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科学美国人60秒: 科技对大脑的反应 答案很复杂

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Tech's Brain Effect: It's Complicated

科技对大脑的反应 答案很复杂

“Clearly, technology is helping us research the brain, but how is the brain responding to technology?”

“显然,科技正在帮助我们研究大脑,那么大脑对科技的反应如何?”

NYU neuroscientist Alexandra Ochoa Cohen.

纽约大学神经学家亚历山德拉·奥乔亚·科恩说道.

“There’s been a lot of mostly negative hype around this issue, often referred to as screen time, and how it’s ruining all of our lives. And while there’ve been a few studies that have examined these questions, the truth is that everything we encounter changes our brains. And we just don’t have the data right now to say how meaningful these changes actually are.”

“关于这个问题有很多负面的炒作,通常被称为屏幕时间,以及它是如何毁掉我们所有人的生活的。虽然已经有一些研究对这些问题进行了研究,但事实是,我们遇到的每件事都会改变我们的大脑。只是现在没有数据来说明这些变化到底有多大意义。”

Cohen spoke March 21st, at the Cooper Union in Manhattan, during a discussion called Our Brain on A.I. [Artificial Intelligence]: Who’s In Control, Me or the Machine?

科恩于3月21日在曼哈顿库珀联盟的一次名为“我们的大脑对人工智能的看法”(Our Brain on ai)的讨论中发表了言论:”谁在控制,我还是机器?”

“In fact, a recent study examining over 350,000 adolescents found a small but negative association with technology use and well-being, but they also found similar relationships between eating potatoes and wearing eyeglasses and well-being. And yet we don’t ask if potatoes and eyeglasses have destroyed a generation.”

“事实上,最近一项对35万多名青少年进行的研究发现,科技使用和幸福感之间存在一种虽小但消极的联系,但他们也发现,吃土豆和戴眼镜与幸福感之间也存在类似的关系。”但我们不会问土豆和眼镜是否毁了一代人。”

That study, titled “The association between adolescent well-being and digital technology use,” appeared this January in the journal Nature Human Behaviour.

这项名为“青少年幸福感与数字技术使用之间的关系”的研究发表在今年1月的《自然人类行为》杂志上。

“Part of the issue in studying how technology influences our brain is that there are so many different forms of technology that often all get lumped into one category. So how we use technology, what specific technology we use, and what we use it for will be important variables to define in future research.

“研究科技如何影响我们大脑的部分问题在于,有太多不同形式的科技常常被归为一类。所以我们如何使用技术,我们使用什么特定的技术,以及我们使用它的目的将是未来研究中定义的重要变量。

“And even as we do more and better research on these topics, the answer is still likely to be that it’s complicated. In a way, we’re all part of a massive experiment in how technology is influencing our brains, and there will almost certainly be both positive and negative outcomes. So studies that track individuals’ behavioral and brain development over time will be particularly important. Like the ABCD, or Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development Study, which is currently following over 10,000 kids for 10 years. And this kind of research will be especially important in helping us to figure out what lasting influences technology has on our brains.”

“即使我们对这些问题做了更多更好的研究,答案仍然可能很复杂。在某种程度上,都是科技如何影响我们大脑的大规模实验的一部分,而且几乎肯定会有正面和负面的结果。因此,跟踪个人行为和大脑发育的研究将变得尤为重要。比如ABCD,即青少年大脑和认知发展研究,该研究目前对一万多名儿童进行了为期十年的跟踪调查。这类研究对于帮助我们找到答案尤其重要。

Tech's Brain Effect: It's Complicated

“Clearly, technology is helping us research the brain, but how is the brain responding to technology?”

NYU neuroscientist Alexandra Ochoa Cohen.

“There’s been a lot of mostly negative hype around this issue, often referred to as screen time, and how it’s ruining all of our lives. And while there’ve been a few studies that have examined these questions, the truth is that everything we encounter changes our brains. And we just don’t have the data right now to say how meaningful these changes actually are.”

Cohen spoke March 21st, at the Cooper Union in Manhattan, during a discussion called Our Brain on A.I. [Artificial Intelligence]: Who’s In Control, Me or the Machine?

“In fact, a recent study examining over 350,000 adolescents found a small but negative association with technology use and well-being, but they also found similar relationships between eating potatoes and wearing eyeglasses and well-being. And yet we don’t ask if potatoes and eyeglasses have destroyed a generation.”

That study, titled “The association between adolescent well-being and digital technology use,” appeared this January in the journal Nature Human Behaviour.

“Part of the issue in studying how technology influences our brain is that there are so many different forms of technology that often all get lumped into one category. So how we use technology, what specific technology we use, and what we use it for will be important variables to define in future research.

“And even as we do more and better research on these topics, the answer is still likely to be that it’s complicated. In a way, we’re all part of a massive experiment in how technology is influencing our brains, and there will almost certainly be both positive and negative outcomes. So studies that track individuals’ behavioral and brain development over time will be particularly important. Like the ABCD, or Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development Study, which is currently following over 10,000 kids for 10 years. And this kind of research will be especially important in helping us to figure out what lasting influences technology has on our brains.”


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