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VOA慢速英语:示威者反对在夏威夷上顶建设大型望远镜

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Protesters Object to Huge Telescope on Hawaiian Mountain

示威者反对在夏威夷上顶建设大型望远镜

Hundreds of people on the island of Hawaii are demonstrating this week against building a telescope on the top of the mountain Mauna Kea.

这周夏威夷岛上百位群众游行示威抵制在莫纳克亚山顶修建一个望远镜。

The protesters say the land at the top of the mountain is holy. Scientists say it is perfect for a huge telescope that will help them answer basic questions about the universe.

示威者表示该山顶处的陆地是神圣的。科学家表示称它是修建一架大型望远镜的理想之地,该望远镜可帮助他们回答关于宇宙最基本的问题。

This week's demonstrations came after state officials said they would close the road to the top of Mauna Kea. Workers planned to use the road to start bringing construction equipment for the telescope.

这周的游行示威出现在政府官员宣称他们将封锁通往莫纳克亚山顶的道路之后。工人们计划使用该道路用于运送修建望远镜所需的建设设备。

As a result, a group of protesters began blocking the road early Monday morning. Some elders sat on chairs and tied themselves together with rope. Other protesters lay on the ground and chained themselves to metal bars. They stayed until police went home in the afternoon. No one was arrested. Work on the telescope did not begin.

结果,一群示威者于周一清晨开始堵塞该道路。一些年长者坐在椅子上并用绳索将自己与其他人绑在一起。其他示威者躺在地上并将自己与金属栏杆拴在一起。直到警察下午警察到家以后还待在那里。没有人被逮捕。修建望远镜的工作并未开始。

One activist said lying on the road for 11 hours was difficult. "It was so cold at 4 o'clock in the morning," said Walter Ritte. "It was a test of our fortitude. This mountain is like our last stand."

一位积极分子表示躺在地上十一个小时并非难事。“凌晨四点钟实在太冷了。”沃尔特·里特说。“这是对我们勇气的一次测试。这座山就像我们的最后一站。”

While the protesters blocked the road, officials put up barriers to keep them safe from speeding cars.

当示威者堵塞道路时,官员树立起了屏障保护他们的安全,不受疾驰而过的汽车的伤害。

The Honolulu Star Advertiser newspaper reported that government officials spoke about keeping the situation peaceful. Some asked the public to "drive with aloha" in the area, the newspaper reported. Mayor Harry Kim said in a statement, "We are all ohana of this island community." "Ohana" means family.

火奴鲁鲁明星广告报(The Honolulu Star Advertiser)报道称政府官员谈到会保持和平处理此次事件。该报纸称,一些政府官员要求该地区的群众要“和平抗议”。市长哈里·金在一次声明中表示,“我们都是岛屿社区上的家人。 ‘Ohana’的意思是家人。”

The project has been approved by the state's Supreme Court, and the state has said the company behind the telescope can begin building. The company is made up of a group of universities in California and Canada, with partners from China, India and Japan.

夏威夷州的最高法院已经批准了此项目,并且该州已经表示建造这个望远镜的公司可开始施工了。该公司由一群加利福尼亚州和加拿大的大学以及来自中国、印度和日本的合作伙伴组成。

Protesters say they will continue objecting to the project. Their efforts have already delayed it for several years. Scholars note that ancient Hawaiians consider the mountaintop "kapu," or forbidden. Only the highest-ranking chiefs were permitted to climb to Mauna Kea's summit above the clouds.

示威者表示他们将继续反对该项目。他们的努力已经将这个项目推迟了几年时间。学者指出古老的夏威夷土著居民认为该山顶是“kapu”或者禁止的。只有最高级别的首领被允许爬到莫纳克亚云端的顶峰。

Today, the land belongs to the state government. It leases the area to the University of Hawaii for telescopes and observatories.

现在,该陆地属于州政府所有。它将该区域租赁给夏威夷大学用于望远镜和观测。

The proposed telescope would have a mirror 30 meters across, making it the largest telescope of its kind in the world. It is expected to cost 1.4 billion dollars to build.

这个提议建设的望远镜有30米宽的镜片,使它成世界上此类望远镜中最大的望远镜。建设该望远镜预计将花费14亿美元。

Supporters of the new telescope say the instrument will not only make important scientific discoveries. It will also bring educational and economic opportunities to Hawaii.

新望远镜的支持者称该仪器不但可用于重要的科学发现。它也可为夏威夷带来教育和经济机遇。

I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

凯丽·吉恩·凯丽为您报道。

Protesters Object to Huge Telescope on Hawaiian Mountain

Hundreds of people on the island of Hawaii are demonstrating this week against building a telescope on the top of the mountain Mauna Kea.

The protesters say the land at the top of the mountain is holy. Scientists say it is perfect for a huge telescope that will help them answer basic questions about the universe.

This week's demonstrations came after state officials said they would close the road to the top of Mauna Kea. Workers planned to use the road to start bringing construction equipment for the telescope.

As a result, a group of protesters began blocking the road early Monday morning. Some elders sat on chairs and tied themselves together with rope. Other protesters lay on the ground and chained themselves to metal bars. They stayed until police went home in the afternoon. No one was arrested. Work on the telescope did not begin.

One activist said lying on the road for 11 hours was difficult. "It was so cold at 4 o'clock in the morning," said Walter Ritte. "It was a test of our fortitude. This mountain is like our last stand."

While the protesters blocked the road, officials put up barriers to keep them safe from speeding cars.

The Honolulu Star Advertiser newspaper reported that government officials spoke about keeping the situation peaceful. Some asked the public to "drive with aloha" in the area, the newspaper reported. Mayor Harry Kim said in a statement, "We are all ohana of this island community." "Ohana" means family.

The project has been approved by the state's Supreme Court, and the state has said the company behind the telescope can begin building. The company is made up of a group of universities in California and Canada, with partners from China, India and Japan.

Protesters say they will continue objecting to the project. Their efforts have already delayed it for several years. Scholars note that ancient Hawaiians consider the mountaintop "kapu," or forbidden. Only the highest-ranking chiefs were permitted to climb to Mauna Kea's summit above the clouds.

Today, the land belongs to the state government. It leases the area to the University of Hawaii for telescopes and observatories.

The proposed telescope would have a mirror 30 meters across, making it the largest telescope of its kind in the world. It is expected to cost 1.4 billion dollars to build.

Supporters of the new telescope say the instrument will not only make important scientific discoveries. It will also bring educational and economic opportunities to Hawaii.

I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

_______________________________________________________

Words in This Story

fortitude –n. mental strength and courage that lets someone face danger

construction –n. the act or process of building something ​

chain –n. to fasten, hold, or connect (someone or something) with a chain​

forbidden –adj. not permitted or allowed​

highest-ranking –adj. highest-level

summit –n. the highest point of a mountain

opportunity –n. an amount of time or a situation in which something can be done​; chance


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