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VOA慢速英语:海平面上升会淹没夏威夷著名海滩吗

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Could Rising Sea Levels Flood Hawaii Famous Beaches?

海平面上升会淹没夏威夷著名海滩吗

Rising sea levels could flood Hawaii’s famous Waikiki Beach and the city streets of Honolulu in the next 15 to 20 years.

持续上升的海平线可能会导致夏威夷著名的威基基海滩和火奴鲁鲁(又名檀香山)的城市街道在未来的15年到20年里遭遇洪水灾害。

That information comes from a state climate commission. The commission also shared a video showing how flooding and erosion already affect many parts of Hawaii.

这则消息来自一个州气候委员会。这个委员会也分享了一段关于夏威夷很多地区是如何受到洪水和侵蚀影响的视频。

That is not good news for a state where tourism is the main driver of the economy. Hawaiian lawmakers are trying to pass new laws that would involve spending millions of dollars to protect coastlines and cities from rising tides.

这对于一个靠旅游业作为主要经济驱动力的州来说无疑是一则坏消息。夏威夷的立法者正在尽力通过一些新的法律条文。这些法律条文将包含投资数百万美元用于保护海岸线和城市免受上升潮汐的影响这些内容。

State Representative Chris Lee has put forward a bill calling for a coastline protection plan. He said, “The latest data on sea level rise is quite scary and it’s accelerating faster than we ever thought possible.”

州议会议员克里斯·李已经提出了一项议案来呼吁一个海岸线保护计划。他提到:“关于海平线上升的最新数据是令人非常恐慌的,并且其加速增长的速率比远我们可以考虑到的任何可能性都快。”

Lee added that the program would center on Honolulu, Hawaii’s capital. But it could become a test program for other coastal communities around the state.

李补充到此次项目将重点放在保护夏威夷州首府火奴鲁鲁上。但是它对于其他夏威夷周围沿海地区来说能够成为一次实验性项目。

Hawaii has rarely been directly hit by hurricanes. However, Lee writes in the bill that warming oceans increase the risk of hurricanes for the state. The bill estimates that if a major hurricane made landfall in Hawaii, it would cost $40 billion for the state to recover.

过去夏威夷很少直接受到飓风袭击。但是,李在议案中写道,变暖的海洋增加了该州遭遇飓风袭击的可能性。该议案预估到,如果一次大型飓风在夏威夷着陆,那么夏威夷将需要花费四百亿美元来修复飓风造成的损失。

Lee said, “The loss of coastal property and infrastructure, increased cost for storm damage and insurance, and loss of life are inevitable if nothing is done….”

李提到,“如果不采取任何措施……沿海财物和基础设施的损失、暴风雨造成的损失和保险两项增加的费用以及人员伤亡等都是不可避免的”

The proposed legislation is similar to action taken by New York City in 2012, after a major storm led to $19 billion in damage in the city. The Hawaii bill also seeks more research into a carbon tax that could raise money and lower the state’s dependence on fossil fuels.

这次被提出的立法与2012年纽约在遭受强暴风雨袭击之后采取的措施很相似,而那次暴风雨给纽约这座城市带了190亿美元的损失。这个夏威夷议案也谋求关于碳排放税的更多调查研究,这将有利于集资并降低该州对化石燃料的依赖程度。

Democrats lead both houses of Hawaii’s legislature. The state traditionally has taken a leading role on climate issues. Lee said state lawmakers are to meet in the coming weeks to discuss final changes before sending the bill to Hawaii Governor David Ige. Ige, who is also a Democrat, has not said whether he would sign the bill.

民主党派成员领导了夏威夷的两个立法机构。在解决气候问题方面起主导作用一直是该州的传统。李说道,州立法人员在未来几周需要开会讨论关于将该议案送到夏威夷州长大卫·伊格手里之前做最后修改的问题。伊格也是一名民主党派成员。他还没有宣布是否要签署该议案。

The bill comes two years after the sea level rise adaptation report was made public as a guideline for future legislative action and planning.

该议案出现在海平面上升适应报告发表两年之后。该报告成为后来立法活动和计划的指导纲要。

Research included in the report suggests Hawaii will see nearly a one-meter rise in ocean levels by the end of this century. It predicts that more than 6,000 of the state’s buildings and 20,000 people across all of Hawaii’s islands will experience continuing flooding.

