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科学美国人60秒: 肖邦的音乐也助于放松

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'Relaxation Music' Works--But So Does Chopin

肖邦的音乐也助于放松

There's a whole genre of music called "relaxation music." Also called "Meditative Binaural Music," because it includes sounds recorded in stereo, and sometimes sine tones with a beating pattern, called 'binaural beats.' But is all that any more relaxing than some gentle Chopin?

有一种音乐叫做“放松音乐”。<<剪辑:冬至黎明>>也叫“冥想双耳音乐”,因为它包括立体声录音的声音,有时还包括有节奏的正弦音调,称为“双耳节拍”。“但这一切比一些柔和的肖邦更令人放松吗?”<<片段:肖邦夜曲2号在降E大调>>

Researchers attempted to answer that question by sitting 30 people, aged 18 to 80, in a comfy chair, one at a time, with noise-cancelling headphones on. On a desk in front of them was a slider, on which they could indicate their changing levels of alertness versus relaxation, as the researchers played new-agey calming music ; the subdued Chopin… or a more lively piece by Mozart.

为了回答这个问题,研究人员让30名年龄在18岁到80岁之间的人坐在舒适的椅子上,一个一个地坐着,戴上降噪耳机。在他们面前的桌子上放着一个滑块,在滑块上他们可以显示他们的警觉和放松程度的变化,当研究人员播放新的agey平静音乐<<剪辑:Loxley Sansula>>;肖邦:降E大调>>中的肖邦夜曲2号,或者莫扎特更活泼的作品。<<剪辑:莫扎特降b大调>>套曲

Based on the slider info, the participants were all jolted into alertness by Mozart's strings, regardless of age. And the "relaxation music" was indeed a relative chill pill. But not any more of one than the Chopin. And in a post-listening survey, only listeners in their teens and 20s described feeling slightly more sedate when listening to harps and birds chirping in stereo. All of which suggests that relaxation music, while effective, doesn't have any unique soothing powers compared with peaceful classical music. And that’s true even when the relaxation music has 'binaural beats.' The study is in the Journal of Music Therapy.

根据滑块信息,所有的参与者都被莫扎特的琴弦震醒了,而不管他们的年龄。而“放松音乐”确实是一剂相对较冷的药丸。但不会比肖邦的作品多。在一项听后调查中,只有十几岁和二十几岁的听众描述说,当他们听竖琴和鸟儿在立体声环境中鸣叫时,会感觉稍微安静一些。所有这些都表明,与宁静的古典音乐相比,舒缓的音乐虽然有效,却没有任何独特的舒缓力量。即使是有双耳节拍的放松音乐也是如此。这项研究发表在《音乐疗法杂志》(Journal of Music Therapy)上。

Still, the scientists say the new relaxation music has its advantages. It's got fewer cultural connotations than classical music—which could be preferable in, say, a hospital waiting room. And if you're trying to relax before bed, the new stuff is probably not as likely to get stuck in your head.

尽管如此,科学家们说这种新的放松音乐有它的优点。它的文化内涵比古典音乐要少——比如说,在医院的候诊室,古典音乐更受欢迎。如果你想在睡觉前放松一下,新东西可能就不会卡在你的脑子里了。

'Relaxation Music' Works--But So Does Chopin

There's a whole genre of music called "relaxation music." <> Also called "Meditative Binaural Music," because it includes sounds recorded in stereo, and sometimes sine tones with a beating pattern, called 'binaural beats.' But is all that any more relaxing than some gentle Chopin?

Researchers attempted to answer that question by sitting 30 people, aged 18 to 80, in a comfy chair, one at a time, with noise-cancelling headphones on. On a desk in front of them was a slider, on which they could indicate their changing levels of alertness versus relaxation, as the researchers played new-agey calming music; the subdued Chopin… or a more lively piece by Mozart.

Based on the slider info, the participants were all jolted into alertness by Mozart's strings, regardless of age. And the "relaxation music" was indeed a relative chill pill. But not any more of one than the Chopin. And in a post-listening survey, only listeners in their teens and 20s described feeling slightly more sedate when listening to harps and birds chirping in stereo. All of which suggests that relaxation music, while effective, doesn't have any unique soothing powers compared with peaceful classical music. And that’s true even when the relaxation music has 'binaural beats.' The study is in the Journal of Music Therapy.

Still, the scientists say the new relaxation music has its advantages. It's got fewer cultural connotations than classical music—which could be preferable in, say, a hospital waiting room. And if you're trying to relax before bed, the new stuff is probably not as likely to get stuck in your head.


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