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科学美国人60秒: 理性社交

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Tally up all your 'regular spots'—places you visit on a weekly basis like restaurants, markets, parks. And what do you get? A new study says that most of us limit our hangouts to some 25 places."So every time we adopt a new place, we abandon another one. This is how we reshape our routines." Andrea Baronchelli, a physicist at City, University of London. "So we are actually boring at any point in time. But over the course of time we change the places we are boring in."

把你所有的“常规景点”——比如餐馆、市场和公园——都记录下来。会得到什么结果?一项新的研究表明,我们中的大多数人,把自己的休闲时间限制在25个地方。所以,每次我们搬到一个新的地方,我们就会放弃另一个。这就是我们重塑常规的方式。Andrea Baronchelli是伦敦大学的物理学家。所以,我们在任何时候都很无聊。但随着时间的推移,我们改变了无聊的地方。

Baronchelli and his team analyzed the movements of nearly 40,000 people worldwide, using mostly anonymized location data from the Sony Lifelog app. And they found that—regardless of age, gender, geographic location—as users explored new places, they maintained a steady roster of about 25 regular haunts.

Baronchelli和他的团队分析了全球近4万人的移动情况,使用的大多是来自索尼在线生活应用程序的匿名位置数据。

"I think this is really a universal, a deep property of us as humans, of the way we balance this tension between exploration and exploitation."

“我认为,这真的是一种普遍现象,我们作为人类的一种深层属性,我们在探索和开发之间,平衡这种紧张关系的方式。”

The researchers did see a link between how active study subjects were socially and the number of spots they frequented. People who were more active had a slightly higher number of regular spots. The scientists estimated social activity by phone calls, texts and Facebook interactions. That finding suggests that our friends could ramp up our exploratory behavior. The results are in the journal Nature Human Behavior.

研究人员确实发现了活跃的研究对象的社交程度,和他们经常光顾的场所数量之间的联系。那些更活跃的人,有更多的正常斑点。科学家们通过电话、短信和脸书互动来评估社交活动。这一研究发现表明,我们的朋友可以加强我们的探索行为。该研究结果发表在《自然人类行为》杂志上。

The researchers themselves admit that their lunch routine is in keeping with their discovery. "Every day we say we should try something else, and then we say, 'maybe tomorrow.'"

研究人员自己承认,他们的午餐习惯与他们的发现相符。“每天我们都说我们应该试试别的,然后我们说,‘也许明天吧

Tally up all your 'regular spots'—places you visit on a weekly basis like restaurants, markets, parks. And what do you get? A new study says that most of us limit our hangouts to some 25 places."So every time we adopt a new place, we abandon another one. This is how we reshape our routines." Andrea Baronchelli, a physicist at City, University of London. "So we are actually boring at any point in time. But over the course of time we change the places we are boring in."

Baronchelli and his team analyzed the movements of nearly 40,000 people worldwide, using mostly anonymized location data from the Sony Lifelog app. And they found that—regardless of age, gender, geographic location—as users explored new places, they maintained a steady roster of about 25 regular haunts.

"I think this is really a universal, a deep property of us as humans, of the way we balance this tension between exploration and exploitation."

The researchers did see a link between how active study subjects were socially and the number of spots they frequented. People who were more active had a slightly higher number of regular spots. The scientists estimated social activity by phone calls, texts and Facebook interactions. That finding suggests that our friends could ramp up our exploratory behavior. The results are in the journal Nature Human Behavior.

The researchers themselves admit that their lunch routine is in keeping with their discovery. "Every day we say we should try something else, and then we say, 'maybe tomorrow.'"


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