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Increasing Food Security in Dry Areas of the Middle East

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This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

这里是VOA特殊英语发展报告

Agricultural experts have launched a land and water management project in the Middle East. The project seeks to increase food security in dry areas. Researchers say the water availability in some of the areas has dropped well below the internationally recognized standard.

农业专家在中东已经启动了一个土地和水资源管理项目。该项目旨在增加干旱地区的粮食安全。研究人员说一些地区的水供应量下降了远远比不上国家公认的标准。

Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, the West Bank, Syria and Yemen are all taking part in the project.  It is part of a larger ten-year effort called the Water and Livelihoods Initiative. The project is also expected to increase household income for farmers in the areas.

埃及,伊拉克,约旦,黎巴嫩,约旦河西岸,叙利亚和也门都在参加该项目。它是被称作水和生活倡议10年计划的一部分。预计该项目会增加这些地区农民的家庭收入。

The United States Agency for International Development provided one million dollars for the Water and Livelihoods Initiative. Scott Christianson is an agricultural development advisor with U.S.A.I.D. He helped develop the project while working for the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas.  He says the countries taking part in the project were all carefully selected.

美国国际发展机构为水和生活倡议提供了100万美元。斯科特克里斯蒂是美国国际开发署的农业发展顾问。他为在干旱地区国际农业研究中心工作时,帮助发展了该项目。他说参加该项目的国家都是经过了仔细的挑选。

SCOTT CHRISTIANSON: "They all share a socio-economic and cultural heritage that's fairly homogeneous. We feel that it's going to maximize our opportunity for trading of knowledge that we will generate in the project."

斯科特克里斯蒂:他们共享同样的社会经济和文化遗产。我们感觉这将使我们知识交易最大化。

Research by the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas and its partners has already proven to be successful.  New irrigation methods are expected to double wheat production while using one-third of the water required for full irrigation. Experts say the new methods also increase crop production up to five times more than crops that depend on rainfall only.

由国际农业研究中心和它的合作伙伴在干旱地区所做的研究已经被证明是成功的。预计新的灌溉方法会使小麦的产量翻倍增长,专家说新的方法也会使粮食产量比仅仅依赖雨水的作物产量增加五倍多。

The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas will provide technical support for the project. Officials from the International Water Management Institute and the International Food Policy Research Institute are also taking part in the effort.

Each team will be joined by experts from local research institutions, universities and government agencies.

干旱地区的国际农业研究中心将为该项目提供技术支持。国际水管理研究所的官员和国际粮食政策研究所也参加了其中的工作。每个组由当地研究机构,大学和政府机构的专家组成。

SCOTT CHRISTIANSON: "We have good partnerships among the countries within each agro-eco system so that through this twinning they can learn lessons from each other and work together effectively through time."

斯科特克里斯蒂:在农业生态系统领域我们和其它国家有良好合作关系以至于我们可以互相借鉴经验和有效合作。

Scott Christianson and other officials met in Amman, Jordan last week. They attended an international conference on food security and climate change in dry areas. Nearly one-fourth of the world's people live in these areas.

上周在约旦首都安曼斯科特克里斯会见了其它官员。他们参加了一个干旱地区关于粮食安全和气候变化的国际会议。世界上近四分之一的人口居住在这些地区。

Officials say more must be done to deal with water shortages in agriculture. If not, they say, the future of food security, economic development and social stability in dry areas will be put at risk.  

官员说必须做很多工作来处理农业方面水短缺问题。如果不这样的花,干旱地区的粮食安全,经济发展和社会稳定的将来将会处于危险之中。

And that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by June Simms. I'm Steve Ember.

 

This is theVOA Special English Development Report.

Agricultural experts have launched a land and water management project in the Middle East. The project seeks to increase food security in dry areas. Researchers say the water availability in some of the areas has dropped well below the internationally recognized standard.

The project is seeking ideas from farmers to develop research programs
The project is seeking ideas from farmers to develop research programs
Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, the West Bank, Syria and Yemen are all taking part in the project.  It is part of a larger ten-year effort called the Water and Livelihoods Initiative. The project is also expected to increase household income for farmers in the areas.

The United States Agency for International Development provided one million dollars for the Water and Livelihoods Initiative. Scott Christianson is an agricultural development advisor with U.S.A.I.D. He helped develop the project while working for the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas.  He says the countries taking part in the project were all carefully selected.

SCOTT CHRISTIANSON: "They all share a socio-economic and cultural heritage that's fairly homogeneous. We feel that it's going to maximize our opportunity for trading of knowledge that we will generate in the project."

Research by the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas and its partners has already proven to be successful.  New irrigation methods are expected to double wheat production while using one-third of the water required for full irrigation. Experts say the new methods also increase crop production up to five times more than crops that depend on rainfall only.

The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas will provide technical support for the project. Officials from the International Water Management Institute and the International Food Policy Research Institute are also taking part in the effort.

Each team will be joined by experts from local research institutions, universities and government agencies.

SCOTT CHRISTIANSON: "We have good partnerships among the countries within each agro-eco system so that through this twinning they can learn lessons from each other and work together effectively through time."

Scott Christianson and other officials met in Amman, Jordan last week. They attended an international conference on food security and climate change in dry areas. Nearly one-fourth of the world's people live in these areas.

Officials say more must be done to deal with water shortages in agriculture. If not, they say, the future of food security, economic development and social stability in dry areas will be put at risk.  

And that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by June Simms. I'm Steve Ember.


内容来自 VOA英语学习网https://www.chinavoa.com/show-516-121306-1.html
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