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Olympic Committee Promises Changes to Way Cities, Countries Are Chosen

奥委会承诺变革城市或国家被选为东道主的规则

The International Olympic Committee is promising changes to how the Olympic Games are awarded.

国际奥委会承诺变革授予奥林匹克运动主办权的规则。

This week, the IOC voted to give the Italian cities of Milan and Cortina the 2026 Winter Olympics.

这周,国际奥委会投票决定授予意大利城市米兰和科尔蒂纳2016年冬奥会主办权。

On Wednesday, The IOC voted to reform the way host cities are chosen. The games may be hosted in several cities or countries at the same time. Host cities may be invited or they may be chosen without competition.

周三,国际奥委会投票决定改革选择主办城市的规则。未来可能会在几个城市或国家同时举办运动会。举办城市可能被邀请参加竞赛也可能不会参加竞赛。

The International Olympic Committee wants to avoid the negative reports that often come with hosting the Olympic Games. Local people often face higher taxes and costly stadiums that are left unused when the Games are over.

国际奥委会想避免再次出现常与主办奥林匹克运动会相关的负面新闻报道。当地的人们通常面临更高的税额并且消耗巨资建设的体育场在奥运会结束之后会闲置起来。

The committee, which is based in Lausanne, Switzerland, has been angered by recent public votes in Europe and Canada that rejected the Olympics. Now, the IOC wants cities and countries to show public approval before asking to host the games.

总部位于瑞典洛桑的奥委会对于近期欧洲和加拿大公开投票反对举办奥运会的行为感到很愤怒。现在国际奥委会希望在申请举办奥运会之前申办城市和国家先向奥委会展示它已经获得全民支持。

“We cannot…continue to be damaged as we have in the past,” IOC member John Coates said. He presented the reforms, some of which have already been tested in the 2026 Winter Games competition.

“我们不能……继续受到过去那样的挫伤了,”国际奥委会成员约翰·科茨表示。他提出了这个改革方案。一些方案已经在2026年冬季奥运会竞选中试行。

On Monday, Milan and Cortina in northern Italy beat a joint offer by Stockholm, Sweden and Are, Latvia, for the 2026 Winter Games. Northern Italy’s population showed strong support for the Games, IOC studies showed.

周一,在2016年冬季奥运会申办过程中意大利北部的米兰和科尔蒂纳击败了联合申办的瑞典的斯德哥尔摩和拉脱维亚的奥勒。国际奥委会的研究表明意大利北部的人们充分地展示了他们对举办奥运会的高度支持。

Future Olympic cities will be required to use existing and temporary sports venues. Costly building projects will not be encouraged.

未来举办奥林匹克运动会的城市将被要求使用现有的和临时的体育比赛场馆。将不鼓励使用耗资巨大的建筑项目。

The Olympic Charter rule requiring hosts to be voted on seven years before a Summer or Winter Games will end. That rule was ignored in 2017 when Los Angeles was chosen 11 years before the 2028 Summer Games.

要求必须在七年前投票选定夏季或冬季奥运会主办城市的《奥林匹克宪章》的规则也将结束。当洛杉矶在2028年夏季奥运会前11年就被选定为主办城市时,这项规定就被忽略了。

In fact, elections may be canceled.

实际上,选举可能会被取消。

The new process will create Olympic panels — one each for Summer and Winter Games — that will choose one or more countries. If there is more than one country, an election will be held.

新的程序将分别组建“夏季奥运会举办地委员会”和“冬季奥运会举办地委员会”。他们将选择一个或多个国家来举办奥运会。如果有不止一个国家举办,才需要通过选举决定。

IOC President Thomas Bach wants to avoid “too many losers.”

国际奥委会主席托马斯·巴赫想避免出现太多的申办失败者。

The new panels will have the power to have ongoing discussions with cities and may even request some cities to consider hosting an Olympics. The panels will report to the executive board, which will pick its members.

新的委员会将有权与一些城市保持持续不断的讨论并且甚至可能要求一些城市考虑举办一届奥林匹克运动会。两个委员会将向执行委员会报告,执行委员会负责挑选委员会成员。

Coates said the process will create a list of potential cities that will extend into the future.

科茨表示这个过程将产生可延伸至未来很长时间的一系列潜力城市列表。

The IOC said it will not make the process difficult, and will not demand legal guarantees long before the Games, said Richard Pound. He is the longest serving member of the IOC.

