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VOA慢速英语:安哥拉缺乏洁净水,“快递服务”应运而生

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Lack of Clean Water in Angola Leads to Delivery Services

安哥拉缺乏洁净水,“快递服务”应运而生

In recent years, Angola has become one of the richest countries in Africa. One reason is money earned by Angola’s oil industry. In 2017, business advisory service Mercer named the capital, Luanda, the most costly city for foreigners to live in.

近些年来,安哥拉成为非洲最富有的国家之一,其中一个原因就是安哥拉的石油业非常赚钱。2017年,商业咨询服务公司默瑟认为首都罗安达是外国人居住花费最高的城市。

But, many Luandans do not have access to even basic needs.

但是,罗安达很多居民甚至无法满足生活最基本的需求。

Luanda is surrounded on three sides by water: the Bengo and Cuanza Rivers and the Atlantic Ocean. Yet only half of its eight million people have access to clean, running water.

罗安达三面环水:本戈河、宽扎河还有大西洋,但是8百万人口中只有一半的人能饮用上干净的自来水。

Many people in and around Angola’s capital must use untreated water for everyday activities – and even for work.

很多生活在首都安哥拉或周边城市的居民在日常生活甚至是工作中不得不使用未处理水。

Car washers like Herminio Chitembo, for example, use untreated sewagewater to earn a living.

例如,洗车工赫米尼奥·吉登博就是使用未处理的污水洗车来谋生。

Chitembo says he and other car washers do this kind of work for survival. They are unemployed — that is why they are here.

吉登博说,他和另外的洗车工都是为了生存才做这个工作的,他们失业了,所以在这儿谋生。

The United Nations Children’s Agency reports that nationwide, forty-four percent of Angolans still do not have access to clean water.

联合国儿童署的报告说,全国范围内,仍有44%的安哥拉人无法获得洁净水。

Agency representative Patricia Portela De Sousa says a lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation systems and hygiene are the main causes of infectious diseases. She said this “means that many people are in danger.” Not having safe water, she added, equals a high chance of getting diseases and even dying.

儿童署代表帕特里夏·波泰拉·德苏萨说安全饮用水缺乏,卫生系统不完善和个人卫生差是传染病的主要原因。她说:“这意味着很多人都处在危险之中。”她补充说,没有安全的水资源等同于高患病率甚至死亡率。

Angolan officials are working to improve access. But the lack of clean water is a business opportunity for hundreds of young men. They bring drinking water to buyers across the city.

安哥拉政府努力改善这种状况。然而,缺乏洁净水对许多年轻人来说是一个商机,他们穿城越市把饮用水带给买家。

Eliseu André Paulo says people need this water because, in the neighborhood where they sell it, there is no water at all. There are water taps, but the taps have never had running water.

埃利塞乌·安德列德·保罗说人们需要这样的水,因为在他们卖水的地区,几乎没有一点儿水,有水龙头,但是从来没有自来水。

The United States Agency for International Development found that Angola has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in water and sanitation infrastructure in recent years. But continuous access to improved water and sanitation remains an issue.

美国国际开发署发现,最近几年,安哥拉已经投资了数亿美元改善水资源和卫生基础设施,但是继续改善水源状况和卫生条件仍然是一个难题。

The Public Water Company of Luanda, known as EPAL, admits there is a serious water shortage.

罗安达公共水务公司(EPAL)承认该地区水资源严重短缺。

EPAL representative Vladimir Bernardo says Luanda’s water company has an average production level of 540,000 cubic meters of water per day. But the daily need is over a million cubic meters.

EPAL代表弗拉基米尔·贝尔纳多说罗安达的水务公司平均每天生产54万立方米水,但是每天的需求量超过1百万立方米。

Luanda’s water company says financial issues have slowed progress, but its current infrastructure projects will soon improve access to clean water.

罗安达水务公司说经济问题影响了发展,但是最近的基础设施建设工程即将改善获取洁净水的现状。

For now, Angolans do their best to survive, using the dirty water they have or the clean water they can sell.

目前,安哥拉人用既有的污水或者可以售卖的洁净水努力地生存着。

I’m Alice Bryant.

爱丽丝·布莱恩特报道。

 

Lack of Clean Water in Angola Leads to Delivery Services

In recent years, Angola has become one of the richest countries in Africa. One reason is money earned by Angola’s oil industry. In 2017, business advisory service Mercer named the capital, Luanda, the most costly city for foreigners to live in.

But, many Luandans do not have access to even basic needs.

Luanda is surrounded on three sides by water: the Bengo and Cuanza Rivers and the Atlantic Ocean. Yet only half of its eight million people have access to clean, running water.

Many people in and around Angola’s capital must use untreated water for everyday activities – and even for work.

Car washers like Herminio Chitembo, for example, use untreated sewagewater to earn a living.

Chitembo says he and other car washers do this kind of work for survival. They are unemployed — that is why they are here.

The United Nations Children’s Agency reports that nationwide, forty-four percent of Angolans still do not have access to clean water.

Agency representative Patricia Portela De Sousa says a lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation systems and hygiene are the main causes of infectious diseases. She said this “means that many people are in danger.” Not having safe water, she added, equals a high chance of getting diseases and even dying.

Angolan officials are working to improve access. But the lack of clean water is a business opportunity for hundreds of young men. They bring drinking water to buyers across the city.

Eliseu André Paulo says people need this water because, in the neighborhood where they sell it, there is no water at all. There are water taps, but the taps have never had running water.

The United States Agency for International Development found that Angola has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in water and sanitation infrastructure in recent years. But continuous access to improved water and sanitation remains an issue.

The Public Water Company of Luanda, known as EPAL, admits there is a serious water shortage.

EPAL representative Vladimir Bernardo says Luanda’s water company has an average production level of 540,000 cubic meters of water per day. But the daily need is over a million cubic meters.

Luanda’s water company says financial issues have slowed progress, but its current infrastructure projects will soon improve access to clean water.

For now, Angolans do their best to survive, using the dirty water they have or the clean water they can sell.

I’m Alice Bryant.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

access – n. a way of being able to use or get something

sewage – n. waste material that is carried away from homes and other buildings in a system of pipes

sanitation – n. the process of keeping places free from dirt, infection and disease by removing waste and garbage

hygiene – n. the things that you do to keep yourself and your surroundings clean in order to maintain good health

opportunity – n. a chance to do something

tap – n. a device for controlling the flow of a liquid or gas from a pipe or container

infrastructure – n. the basic equipment and structures (such as roads and bridges) that are needed for a country or place to function properly


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