起暴力行为吗?科学研究并没有显示有联系。

But the idea that there is a link between violent video games and violent acts reappeared following the mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, last weekend.

但是上周德克萨斯州埃尔帕索发生群众射击事件之后认为暴力型的电子游戏和暴力行为之间存在联系的想法产生了。

An online statement thought to be written by the El Paso gunman mentioned the combat game “Call of Duty.”

被认为是埃尔帕索枪手写的一份声明提到搏斗类型的游戏需要负责任。

On Monday, President Donald Trump said that “gruesome and grisly video games” contribute to a “glorification of violence.”

周一,总统唐纳德·特朗普表示令人感到恐怖的可怕的电子游戏助长了对暴力的崇拜。

American politicians have long made similar statements.

美国警察已经做了类似的生命。

“Politicians on both sides go after video games…it is this weird unifying force,” said Patrick Markey, a psychology professor at Villanova University who studies video games.

维拉诺瓦大学研究电子游戏的心理学教授帕特里克·马基表示“双边的政客都追捧电子游戏……这是一种很奇怪的统一力量。”

Benjamin Burroughs is a professor of media at the University of Las Vegas. “…There is no linkage to gun violence,” he said about video games.

本杰明·伯勒斯是拉斯维加斯大学的媒体教授。他评价电子游戏称,“它与枪支暴力没有任何关系。”

Burroughs said that some studies show a short-term increase in aggressive thoughts and feelings after playing video games, but nothing that rises to the level of violence.

伯勒斯表示一些研究显示玩电子游戏之后攻击性的想法和感觉会有短期的增加,但是没有东西会上升至暴力水平。

“Plenty of gamers…get upset when they lose or feel the game was ‘cheating,’ but it doesn’t lead to violent outputs,” Burroughs said.

伯勒斯表示“在很多游戏中当他们失败或者感觉游戏在欺骗时,会感到很沮丧但是它并不会导致暴力行为。”

In 2006, a small study by researchers at Indiana University found that teenagers who played violent video games showed higher levels of emotional arousal – strong emotions like anger or fear. The teenagers also showed less activity in the parts of the brain associated with the ability to plan, control and direct thoughts and behavior.

2006年印第安纳大学的研究人员做的一次小型研究发现打电子游戏的青少年显示了更高水平的情绪激发即生气害怕等强烈的感情。青少年在与计划,控制和指导思想和行为的能力相关的大脑部分也表现出较少的活动。

Patrick Markey, the psychology professor, found in his research that men who commit severe acts of violence actually play violent video games less than the average male.

心理学教授帕特里克·马基在他的研究中发现进行过几次暴力行为的男士通常比平均男性玩电子游戏的次数更少。

Another study by Markey and other researchers showed that violence tends to go down when a new violent movie or video game comes out. One possible explanation: people are at home playing the game or in theaters watching the movie.

帕特里克的另外一个研究和其他研究人员显示暴力倾向于降低的趋势当一种新型的暴力电影或者电子游戏出品时。一种可能的解释为:人们正在在家玩这个点子游戏或者更在在电影院观看这部电影。

Markey believes that video games might excite people, but they do not change who people are. “It is like going to see a sad movie,” Markey said of playing video games. “It might make you cry but it doesn’t make you clinically depressed,” he said.

马基认为电子游戏可能会使人们很兴奋,但是他们并不会改变人们本身。“它就像去看一场很悲伤的电影,”马基谈到玩电子游戏时说。“它可能会让你哭泣但是不会使得患上临床抑郁,”他说。

I’m John Russell .

约翰·拉塞尔为您报道。

Is There a Link Between Video Games and Violence?

Do some kinds of video games cause violence? Scientific studies do not suggest a link.

But the idea that there is a link between violent video games and violent acts reappeared following the mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, last weekend.

An online statement thought to be written by the El Paso gunman mentioned the combat game “Call of Duty.”

On Monday, President Donald Trump said that “gruesome and grisly video games” contribute to a “glorification of violence.”

American politicians have long made similar statements.

“Politicians on both sides go after video games…it is this weird unifying force,” said Patrick Markey, a psychology professor at Villanova University who studies video games.

Benjamin Burroughs is a professor of media at the University of Las Vegas. “…There is no linkage to gun violence,” he said about video games.

Burroughs said that some studies show a short-term increase in aggressive thoughts and feelings after playing video games, but nothing that rises to the level of violence.

“Plenty of gamers…get upset when they lose or feel the game was ‘cheating,’ but it doesn’t lead to violent outputs,” Burroughs said.

In 2006, a small study by researchers at Indiana University found that teenagers who played violent video games showed higher levels of emotional arousal – strong emotions like anger or fear. The teenagers also showed less activity in the parts of the brain associated with the ability to plan, control and direct thoughts and behavior.

Patrick Markey, the psychology professor, found in his research that men who commit severe acts of violence actually play violent video games less than the average male.

Another study by Markey and other researchers showed that violence tends to go down when a new violent movie or video game comes out. One possible explanation: people are at home playing the game or in theaters watching the movie.

Markey believes that video games might excite people, but they do not change who people are. “It is like going to see a sad movie,” Markey said of playing video games. “It might make you cry but it doesn’t make you clinically depressed,” he said.

I’m John Russell .

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

gruesome – adj. causing horror or disgust

grisly -- adj. causing horror or fear : very shocking

glorification – n. honoring or praising

weird -- adj. unusual or strange​

output – n. technical something (such as power, energy, or information) that is produced by a machine or system

clinically – adv. of or relating to a clinic


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