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VOA慢速英语: 写记叙文:如何选择词汇

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Writing the Narrative Essay: How to Find the Words

写作记叙文:如何找词汇

This is the VOA Learning English Education Report.

这里是美国之音英语学习的教育报道。

A student from overseas did well on a research paper for an American college. She said, “Research takes up space, and the words in the research are correct because the writing is in English.” Now, however, she has to write a narrative essay in her own words.

一所美国大学的一名海外留学生在研究论文写作方面做的非常好。她说:“研究占据很大一部分,而且因为是用英语写作,所以研究中词语的选择很准确。”现在,她需要用她自己的话写一篇记叙文。

She is afraid she does not know enough English.

她恐怕不知道那么多的英语记叙文词汇。

Such a paper can be hard for anyone. Experts at Purdue University in Indiana define a narrative essay as “often anecdotal, experiential and personal.” In other words, this kind of essay usually tells a story from the writer’s experience. It is about something the writer has lived.

写一篇记叙文对任何人来说都不容易。印第安纳州普度大学的专家这样定义记叙文“通常是趣闻轶事、一些体验和个人经历。”换句话说,这种类型的文章讲述一个作者的经历,关于他生活的一些事迹。

A narrative essay usually provides an insight. For example, such essays might be named “How I Won the 100-Meter Dash” or “How I Came to Study in the United States.” It is often written in the first person – the “I” form. And it offers a chance for creative writing, for expressing yourself about yourself in the paper.

记叙文通常给人一种认识。例如:一些记叙文的题目是“我如何赢得100米短跑”或者“我怎么来到美国学习的”记叙文通常都是用第一人称“我”来写。这为创造性的写作提供了一种机会:在论文中表达你自己的机会。

The Purdue experts say that if your narrative essay is written as a story, you need to provide an introduction, a plot, a setting, a climax and a conclusion or ending. Often the narrative essay requires characters as well. And this essay usually follows events in the order they happened.

普度大学的专家说如果你的记叙文是作为一个故事来写,你需要有开始介绍、情节、高潮和结果。通常记叙文还需要有人物。而且故事通常跟随情节发展变化。

Judith Baumel is a poet and a professor at Adelphi University in New York.

朱迪斯·鲍梅尔是纽约艾德菲大学的诗人兼教授。

“Sometimes I ask students to remember an early moment with their parents and sort of think about where they were physically. Think about what was in front of them, what was behind them, what was above them, below them. Just describe it out.”

“有时,我要求学生记起早些时候与父母待在一起的时光,思考一下他们所处的位置,想想面前的是什么,身后的是什么,上面是什么,脚踩的又是什么,把这些描述出来。”

Professor Baumel describes the exercise as remarkable. Says she learned it from another writer, graphic novelist Lynda Barry.

鲍梅尔教授称这样的练习很有成效。她从另外一名图画小说作家琳达·巴瑞那里学到这一方法。 

Ms. Baumel also has advice for English students who worry about not using the right words. She says the language has a great vocabulary.

鲍梅尔对担心正确不会使用词汇的学生一些建议。她说英语有很大的词汇量。 

“And that’s a real bonus for students who are just learning English. You really can play around with the vocabulary pretty early (in the process of learning the language).”

“大词汇量对于想要学习英语的学生来说确实是个好处。(在学习一门语言的过程中)可以了解运用词汇。”

She says she introduces language learners to the thesaurus, which she calls“ a great resource.” A thesaurus is a kind of dictionary. It can help you replace a word with a synonym, another word having the same or similar meaning. Sometimes it also provides antonyms -- words with opposite or nearly opposite meanings from the word you are replacing.

她给语言学习者介绍同义词与反义词词典,她称之为“一种丰富的资源”,它是字典的一种,能够帮助你用另一个具有相同或相似意义的同义词来替换这个词。有时,也能够提供意思相反的反义词来替换使用。

Judith Baumel notes the example of words that all describe a place to sit, words like chair and sofa and couch and chaise.

朱迪斯·鲍梅尔举了一个例子:描述一个能够做的地方的单词,比如:椅子、沙发、躺椅。

“All of this is available online now. Anybody in the world can just go online and get an online thesaurus.”

“所有这些词汇能够在线查到,世界各地的人都可以上网查找同义词与反义词。”

And that’s the VOA Learning English Education Report for today. I’m Jeri Watson.

这里是美国之音英语学习的教育报道,我是杰瑞·瓦特森。

__________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

narrative – adj. of or relating to the process of telling a story

insight - n. the ability to understand people and situations in a very clear way

plot – n. a series of events that form the story in a novel, movie, etc.

climax – n. the most important part of a story, play, or movie that usually occurs at or near the end

visual – adj. relating to seeing or to the eyes

graphic – adj. a picture, drawing, or graph used as a decoration, or to make something, such as a magazine article, easier to understand.

graphic novels – n. drawings that tell a story and are published as a book.

 

Writing the Narrative Essay: How to Find the Words

This is the VOA Learning English Education Report.

\

In this 2013 file photo, Ivan Silverberg teaches his American Studies class at Niles North High School in Skokie, Illinois. (AP Photo/Scott Eisen)

A student from overseas did well on a research paper for an American college. She said, “Research takes up space, and the words in the research are correct because the writing is in English.” Now, however, she has to write a narrative essay in her own words.

She is afraid she does not know enough English.

Such a paper can be hard for anyone. Experts at Purdue University in Indiana define a narrative essay as “often anecdotal, experiential and personal.” In other words, this kind of essay usually tells a story from the writer’s experience. It is about something the writer has lived.

A narrative essay usually provides an insight. For example, such essays might be named “How I Won the 100-Meter Dash” or “How I Came to Study in the United States.” It is often written in the first person – the “I” form. And itoffers a chance for creative writing, for expressing yourself about yourself in the paper.

The Purdue experts say that if your narrative essay is written as a story, you need to provide an introduction, a plot, a setting, a climax and a conclusion or ending. Often the narrative essay requires characters as well. And this essay usually follows events in the order they happened.

Judith Baumel is a poet and a professor at Adelphi University in New York.

“Sometimes I ask students to remember an early moment with their parents and sort of think about where they were physically. Think about what was in front of them, what was behind them, what was above them, below them. Just describe it out.”

Professor Baumel describes the exercise as remarkable. Says she learned it from another writer, graphic novelist Lynda Barry.

Ms. Baumel also has advice for English students who worry about not using the right words. She says the language has a great vocabulary.

“And that’s a real bonus for students who are just learning English. You really can play around with the vocabulary pretty early (in the process of learning the language).”

She says she introduces language learners to the thesaurus, which she calls“ a great resource.” A thesaurus is a kind of dictionary. It can help you replace a word with a synonym, another word having the same or similar meaning. Sometimes it also provides antonyms -- words with opposite or nearly opposite meanings from the word you are replacing.

Judith Baumel notes the example of words that all describe a place to sit, words like chair and sofa and couch and chaise.

“All of this is available online now. Anybody in the world can just go online and get an online thesaurus.”

And that’s the VOA Learning English Education Report for today. I’m Jeri Watson.

__________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

narrative – adj. of or relating to the process of telling a story

insight - n. the ability to understand people and situations in a very clear way

plot – n. a series of events that form the story in a novel, movie, etc.

climax – n. the most important part of a story, play, or movie that usually occurs at or near the end

visual – adj. relating to seeing or to the eyes

graphic – adj. a picture, drawing, or graph used as a decoration, or to make something, such as a magazine article, easier to understand.

graphic novels – n. drawings that tell a story and are published as a book.


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