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CNN News:海地地震灾民现状悲惨

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Milong Esting六个月来一直住在一个拥挤的临时营地中。她说,我刚到这里的时候,什么都不知道。他们一直说,我们会得到这个,我们会得到那个,但是我什么都没有看到。

她的儿子Wably在地震中双腿受伤。过去几个月,他的身体一直蜷曲着。现在他已经可以行走了,但着是自地震以来Milong的家庭发生的唯一一件好事。

地震发生的时候,你有没有想过,六个月之后你仍然居住在这样的建筑中?

不,我们没有想到,Milong的邻居Marie Solis说,但是我们没有其他任何地方可去。所有这一切都让人疯狂。

现在Milong所在的营地中居住着55,000个人。他们拥挤在防水布制成的帐篷下。

Milong的房间内共有四个人住。她有一张床,一张单人床,但是这已经比大多数人好多了。在这一边,有一些放衣服的空间,那边有一些化妆品。有一些出具,盆和锅,一些盘子,然后是一个小的木炭炉,她用这个炉子为一家人煮饭。

这个小房间用塑料建造,用床单和木棍隔开。所以,实际上非常结实。你在视频上看不到的是,你难以想象这里有多热。在里面待上几秒钟,你就会满头大汗。所以,大部分人白天都不会在里面待很长时间。

在整个太子港,共有1,300多个临时帐篷,供150多万人居住。

你可以看到,这些帐篷一个接一个。我认为一个微风习习的日子可以使他们非常舒适。

Sean Penn和他的组织JPHRO负责这些营地。他们提供水和食物,医生和药物。他们甚至还建造了学校。

Penn希望能够让这些人回到原来的社区,但是许多社区仍然埋在废墟中。

所以,要想让这些人转移出临时营地,存在着多方面的问题。例如,这些社区仍然布满废墟,必须将这些废墟运出,人们才能回去。同时还必须弄清楚土地归谁所有。然后是重建的问题。

这里的许多地方都没有电网,没有水,营地所需的一切,诊所,照明,大部分社区完全居住在黑暗中的废墟中,这些废墟的高度是我们身高的两倍。

捐赠和化肥的大部分资金目前为止都用于人们迫切的人道主义需求。许多人的生命得到挽救,目前还没有出现疾病的爆发或者重大的民众暴乱。

但是由于缺乏组织和领导,重建工作非常迟缓。清理废墟并没有明确的计划,这使许多人重建家园受阻。此外,世界各国政府承诺的数十亿美元的重建资金只有一小部分已经支付。

我们被告知,许多NGO组织之间不相互配合。克林顿总统本人表示,他们并不配合他的任务。为什么会出现这种情况呢?

我认为,这是因为人们想争先的想法,或者他们根本就不希望这项工作能够完成。我认为他们想起带头作用,想做领袖,但是在大多数情况下又没有勇气这样做。当然,也有一些NGO组织非常直接,非常认真地进行工作,但这只是沧海一粟。

Penn的组织已经开始使用重型设备来清理废墟,所以,营地中一些人可以返回家园。他还希望看到其他重建资金能够在太子港意外建设新的社区。

你说,非常重要的是用重型机器将这些废墟清理干净,而且还要在太子港之外为人们寻找住的地方?

是的,两方面都非常重要。因为,180万人。山坡上还有许多帐篷没有照明,没有任何排水设施,整个社区都处于废墟中。

那么,有些国家说,看吧,六个月前我已经给了钱,现在还是这个样子,我不应该再给钱了。这种情况又怎么办呢?

我要说,不,这不是真的,因为如果你因为关心他们而想捐赠的话,如果你有什么可以捐赠的话,而你又不相信任何一个NGO组织,你可以选择一个家庭来收养。可以与我们的NGO联系。你不一定非要把钱给我们。我可以为你寻找一个家庭来资助。我会给你他们的电话号码。你可以跟他们对话,查明事实真相。但是不要停止捐赠。我们非常需要。

CNN记者Anderson Cooper在太子港报道。

Milong Esting has been stuck in a makeshift camp for the last six months. From the moment I came here, she says, I don't know anything. They keep saying we're going to get this, we're going to get that, but I haven't seen anything.

