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VOA慢速英语:印度尼西亚总统支持为下沉的雅加达建设一座海墙

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Indonesia’s President Supports a Sea Wall for Sinking Jakarta

印度尼西亚总统支持为下沉的雅加达建设一座海墙

Indonesia’s president said that he wants to build a large sea wall around Jakarta. The goal is to prevent the low-lying capital from being flooded by the sea.

印度尼西亚总统表示他计划在雅加达周围建设一个巨大的海墙。该目标是为了阻止这个低洼的首都被海洋淹没。

But, President Joko Widodo and his government may not have a lot of time. Some experts forecast that, at the current rate, one-third of Jakarta might be under water by 2050.

但是总统佐科·维多多和他的政府可能并没有太多的时间。一些专家预计以目前的速率到2050年雅加达的三分之一可能会被水淹没。

The crisis facing the city is the result of many years of uncontrolled development. There has been little city planning. Many politicians have served business interests and not the public’s interest.

这座城市面临的危机是多年来无节制的发展造成的结果。这里几乎没有城市发展计划。很多政治家服务于商业利益而非公众的利益。

Many of the city’s millions of people take ground water from wells because the water pipe system does not serve all areas. This has caused the city to slowly sink as the ground water beneath it disappears.

这座城市里居住的数百万人口中很多人从井中采取地下水因为水管道系统并不能普及到所有地区。随着地下水的消失,这已经导致了这座城市缓慢地下陷。

The ground has been sinking at an average rate of about 10 centimeters a year in some areas. Rising sea levels linked to climate change could make the problem worse in the future.

在一些地区地面以平均每年约10厘米的速度下陷。与气候变化相关的持续上升的海平面可能使得未来的问题变得更糟糕。

Widodo told The Associated Press recently that it is time to move ahead with the sea wall project. The government began thinking about a wall about ten years ago.

近期维多多告诉美联社是时候该开始海墙工程了。政府在约十年前就开始考虑建设一睹墙了。

“This huge project will need to be done quickly to prevent Jakarta from sinking under the sea,” he said.

“这项巨大的工程将需要快速第完成以阻止雅加达下沉至海洋下面,”他说。

Widodo, known as Jokowi in Indonesia, also discussed other plans for the development of Jakarta. The city and surrounding area is home to 30 million people but it has problems with pollution and congestion.

维多多在印度尼西亚被叫做Jokowi。他也讨论了雅加达发展的其他计划。这座城市和周边地区居住了3000万人但是它已经出现了污染和交通拥堵的问题。

Jokowi also restated that he wants to build a new capital city. He suggested that it would not be on the main island of Java, where 57 percent of the country’s nearly 270 million people live.

乔科维也再次表明他计划成立一个新的首都城市。他建议这个首都城市将不会建立在爪哇的主要岛屿上。这个国家的将近两亿七千万人口的57%都住在那里。

“We want to separate the capital, the center of government and Jakarta as a business and economic center,” he said. “We don’t want all the money existing only in Java. We want it to be outside Java as well.”

他说“我们希望把首都、政府中心和作为一个商业和经济中心的雅加达分开。”“我们不希望所有的钱只存在于爪哇上。我们想把钱放在爪哇之外。

Jakarta’s flooding and earthquakes are also a problem. Widodo said, “we need to make sure our capital is safe from disasters.” He did not name the place where the new capital would be built.

雅加达的洪水和地震也是一个问题。维多多表示,“我们需要确保我们的首都在灾难面前是安全的。”他并没有提到即将建设的新首都所在地的名称。

Jakarta has been called one of the world’s fastest sinking cities. It is close to the sea and 13 badly polluted rivers run through it. Too much ground water has been removed while heavy buildings have been built in many places.

雅加达也被称为世界上下沉速度最快的城市。它距离海洋很近并且13条严重污染的河流流经该国。当重的建筑物在很多地方被建起的同时太多的底下说被移走。

Heri Andreas is a scientist at Indonesia’s Bandung Institute of Technology. He said that in some parts of northern Jakarta the ground is already 2 to 4 meters below sea level. He added that it is sinking by as much as 20 centimeters a year.

安德烈亚斯是万隆理工学院的一名专家。他说在雅加达北部的一些地区地面已经处于海平面两到四米以下。他补充道它正在以每年20厘米的速度下降。

At this rate, said Andreas, “95 percent of northern Jakarta will be underwater by 2050.”

安德烈亚斯说道以这个速度雅加北部85%的地区将在2050年处于海水之下。

He said water would cover about one-third of the city.

他说水将覆盖这座城市的三分之一。

Andreas said it took time for his predictions to be taken seriously by Indonesian government officials. He is pleased the large sea wall is being planned.

安德烈亚斯表示印尼的官员表示严肃对待它的预测需要花费时间。他对正在筹划建设大型海墙感到很欣慰。

The $42 billion project will have three stages. It will start with strengthening 30 kilometers of existing coastal dams. After that, 17 new islands will be built. This would be followed by building the large sea walls along the western and eastern part of the city’s coastline.

