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CNN NEWS:股市下跌易对健康造成损害

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WHITFIELD:如果你看到自己的财富在华尔街波动不断,这对你产生的震惊效果还可能是比较温和的。你的证据组合的急剧下跌还可能使你的健康遭受重大损失。

CNN首席医疗记者Sanjay Gupta为我们带来一项最新研究的结果。

这不足为奇,因为许多时候,你的财产遭受损失时,你的心脏都会受到损害。

SANJAY GUPTA,CNN首席医疗记者:确实是这样。你知道,我们肯定听说过,某人压力太大,或者生气之后,心脏会出现一些问题。但是,有更多的证据表明确实是这样。你的血压和心跳速度都会上升。但是这份研究非常吸引人,因为他们观察的是股市大幅下跌的一段时期。他们不是对独立的个体进行观察,而是对整个社会进行研究,他们发现的结果正是刚才你所说的。

股市下跌的时候,因胸口痛,心脏病以及需要手术的人数都出现上升。据他们推测,飓风或者自然灾害来临时也是如此。

WHITFIELD:因为你感到紧张。

GUPTA:因为紧张。他们还说,这种情况发生时,你的身体会分泌粗肾上腺素。你能感觉到。但是这会导致你的心脏电波发生变化,会导致发炎和红肿。可能还会导致伤心综合征等问题,你的心脏似乎震惊了一段时间。

WHITFIELD:哇!

GUPTA:任何测试都显示不错来。你会感到像心脏病发一样,但是去医院检查的时候,医生会告诉你,一切正常。但是实际上,你的心脏有一点受惊。

WHITFIELD:那么,应该采取什么措施呢?我的意思时,许多时候,你无法控制自己的证券走势。

GUPTA:无法控制市场?

WHITFIELD:是的,你无法控制市场。那么应该怎么办呢?

GUPTA:你知道……

WHITFIELD:你是怎么应对这种情况的呢?

GUPTA:这非常有趣。你知道,我环游世界,观察了一些非常长寿的人群。他们表达了同样的情况。我们也有压力。并不是因为我们过着没有压力的生活,我们和你们有同样的忧虑。

但是关键是对压力的处理。如果你看一下那些人群,他们做的事情非常简单。例如,每天祈祷或思考15分钟。

WHITFIELD:嗯。

GUPTA:我现在也那么做了。

WHITFIELD:这是正确的。

GUPTA:我从来都不认为我每天可以思考15分钟。但是我确实这样做了。确实可以腾出时间来做的。

WHITFIELD:我相信——我曾经试过。我也很喜欢这种方式。

GUPTA:是的,腾出时间来开心一下。即使是在圣帕特里克国庆日这一天。这并不意味着你要去喝酒。但是你知道,你要为自己留下一点时间。很明显,这会很有作用。还有人参加了一个大笑瑜伽的团体。

WHITFIELD:我记得。

GUPTA:他们拼命大笑,强迫自己笑,这样似乎就可以缓解压力。

WHITFIELD:是的。

GUPTA:增加快乐感。

WHITFIELD:我也会加入他们的行列。我的意思是,应该多笑一下。你知道,人们经常说,我需要大笑一场。

GUPTA:对。

WHITFIELD:因为这让你感觉很好。这是很好的放松方式。

GUPTA:偶尔可以试一下。这可能有助与你的心脏健康吗?

WHITFIELD:是的。

GUPTA:可以。

WHITFIELD:好的,Sanjay Gupta医生,非常感谢。

WHITFIELD: So if you've watched your fortunes rise and fall on Wall Street, this may be only mildly shocking to you. Those big plunges in your portfolio can also take quite a toll on your health.

CNN chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta joining us now with the results of this new study.

No surprise here because a lot of times when your, you know, pocketbook gets hit, it hurts in the heart.

DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CHIEF MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: It does. And you know, I think anecdotally we've known for some time that people who are stressed out or get angry about something can have problems with their heart. But there's been a lot more evidence that in fact that's true. Your blood pressure will go up, your heart rate. But the study was fascinating because they were looking at a period of time when the stock market was taking a lot of plunges. Instead of looking at individuals, they were sort of looking more globally at society, and found exactly what you said.

The number of people coming in with chest pain. The number of people having heart attacks. The number of people needing procedures all seemed to go up as the stock market went down. And they extrapolated to the same can be said of, you know, a hurricane or some sort of natural disaster occurring as wells.

WHITFIELD: You get stressed out.

GUPTA: You get stressed out. And they also know that, you know, when that happens, you release all this adrenaline. You can feel that sometimes. But that can cause electrical changes in your heart, it can cause inflammation to build up. It can also cause something known as broken-heart syndrome where your heart sort of gets stunned for a period of time.

WHITFIELD: Wow.

GUPTA: It won't show up on any tests. You'll feel like you're having a heart attack but you go to the hospital and they'll say everything is fine but in fact you've had a little stunning of the heart they call it.

WHITFIELD: So what can you do? I mean a lot of time you can't really control what your portfolio is going to do.

GUPTA: Can't control the market?

WHITFIELD: Right. You can't control the market. So then what?

GUPTA: You know --

WHITFIELD: How do you manage this?

GUPTA: Yes. You know, it's interesting because, you know, I've traveled all over the world looking at some of the longest-lived societies around the world. And they'll say the same thing. We have stress as well. It's not that we live a stress-free life. We have the same concerns you do.

But it is about management of stress. And if you look at some of those societies, there are some simple things that people do. You know, pray and meditate for about 15 minutes a day, for example.

WHITFIELD: Yes.

GUPTA: I do that by the way now, Fred.

WHITFIELD: Yes, that's right.

GUPTA: I never thought I'd meditate for 15 minutes a day. But I do that. And it really does make time.

WHITFIELD: I really believe -- I tried it. I like it, too.

GUPTA: Yes. Make time for happy hour. Even on St. Patrick's Day. It doesn't necessarily mean you have to drink but you know, taking some time for yourself. Obviously that makes a difference. Sex seems to make a difference. Simply laughing. There's this group of people that engage in what's called laughter yoga.

WHITFIELD: I remember that.

GUPTA: They laugh and just simply forcing themselves to laugh seems to decrease stress levels.

WHITFIELD: Yes.

GUPTA: Increase happiness.

WHITFIELD: I could get into that, but I mean, you know. I mean laughing, you know, folks always say, I needed a good laugh.

GUPTA: That's right. And --

WHITFIELD: Because it makes you feel good. It's great relief.

GUPTA: Just doing it sometimes, the act of it. And could it possibly help your heart as well?

WHITFIELD: Yes.

GUPTA: Could be.

WHITFIELD: All right. Dr. Sanjay Gupta, thanks so much.


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