Her son Wably broke his legs in the earthquake. He was in a body cast for months. He can walk now, but that's about the only good thing that has happened to Milong's family since the quake.

When the earthquake happened, did you think that six months, you would, later, you would still be living in a structure like this?

No, we didn't think that, says Milong's neighbor Marie Solis, but we don't have anywhere else to go. All of this makes you crazy.

Some 55,000 people now occupy Milong's camp. They live crammed together under plastic tarps.

Four people live inside Milong's structure. She has a bed, a single bed, but, which is frankly more than most people have. In this side over here, there's room for some clothing, some toiletries over here. There's cooking supplies, pots and pans, a few plates, and then a small little charcoal stove, which she uses to cook food for her family.

The structure is made out of plastic. There're heavy sheets which are stretched across wooden support. So, it's actually pretty sturdy. What you don't see on the, on video is just how incredibly hot it is in here. You're in here for literally a few seconds, you just are drenched in sweat. So, most people can't spend much time during the day inside these structures.

There are more than 1,300 makeshift camps throughout Port-au-Prince housing more than a million and a half people.

You see, with all these tents, they're right on top of each other. I think one match on a breezy day could pretty much run this whole place down.

Sean Penn and his organization, JPHRO, is in charge of this camp. They provide water and food, doctors and medicine. They have even built a school.

Penn would like to get these people back into their old neighborhoods, but many of the neighborhoods are still buried in rubble.

So, in terms of getting people out of a camp like this, I mean, there's multiple problems. There's the problem of the rubble that is still in all these neighborhoods, and getting that trucked out, so people can go back. There's the problem of figuring out who owns the land that, that people might move on to. And then there's actually rebuilding structures.

A lot of these areas have no grid. They have got no water, all of those things that you would need in a camp, clinics, lighting, those, you know, most of these neighborhoods are living in the pitch dark in rubble twice as high as our heads.

Much of the money donated and spent so far has gone to meet immediate humanitarian needs of the population. Many lives were saved, and there's been no outbreak of disease and no major civil unrest.

But the rebuilding has been plagued by lack of organization and leadership. There's still no master plan for removing the rubble, which prevents many from returning home, and only a small percentage of the billions in reconstruction money pledged by governments around the world has actually been sent.

There are a lot of NGOs who we're told are not coordinating with each other. President Clinton himself has said that they're not coordinating with his commission. Why is that?

I think that's as, I think that's as basic as people want to be the first, or they don't want to see it done at all. I think that they want to be the lead, but they don't have the courage in most cases to take it. There are, there are some NGOs that are working very directly and doing it, but it, it's like dropping grains of salt on the beach.

Penn's group has just begun using heavy equipment to clear a neighborhood, so some of the people in this camp can return to their old homes. He’d also like to see other funding used for new communities to be built outside Port-au-Prince.

Critically important, you're saying, is removing the rubble here with heavy equipment, but also getting people places that they can live outside of Port-au-Prince?

Yes, yes, both, because there's, there's whatever it is, 1.8 million. There are camps that are on hillsides like this that still have no lighting, have no drainage mitigations, where their whole neighborhood is in rubble.

And so to people in the States who say, well, look, I, I gave money six months ago, and, look, it's all still the same, and I shouldn't give any more money?

Well, I say, I say, no, that's not true, because if you gave money because you care, and you have anything to scrap up, if you don't trust an NGO, find a family to adopt. Get in touch with our NGO. You don't have to give us the money. I will find you a family to adopt. I will give you their number. You can talk to them and find out what it is. But don't stop, don't stop giving. We, we need it.

Anderson Cooper, CNN, Port-au-Prince.


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