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VOA慢速英语:从失败中学习的教训更加持久

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This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

这里是VOA特别英语教育报道。


No one likes to make mistakes. But a new study says organizations learn more from their failures than their successes, and keep that knowledge longer.

任何人都不喜欢犯错。但是一项新的研究表明,组织从失败中学习到的知识比在成功中学到的多,而且保持的时间更长久。


One of the researchers was Vinit Desai, an assistant professor at the University of Colorado Denver Business School. He worked with Peter Madsen from the Marriott School of Management at Brigham Young University in Utah.

其中一名研究人员是Vinit Desai,科罗拉多大学丹佛商学院助理教授。与他一起工作的还有犹他州杨百翰大学马里奥特管理学院的Peter Madsen。


They did not find much long-term "organizational learning" from success. It is possible, they say. But Professor Desai says they found that knowledge gained from failure lasts for years.

他们没有发现从成功中学习到长期的“组织经验”。他们说,这是有可能的。但是Desai教授表示,他们发现,从失败中学到的知识可以持续几年之久。


He says organizations should treat failures as a learning opportunity and not try to ignore them.

他们说,组织应该将失败视为学习机会,而不是试图忽略。


The study looked at companies and organizations that launch satellites and other space vehicles. Professor Desai compared two shuttle flights.

该研究仔细调查了发射卫星和其他太空工具的公司和组织。Desai教授对两次航天飞机飞行进行了对比。

In two thousand two, a piece of insulating material broke off during launch and damaged a rocket on the Atlantis. Still, the flight was considered a success.

2002年,一片绝缘材料在发射中脱落,损坏了亚特兰蒂斯号上的火箭。然而,这次飞行仍然被认为是成功的。


Then, in early two thousand three, a piece of insulation struck the Columbia during launch. This time, the shuttle broke apart on re-entry and the seven crew members died. NASA officials suspended all flights and an investigation led to suggested changes.

随后,2003年初,一片绝缘材料在发射期间击中了哥伦比亚号航天飞机。当时,航天飞机爆裂,7名机组人员全部遇难。NASA官员暂停了所有的飞行,进行了调查之后决定作出改变。


Professor Desai says the search for solutions after a failure can make leaders more open-minded. He points to airlines as an example of an industry that has learned from failures in the past.

Desai教授表示,失败后寻找解决方法可以使领袖们的思想更加开阔。他指出,航空行业就是一个从过去的失败中汲取教训的例子


He advises organizations to look for useful information in small failures and failures they avoided. He also urges leaders to encourage the open sharing of information. The study appeared in the Academy of Management Journal.

他建议组织从小的失败和他们忽略的失败中寻找有用的信息。他还鼓励领袖们分享信息。该研究发表在管理学院期刊上


The mistakes we learn from do not have to be our own. We recently asked people on our Facebook page to tell us a time they had done something really silly.

我们可以从中学习的错误不一定非要是我们自己的。最近我们在facebook网页上发动网友讲述他们曾经做过的愚蠢的事情。


Fabricio Cimino wrote: Not long ago I wanted to watch TV, but it wouldn't turn on, so I did everything I could to start it. Thirty minutes later my mum shows up and, passing by, says to me "Did you try plugging it?" I was like "I'm just dusting, Mum!" so she wouldn't notice how dumb I am sometimes!

Fabricio Cimino写道:不久前,我想看电视,但是电视打不开,所以我想尽一切办法让它播放。三十分钟后,我妈妈经过,对我说,你有没有插上插头?我跟妈妈说,我只是在打扫灰尘!这样她就不会注意到,我有时候是多么愚蠢


Bruno Kanieski da Silva told about a time he looked everywhere for his key. It was in his pocket. He wrote: I always promise I will never do it again, but after a few weeks ... where is my wallet? For sure it will be in a very logical place.

Bruno Kanieski da Silva说,有一次他到处找自己的钥匙,结果钥匙就在他口袋里。他写道:我经常发誓再也不会发生这样的事。但是几周后……我又在找我的钱包。当然是在一个非常合理的地方。


You can find more comments like these on Facebook at VOA Learning English. And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Avi Arditti. I'm Steve Ember.


 1.gain vt.vi.获得, 赢得

例句:The man gained a lot in the business, but he lost the respect of his friends.
      那个人做这买卖赚了很多钱, 但他却失去了朋友们对他的尊敬。

      He gained the rank of Colonel.
      他获得上校军衔。

2.ignore v.不理睬,忽视

例句:She saw him coming but she ignored him.
      她看见他过来但没有理睬他。

3.insulating  adj.绝缘的; 绝缘的

4.suspend vt.暂停, 终止

例句:Both sides in the conflict have agreed temporarily to suspend hostilities.
      冲突双方同意暂时停火。

      The President has suspended the constitution and assumed total power.
      总统废止了宪法, 独揽大权。

5.plug vt. vi.插上插头

例句:The girl let her mother plug in the TV set.
      女孩叫母亲插上电视机的插头。

6.dumb adj.愚蠢的

例句:It was dumb of you to say that.
      你说这种话太愚蠢了。

7.logical adj.推理正确的, 合乎常理的,必然的,合乎情理的
 
例句:It is logical that the book is expensive.
      书贵是很自然的事。

 

How Failure Can Lead to Long-Lasting Knowledge

 

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.


No one likes to make mistakes. But a new study says organizations learn more from their failures than their successes, and keep that knowledge longer.


One of the researchers was Vinit Desai, an assistant professor at the University of Colorado Denver Business School. He worked with Peter Madsen from the Marriott School of Management at Brigham Young University in Utah.


They did not find much long-term "organizational learning" from success. It is possible, they say. But Professor Desai says they found that knowledge gained from failure lasts for years.


He says organizations should treat failures as a learning opportunity and not try to ignore them.


The study looked at companies and organizations that launch satellites and other space vehicles. Professor Desai compared two shuttle flights.


In two thousand two, a piece of insulating material broke off during launch and damaged a rocket on the Atlantis. Still, the flight was considered a success.


Then, in early two thousand three, a piece of insulation struck the Columbia during launch. This time, the shuttle broke apart on re-entry and the seven crew members died. NASA officials suspended all flights and an investigation led to suggested changes.


Professor Desai says the search for solutions after a failure can make leaders more open-minded. He points to airlines as an example of an industry that has learned from failures in the past.


He advises organizations to look for useful information in small failures and failures they avoided. He also urges leaders to encourage the open sharing of information. The study appeared in the Academy of Management Journal.


The mistakes we learn from do not have to be our own. We recently asked people on our Facebook page to tell us a time they had done something really silly.


Fabricio Cimino wrote: Not long ago I wanted to watch TV, but it wouldn't turn on, so I did everything I could to start it. Thirty minutes later my mum shows up and, passing by, says to me "Did you try plugging it?" I was like "I'm just dusting, Mum!" so she wouldn't notice how dumb I am sometimes!


Bruno Kanieski da Silva told about a time he looked everywhere for his key. It was in his pocket. He wrote: I always promise I will never do it again, but after a few weeks ... where is my wallet? For sure it will be in a very logical place.


You can find more comments like these on Facebook at VOA Learning English. And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Avi Arditti. I'm Steve Ember.
 


内容来自 VOA英语学习网https://www.chinavoa.com/show-528-204388-1.html
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