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Words and Their Stories: The Cold, Hard Reality

中英对照 听力原文

2 部分:参考翻译





寒冷也可以影响到身体的其他部位。例如,脚。如果你的脚真的感到冷,厚袜子可以让你感觉到温暖。但是to get cold feet这个表达与cold或是feet没有任何关系。



你拒绝与一些人交谈时,你可能会给这些人一个cold shoulder.你用一种疏远的,冷漠的方式对待他们。这个短语可能来自这样一个动作,当你不想跟一个人面对面交谈时,你会转过你的背。当一个朋友没有遵守他承诺给你的诺言时,你可能会疏远他。或者是,当有人对别人说你的谎话时,你也会疏远他。

A cold fish不是指一条鱼。是指一个人。但是这个人是不友善的,没有感情的,而且没有一点爱的温暖。A cold fish(态度冰冷的人)不会让别人看到太多的自己。


Out in the cold是我们经常听到的一句表达。它的意思是没有得到其他人得到的东西。一个人可能说,所有人除了他除外都得到了加薪,而他被忽视了。而且他在这呆的不开心。



Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.


Cold weather has a great effect on how our minds and our bodies work. Maybe that is why there are so many expressions that use the word cold.

For centuries, the body's blood has been linked closely with the emotions. People who show no human emotions or feelings, for example, are said to be cold-blooded. Cold-blooded people act in cruel ways. They may do brutal things to others, and not by accident.

For example, a newspaper says the police are searching for a cold-blooded killer. The killer murdered someone, not in self-defense, or because he was reacting to anger or fear. He seemed to kill for no reason, and with no emotion, as if taking someone's life meant nothing.

Cold can affect other parts of the body. The feet, for example. Heavy socks can warm your feet, if your feet are really cold. But there is an expression -- to get cold feet -- that has nothing to do with cold or your feet.

The expression means being afraid to do something you had decided to do. For example, you agree to be president of an organization. But then you learn that all the other officers have resigned. All the work of the organization will be your responsibility. You are likely to get cold feet about being president when you understand the situation.

Cold can also affect your shoulder.

You give someone the cold shoulder when you refuse to speak to them. You treat them in a distant, cold way. The expression probably comes from the physical act of turning your back toward someone, instead of speaking to him face-to-face. You may give a cold shoulder to a friend who has not kept a promise he made to you. Or, to someone who has lied about you to others.

A cold fish is not a fish. It is a person. But it is a person who is unfriendly, unemotional and shows no love or warmth. A cold fish does not offer much of himself to anyone.

Someone who is a cold fish could be cold-hearted. Now a cold-hearted person is someone who has no sympathy. Several popular songs in recent years were about cold-hearted men or cold-hearted women who, without feeling, broke the hearts of their lovers.

Out in the cold is an expression often heard. It means not getting something that everybody else got. A person might say that everybody but him got a pay raise, that he was left out in the cold. And it is not a pleasant place to be.


This VOA Special English program, WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, was written by Marilyn Rice Christiano. Maurice Joyce was the narrator. I'm Shirley Griffith. 

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