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睡眠过多或过少都会引起疾病

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Lots or Little Sleep Linked to Sick Days

睡眠过多或过少都会引起疾病

Shakespeare called sleep the chief nourisher in life’s feast. But today we know it’s so much more. Insufficient sleep contributes to the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity. And now a study finds that too little or too much sleep are both associated with a significant increase in sick days away from work.

莎士比亚称睡眠为人生盛宴中最重要的营养物。但是今天我们对睡眠了解的更多。睡眠不足有导致心血管疾病、糖尿病和肥胖症的风险。而且现在的一项研究发现,睡眠过多或过少都会显著的增加我们请病假远离工作的时间。

Almost 4,000 men and women between 30 and 64 years old (in Finland) participated in the study, which followed them for seven years. The research revealed that the absence from work due to illness increased dramatically for those who said they slept less than six hours or more than nine hours per night. The sleep time that was associated with the lowest number of sick days was seven hours 38 minutes for women and seven hours 46 minutes for men. The study is in the journal Sleep. [Tea Lallukka, Sleep and Sickness Absence: A Nationally Representative Register-Based Follow-Up Study]

30岁-64岁之间的4000名芬兰男性和女性参与了这项研究,研究人员跟踪研究来了他们7年。研究表明,那些称自己每晚睡眠时间少于6小时或多于9小时的人们,因病缺席工作的时间大幅增加。研究发现请病假天数最少的女性的睡眠时间是每天7小时38分,男性是6小时46分钟。这项研究被发表在《睡眠》杂志上。

Of course these findings are associative and not necessarily causal. Other factors may be responsible for the under- or oversleeping to begin with. But sleep patterns are still a warning sign for increased illness and health complications. Shakespeare put it best: Sleep…that knits up the ravell’d sleave of care.

—Christie Nicholson

当然这些发现之间的联系并不一定是有因果关系的。其他因素也可能导致最初的睡眠不足或睡过头。但是睡眠模式的不合理仍然是增加疾病和引起健康并发症的一个警告信号。莎士比亚对睡眠的阐释最佳:睡眠把松散的护理的细丝织补在一起。——克里斯蒂·尼克尔森

Lots or Little Sleep Linked to Sick Days

Shakespeare called sleep the chief nourisher in life’s feast. But today we know it’s so much more. Insufficient sleep contributes to the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity. And now a study finds that too little or too much sleep are both associated with a significant increase in sick days away from work.

Almost 4,000 men and women between 30 and 64 years old (in Finland) participated in the study, which followed them for seven years. The research revealed that the absence from work due to illness increased dramatically for those who said they slept less than six hours or more than nine hours per night. The sleep time that was associated with the lowest number of sick days was seven hours 38 minutes for women and seven hours 46 minutes for men. The study is in the journal Sleep. [Tea Lallukka, Sleep and Sickness Absence: A Nationally Representative Register-Based Follow-Up Study]

Of course these findings are associative and not necessarily causal. Other factors may be responsible for the under- or oversleeping to begin with. But sleep patterns are still a warning sign for increased illness and health complications. Shakespeare put it best: Sleep…that knits up the ravell’d sleave of care.

—Christie Nicholson


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