国际奥委会表示这个过程将不会太繁琐,并且它不会要求主办方在奥运会之前很长一段时间便做出法律担保。

But he added, “Once you make a decision on the host city, millions of people start to make plans based on that and hundreds of millions of dollars are committed to it.”

但是他补充道,“一旦这个城市决定举办奥运会,数百万的人们要开始根据这个决定制定计划,也要有数亿美元保证它的顺利实施。”

The IOC’s reforms started after Bach’s election in September 2013. They also follow the situation in which Russia spent $51 billion on venues, and extra costs for the 2014 Sochi Olympics.

在巴赫于2013年9月当选主席后,国际奥委会的这些改革便开始实施。这些改革出现在俄罗斯2014年索契奥林匹克运动会在体育比赛场馆花费510亿美元和额外的花销之后。

In another decision Wednesday, the IOC chose Athens to host its 2021 meeting from June 24-26. It will include a presidential election with Bach expected to get a final four-year term without opposition.

在周三的另外一个决定中,国际奥委会将于2021年24到26日选择在雅典举办它下一届全会。会议将包括主席选举,巴赫希望在没有任何对手的情况下获得最后一次四年任期。

I’m Jonathan Evans.

乔纳森·埃文斯为您报道。

Olympic Committee Promises Changes to Way Cities, Countries Are Chosen

The International Olympic Committee is promising changes to how the Olympic Games are awarded.

This week, the IOC voted to give the Italian cities of Milan and Cortina the 2026 Winter Olympics.

On Wednesday, The IOC voted to reform the way host cities are chosen. The games may be hosted in several cities or countries at the same time. Host cities may be invited or they may be chosen without competition.

The International Olympic Committee wants to avoid the negative reports that often come with hosting the Olympic Games. Local people often face higher taxes and costly stadiums that are left unused when the Games are over.

The committee, which is based in Lausanne, Switzerland, has been angered by recent public votes in Europe and Canada that rejected the Olympics. Now, the IOC wants cities and countries to show public approval before asking to host the games.

“We cannot…continue to be damaged as we have in the past,” IOC member John Coates said. He presented the reforms, some of which have already been tested in the 2026 Winter Games competition.

On Monday, Milan and Cortina in northern Italy beat a joint offer by Stockholm, Sweden and Are, Latvia, for the 2026 Winter Games. Northern Italy’s population showed strong support for the Games, IOC studies showed.

Future Olympic cities will be required to use existing and temporary sports venues. Costly building projects will not be encouraged.

The Olympic Charter rule requiring hosts to be voted on seven years before a Summer or Winter Games will end. That rule was ignored in 2017 when Los Angeles was chosen 11 years before the 2028 Summer Games.

In fact, elections may be canceled.

The new process will create Olympic panels — one each for Summer and Winter Games — that will choose one or more countries. If there is more than one country, an election will be held.

IOC President Thomas Bach wants to avoid “too many losers.”

The new panels will have the power to have ongoing discussions with cities and may even request some cities to consider hosting an Olympics. The panels will report to the executive board, which will pick its members.

Coates said the process will create a list of potential cities that will extend into the future.

The IOC said it will not make the process difficult, and will not demand legal guarantees long before the Games, said Richard Pound. He is the longest serving member of the IOC.

But he added, “Once you make a decision on the host city, millions of people start to make plans based on that and hundreds of millions of dollars are committed to it.”

The IOC’s reforms started after Bach’s election in September 2013. They also follow the situation in which Russia spent $51 billion on venues, and extra costs for the 2014 Sochi Olympics.

In another decision Wednesday, the IOC chose Athens to host its 2021 meeting from June 24-26. It will include a presidential election with Bach expected to get a final four-year term without opposition.

I’m Jonathan Evans.

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

host – n. A place or organization that plays host to an event (such as a meeting or convention) provides the things that are needed for that event.

negative – adj. thinking about the bad qualities of someone or something :

stadium – n. a very large usually roofless building that has a large open area surrounded by many rows of seats and that is used for sports event

venue – n. the place where an event takes place

encourage – v. to make (something) more appealing or more likely to happen

panel – n. a group of people with special knowledge, skill, or experience who give advice or make decisions


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