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科学美国人60秒: 熊猫特别喜欢唱歌

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Pandas Swoon To Particular Croons

熊猫特别喜欢唱歌

If you're a giant panda, this sound means romance.

如果你是一只大熊猫,这个声音意味着浪漫。

"I wouldn't call it a romantic serenade " Megan Owen, a conservation biologist at the San Diego Zoo’s Institute for Conservation Research. "There's nothing soft or demure about it."

“我不认为这是一首浪漫的小夜曲,”圣地亚哥动物园自然保护研究所的生物学家梅根·欧文说。“这没什么温柔或端庄的。

And yet: that sound, called a bleat, "that's B-L-E-A-T, just like a goat" signals that a panda couple has hit it off, and copulation is nigh.

然而,那被称为“咩咩叫”的声音,“那是B-L-E-A-T,就像一只山羊”,这是一对熊猫夫妇相恋的信号,而亲密也就近在咫尺。

Owen and her colleagues analyzed more than 2,500 panda sounds recorded during breeding introductions, and analyzed the audio’s acoustic qualities. Their study, in the journal Royal Society Open Science, is a sort of how-to guide for panda breeders, cataloguing the various vocal characteristics of a blind date: an uninterested roar or bark; a more ambiguous chirp; or an amorous bleat.

欧文和同事分析了2500多只大熊猫在繁育过程中记录下来的声音,并分析了这些声音的音质。研究结果发表在《皇家学会开放科学》杂志上,研究结果是关于对熊猫饲养者的一种指导方法,对相亲对象的各种声音特征进行了分类:毫无兴趣的吼叫或吠叫;更模糊的啁啾;或者是多情的呜咽。

Decoding the sounds could be important not just for boosting panda numbers, Owen says, but for avoiding very bad dates. "These are bears and they have sharp teeth and claws and they can do a lot of damage to one another if they don't want to be around each other."

欧文说,解码这些声音可能不仅对提高熊猫的数量很重要,对避免糟糕的约会也很重要。“他们到底是熊啊,它们有锋利的牙齿和爪子,如果它们不想待在一起,它们会对彼此造成很大伤害。”

And these fine-tuned communication skills also make the case that the social lives of pandas are anything but black and white.

而这些精心调整的沟通技巧也证明了熊猫的社交生活并不是毫无技巧可言的。

If you're a giant panda, this sound means romance.

"I wouldn't call it a romantic serenade " Megan Owen, a conservation biologist at the San Diego Zoo’s Institute for Conservation Research. "There's nothing soft or demure about it."

And yet: that sound, called a bleat, "that's B-L-E-A-T, just like a goat" signals that a panda couple has hit it off, and copulation is nigh.

Owen and her colleagues analyzed more than 2,500 panda sounds recorded during breeding introductions, and analyzed the audio’s acoustic qualities. Their study, in the journal Royal Society Open Science, is a sort of how-to guide for panda breeders, cataloguing the various vocal characteristics of a blind date: an uninterested roar or bark; a more ambiguous chirp <>; or an amorous bleat.

Decoding the sounds could be important not just for boosting panda numbers, Owen says, but for avoiding very bad dates. "These are bears and they have sharp teeth and claws and they can do a lot of damage to one another if they don't want to be around each other."

And these fine-tuned communication skills also make the case that the social lives of pandas are anything but black and white.


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