这个耗资420亿美元的工程项目将经历三个阶段。它将首先加固现有30公里海岸防护堤。继而新建17个人工岛。接下来在雅加达湾西侧和东侧建造巨大海墙。

However, many politicians argue about the cost. There is also fear the wall will hurt the fishing industry.

然而,很多政治家对成本进行辩论。也担心这堵海墙会损害渔业。

Andreas recently met with government officials. He said he believes a smaller sea wall project would be less costly.

近期安德烈亚斯与政府官员见面。他说他认为一个更小型的海墙项目将会降低成本。

In this smaller plan, a 20-kilometer-long wall would be built to protect areas most at risk. It would give the government more time to plan for the future.

在这个更小型的计划中,一个长达20公里的海墙将被箭射去保护最危险的区域。它将给政府更多的时间去完成未来的计划。

Fishermen are worried. Muara Angke is a small fishing port in northern Jakarta. Here, 63-year-old Pandi said the scientists are wrong. He says flooding is part of life on the waterfront.

渔民也很担心。麻拉红溪是雅加达北部小渔港。在这里63岁的潘迪表示科学家错了。他说洪水在海边生活的一部分。

“If we can’t work, we will suffer for a long time,” he said. “Sinking” below water, he said, “is just part of the risk.”

“如果我们不能工作,我们会痛苦很长一段时间,”他说。他说下沉至海水之下只是危机的一部分。

I’m Susan Shand.

苏珊·尚德为您报道。

Indonesia’s President Supports a Sea Wall for Sinking Jakarta

Indonesia’s president said that he wants to build a large sea wall around Jakarta. The goal is to prevent the low-lying capital from being flooded by the sea.

But, President Joko Widodo and his government may not have a lot of time. Some experts forecast that, at the current rate, one-third of Jakarta might be under water by 2050.

The crisis facing the city is the result of many years of uncontrolled development. There has been little city planning. Many politicians have served business interests and not the public’s interest.

Many of the city’s millions of people take ground water from wells because the water pipe system does not serve all areas. This has caused the city to slowly sink as the ground water beneath it disappears.

The ground has been sinking at an average rate of about 10 centimeters a year in some areas. Rising sea levels linked to climate change could make the problem worse in the future.

Widodo told The Associated Press recently that it is time to move ahead with the sea wall project. The government began thinking about a wall about ten years ago.

“This huge project will need to be done quickly to prevent Jakarta from sinking under the sea,” he said.

Widodo, known as Jokowi in Indonesia, also discussed other plans for the development of Jakarta. The city and surrounding area is home to 30 million people but it has problems with pollution and congestion.

Jokowi also restated that he wants to build a new capital city. He suggested that it would not be on the main island of Java, where 57 percent of the country’s nearly 270 million people live.

“We want to separate the capital, the center of government and Jakarta as a business and economic center,” he said. “We don’t want all the money existing only in Java. We want it to be outside Java as well.”

Jakarta’s flooding and earthquakes are also a problem. Widodo said, “we need to make sure our capital is safe from disasters.” He did not name the place where the new capital would be built.

Jakarta has been called one of the world’s fastest sinking cities. It is close to the sea and 13 badly polluted rivers run through it. Too much ground water has been removed while heavy buildings have been built in many places.

Heri Andreas is a scientist at Indonesia’s Bandung Institute of Technology. He said that in some parts of northern Jakarta the ground is already 2 to 4 meters below sea level. He added that it is sinking by as much as 20 centimeters a year.

At this rate, said Andreas, “95 percent of northern Jakarta will be underwater by 2050.”

He said water would cover about one-third of the city.

Andreas said it took time for his predictions to be taken seriously by Indonesian government officials. He is pleased the large sea wall is being planned.

The $42 billion project will have three stages. It will start with strengthening 30 kilometers of existing coastal dams. After that, 17 new islands will be built. This would be followed by building the large sea walls along the western and eastern part of the city’s coastline.

However, many politicians argue about the cost. There is also fear the wall will hurt the fishing industry.

Andreas recently met with government officials. He said he believes a smaller sea wall project would be less costly.

In this smaller plan, a 20-kilometer-long wall would be built to protect areas most at risk. It would give the government more time to plan for the future.

Fishermen are worried. Muara Angke is a small fishing port in northern Jakarta. Here, 63-year-old Pandi said the scientists are wrong. He says flooding is part of life on the waterfront.

“If we can’t work, we will suffer for a long time,” he said. “Sinking” below water, he said, “is just part of the risk.”

I’m Susan Shand.

_______________________________________________

Words in This Story

forecast– n.the weather predicted for the future

congestion– n.too full or crowed with people, vehicles

stage– n. a part of a plan


内容来自 VOA英语学习网https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8742-241802-1.html
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