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VOA慢速英语: 世界卫生组织称留尼汪岛患登革热人数上升

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WHO: Dengue Fever Numbers Rise on La Réunion

世界卫生组织: 留尼汪岛患登革热人数上升

The World Health Organization on Tuesday said tens of thousands of people are believed to be infected with dengue fever on La Réunion. The island -a French territory-is a popular vacation destination in the Indian Ocean.

世界卫生组织周二表示,据信有数万人在留尼汪岛感染了登革热。这个岛是法国的领土。它是印度洋上一个很受欢迎的度假胜地。

Dengue is a set of viruses found in tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. Humans get dengue from being bitten by mosquitos infected with the virus.

登革热是地球上的热带和亚热带地区发现的一系列病毒。 人类因被感染病毒的蚊子叮咬而得登革热。

Health officials on the island told the WHO of the disease outbreak in March 2018. About 50,000 probable cases of the disease were reported between 2018 and April of this year. That includes 22,000  so far in 2019, the health agency said in a statement.

岛上的卫生官员于2018年3月将这种疾病的爆发告诉了世界卫生组织。2018年至今年4月期间,报告了大约5万例疑似这种疾病的病例。卫生机构在一份声明中说,其中包括迄今为止2019年的2.2万例。

The WHO described the rise of confirmed and probable cases reported last year as unprecedented.

世界卫生组织称,去年报告的确诊病例和疑似病例数量的增长是前所未有的。

There is no treatment. But with early discovery and good medical care, fewer than one percent of people infected die from the disease.

虽然没有治疗方法,但是能够早期发现和受到良好的医疗护理,只有不到1%的感染者死于这种疾病。

The WHO said 14 people have died in the Réunion outbreak since 2018. The territory has a population of 866,500.

世界卫生组织称,自2018年以来,已有14人死于留尼汪岛的疾病爆发。该地区有86万6千5百人口。

Around the world, the number of dengue cases dropped from 2017 to 2018. But there has been a huge increase in 2019, especially in Vietnam, Australia, Cambodia, China, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore.

世界范围内,登革热感染病例从2017年到2018年的数量有所下降。但是在2019年有大幅上升,尤其是在越南、澳大利亚、柬埔寨、中国、老挝、马来西亚、菲律宾和新加坡这些地区。

More about dengue

关于登革热的更多知识

About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. Of those who do get sick, the symptoms can be mild to severe.

大约四分之一的登革热感染者会生病。生病的这些人中,症状从轻微到严重各不相同。

Severe dengue can be deadly and often requires hospitalization. Only a small percentage of people get severe dengue. Mild dengue can be mistaken for other sicknesses, such as influenza.

严重的登革热具有致命性并且需要留院观察。只有很小比例的人会得严重的登革热。轻微的登革热可能被误诊为其他疾病,例如流感。

Symptoms often begin four to seven days after being bitten and commonly last two days to one week. They can include high fever, severe headaches, fatigue, vomiting, and, in severe cases, bleeding.

症状往往在被叮咬后的四到七天开始显,通常情况会持续两天到一周的时间。 症状包括高烧、严重头痛、疲乏、呕吐,严重者可能会流血。

The first dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia, was approved in 2015 for use in Mexico, Brazil and the Philippines. Several other countries followed in 2016.

第一种登革热疫苗Dengvaxia于2015年获得批准,被用于墨西哥、巴西和菲律宾这些地区。 随后在2016年被应用于其他几个国家。 

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Dengvaxia in 2019. The WHO says the vaccine should not be given to people who have not had an earlier dengue infection.

美国的食品药物管理局在2019批准了Dengvaxia疫苗。世界卫生组织表示,这种疫苗不应该给那些之前没有感染过登革热病毒的人接种。

The World Health Organization notes that dengue fever is now common in over 100 countries. Forty percent of the world's population lives in an area at risk for dengue.

世界卫生组织指出,登革热目前在100多个国家十分普遍。世界上40%的人口生活在登革热的高危地区。

I'm Caty Weaver.

凯蒂·韦弗为您报道。

WHO: Dengue Fever Numbers Rise on La Réunion

The World Health Organization on Tuesday said tens of thousands of people are believed to be infected with dengue fever on La Réunion. The island - a French territory - is a popular vacation destination in the Indian Ocean.

Dengue is a set of viruses found in tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. Humans get dengue from being bitten by mosquitos infected with the virus.

Health officials on the island told the WHO of the disease outbreak in March 2018. About 50,000 probable cases of the disease were reported between 2018 and April of this year. That includes 22,000 so far in 2019, the health agency said in a statement.

The WHO described the rise of confirmed and probable cases reported last year as unprecedented.

There is no treatment. But with early discovery and good medical care, fewer than one percent of people infected die from the disease.

The WHO said 14 people have died in the Réunion outbreak since 2018. The territory has a population of 866,500.

Around the world, the number of dengue cases dropped from 2017 to 2018. But there has been a huge increase in 2019, especially in Vietnam, Australia, Cambodia, China, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore.

More about dengue

About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. Of those who do get sick, the symptoms can be mild to severe.

Severe dengue can be deadly and often requires hospitalization. Only a small percentage of people get severe dengue. Mild dengue can be mistaken for other sicknesses, such as influenza.

Symptoms often begin four to seven days after being bitten and commonly last two days to one week. They can include high fever, severe headaches, fatigue, vomiting, and, in severe cases, bleeding.

The first dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia, was approved in 2015 for use in Mexico, Brazil and the Philippines. Several other countries followed in 2016.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Dengvaxia in 2019. The WHO says the vaccine should not be given to people who have not had an earlier dengue infection.

The World Health Organization notes that dengue fever is now common in over 100 countries. Forty percent of the world's population lives in an area at risk for dengue.

I'm Caty Weaver.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

destination - n. a place to which a person is going or something is being sent

tropical - adj. of or relating to the part of the world that is near the equator where the weather is very warm

mosquito - n. a small flying insect that bites the skin of people and animals and sucks their blood

unprecedented - adj. not done or experienced before

symptom - n. a change in the body or mind which indicates that a disease is present

mild - adj. not harsh or severe

vomiting - gerund. the act of food or liquid that is in your stomach coming out through your mouth because you are sick (verb: vomit)


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