这项报告中的研究调查显示夏威夷在本世纪末将面临着其周围海平面提升将近一米的局面。报告预测超过6000的州上建筑和整个夏威夷群岛上20,000人将面临着持续的洪水袭击。

The report says roads, bridges and beaches will be washed away. And the state’s seaports and airports will likely also be affected.

报告还提到道路、桥梁和海滩也会被洪水冲走。并且该州上的海港和飞机场也很可能会受到影响。

The report was updated in September to included newly published?research. The new research warns that previous estimates of flooding could be 35 to 54 percent lower.

报告在九月份被再次更新,更新后的报告包含了新发布的调查研究。新的研究警告道,目前对洪水的预测可能比实际的伤害力要低35%到54%。

University of Hawaii researcher Tiffany Anderson led the study. Anderson said she was surprised by the large increase when the effect of beach erosion was added to the study. She said, “We found out it covers a lot more land ... I wasn’t expecting such a large increase…”

夏威夷大学的研究人员蒂芙尼·安德森指导了此次研究。安德森说当把海滩的侵蚀包括在研究里时,她对(洪水伤害力)的剧增而感到很震惊。她说:“我们发现海滩侵蚀包含了很多更多的陆地……我没有预想(洪水伤害力)能有如此大幅度的增长……”

State Representative Nicole Lowen said people hoping to build near the coast should already be wary. She also warned that sea level rise and climate change would impact “an economy that’s so heavily based on tourism …”

州议会议员妮可·洛温说想要沿海岸建房的人需要小心谨慎了。她还警告道,海平面的上升和气候的变化会对“一个在很大程度上需要依赖旅游业来发展的经济……”有很大的影响。

I'm Pete Musto.

皮特·穆斯特报道。

 

Could Rising Sea Levels Flood Hawaii Famous Beaches?

Rising sea levels could flood Hawaii’s famous Waikiki Beach and the city streets of Honolulu in the next 15 to 20 years.

That information comes from a state climate commission. The commission also shared a video showing how flooding and erosion already affect many parts of Hawaii.

That is not good news for a state where tourism is the main driver of the economy. Hawaiian lawmakers are trying to pass new laws that would involve spending millions of dollars to protect coastlines and cities from rising tides.

State Representative Chris Lee has put forward a bill calling for a coastline protection plan. He said, “The latest data on sea level rise is quite scary and it’s accelerating faster than we ever thought possible.”

Lee added that the program would center on Honolulu, Hawaii’s capital. But it could become a test program for other coastal communities around the state.

Hawaii has rarely been directly hit by hurricanes. However, Lee writes in the bill that warming oceans increase the risk of hurricanes for the state. The bill estimates that if a major hurricane made landfall in Hawaii, it would cost $40 billion for the state to recover.

Lee said, “The loss of coastal property and infrastructure, increased cost for storm damage and insurance, and loss of life are inevitable if nothing is done….”

The proposed legislation is similar to action taken by New York City in 2012, after a major storm led to $19 billion in damage in the city. The Hawaii bill also seeks more research into a carbon tax that could raise money and lower the state’s dependence on fossil fuels.

Democrats lead both houses of Hawaii’s legislature. The state traditionally has taken a leading role on climate issues. Lee said state lawmakers are to meet in the coming weeks to discuss final changes before sending the bill to Hawaii Governor David Ige. Ige, who is also a Democrat, has not said whether he would sign the bill.

The bill comes two years after the sea level rise adaptation report was made public as a guideline for future legislative action and planning.

Research included in the report suggests Hawaii will see nearly a one-meter rise in ocean levels by the end of this century. It predicts that more than 6,000 of the state’s buildings and 20,000 people across all of Hawaii’s islands will experience continuing flooding.

The report says roads, bridges and beaches will be washed away. And the state’s seaports and airports will likely also be affected.

The report was updated in September to included newly published?research. The new research warns that previous estimates of flooding could be 35 to 54 percent lower.

University of Hawaii researcher Tiffany Anderson led the study. Anderson said she was surprised by the large increase when the effect of beach erosion was added to the study. She said, “We found out it covers a lot more land ... I wasn’t expecting such a large increase…”

State Representative Nicole Lowen said people hoping to build near the coast should already be wary. She also warned that sea level rise and climate change would impact “an economy that’s so heavily based on tourism …”

I'm Pete Musto.


内容来自 VOA英语学习网https://www.chinavoa.com/show-8742-241652-1.html
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